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The “Melting Pot” vs. the “Salad Bowl”. People who “want to live in more diverse communities”. More Conservative Republicans: 32% Republicans: 35% Independents: 57% Democrats: 58% More Liberal Dems: 65% College Grads: 62% HS Grads: 46%

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people who want to live in more diverse communities
People who “want to live in more diverse communities”

More Conservative

Republicans: 32%

Republicans: 35%

Independents: 57%

Democrats: 58%

More Liberal Dems: 65%

College Grads: 62%

HS Grads: 46%

Data: Pew Research Center (2009)

White: 50%

Black: 59%

Hispanic: 46%

Attend Wkly Serv: 44%

Seldom Attnd. Serv: 55%

Under 65: 53%

Over 65: 41%

people who want to live with many immigrants
People who want to live with “many immigrants”

More Conserv. Repub: 14%

Republicans: 16%

Independents: 24%

Democrats: 32%

More Liberal Dems: 44%

City: 33%

Suburb: 26%

Rural: 12%

Data: Pew Research Center (2009)

White: 20%

Black: 29%

Hispanic: 40%

Midwest: 15%

South: 23%

East: 27%

West: 33%

18-29: 36%

Over 65: 12%

people who prefer to live in a community made up mainly of people of their same racial ancestry
People who prefer to live in a community “made up mainly of people of their same racial ancestry”

Republicans: 32%

Democrats: 15%

18-29: 15%

30-49: 17%

50-64: 22%

65+ : 33%

Data: Pew Research Center (2009)

White: 23%

Black: 9%

Hispanic: 21%

Midwest: 26%

South: 20%

East: 17%

West: 17%

multiculturalism
MULTICULTURALISM:

Cultural groups maintain much of their distinctness

A society in which there is one culture composed of overlapping sub-cultures

Cultural differences are not discouraged

problems with multiculturalism
PROBLEMS WITH MULTICULTURALISM

By “embracing” differences we can “encourage” overemphasizing them

-- this invariably leads to a fracturing of the social fabric

It slows the assimilation process and leads new migrants and cultural groups into isolation

benefits of multiculturalism
BENEFITS OF MULTICULTURALISM

Leads to more dynamic societal transformation

Empowers people/groups who have historically been marginalized

1 the u s is the world s most multicultural nation
1. THE U.S. IS THE WORLD’S MOST “MULTICULTURAL” NATION

United States is a “Creole land”

We are currently the most diverse country in the world

ancestry & culture

soc 119 fall 2009 1 i identify myself as
SOC 119 – Fall 20091. I identify myself as:
  • White-European – 68.2%
  • Black-African American – 11%
  • Asian-Indian Asia – 8.1%
  • Native American-American Indian – 0.3 %
  • Hispanic – 6.6%
  • Middle Eastern – 1.0%
  • Ethno racially Mixed – 4.8%
2 globalism is upon us
2. GLOBALISM IS UPON US

We will always have to interact with “foreign” peoples & cultures

We cannot “afford” to be xenophobic

3 non european immigration is rising
3. NON-EUROPEAN IMMIGRATION IS RISING

2050: White - 52.8%2050: P of C - 47.2%

* Based on 2005 U.S. Census projections

slide18
SOC 119 – Fall 20099. How familiar are you with a language (besides English) that is native to one or some of your ancestors?
  • I am fluent – 13.5%
  • I am somewhat familiar – 20.0%
  • I cannot speak but understand – 8.0%
  • I cannot speak or understand, but others in my home speak a language besides English – 5.0%
  • I speak only English – 53.5%
slide19
SOC 119 – Fall 2009 12. If I entered a small grocery store and the clerk spoke none of the languages that I speak, I would:
  • Feel very uncomfortable – 9.7%
  • Feel somewhat uncomfortable, but I would find it interesting. – 23.1%
  • Feel comfortable but I probably would not try to communicate with the person, aside from paying for my groceries. – 48.4%
  • Feel intrigued and probably try to communicate in some way with the person (e.g., ask them how to say “hello” in their language). – 18.8%
4 assimilation will never fully occur
4. ASSIMILATION WILL NEVER FULLY OCCUR:

Assimilation: the process by which a person adopts the culture of another group and abandons his/her own

* In the U.S., this is called "Anglo conformity“ (i.e., people adopt what is seen as “white culture”)

slide21

SOC 119 – Fall 2009 20. What percentage of the people who attend your “place of worship” (e.g., church, synagogue, mosque) are of your race?

  • Over 90% - 48.0%
  • Between 80-90% - 17.0%
  • Between 30-70% - 5.7%
  • Less than 30% - 5.5%
  • I don’t attend a place of worship – 23.8%
soc 119 fall 2009 11 have you ever shared saliva with someone of different race
SOC 119 – Fall 2009 11. Have you ever “shared saliva” with someone of different race?
  • Yes – 35.8%
  • No – 47.5%
  • Yes…and I’ve shared considerably more than just saliva. – 16.7%
slide23

SOC 119 – Fall 2009 6. How often have you gotten high or drunk with someone of a different race? (The emphasis is on “with” here and not someone who happened to be standing next to you at some party and offered you a beer.)

  • I never get high or drunk – 12.7%
  • I never have…yet – 6.0%
  • Once or twice in my life – 26.9%
  • I regularly get high/drunk with people of different races – 38.8%
  • Too often to count – 15.6%
soc 119 fall 2009 4 how often have you shared a meal in the home of someone of a different race
SOC 119 – Fall 2009 4. How often have you shared a meal in the home of someone of a different race.
  • Never – 9.3%
  • 1-3 times – 33.4%
  • 4-8 times – 14.9%
  • On numerous occasions – 42.4%
obstacles to assimilation
OBSTACLES TO ASSIMILATION:

Dominant groups often demand assimilation and integration in theory only

Migrating groups struggle to let go of their ties to their homelands

  • Psychological
  • Sociological
slide27

SOC 119 – Fall 2009 7. If I fell in love with someone of ANY OTHER different race than my own, my parents or guardians would be cool with it.

  • Strongly Agree – 25.6%
  • Agree – 31.6%
  • Neutral – 22.0%
  • Disagree – 13.7%
  • Strongly Disagree – 7.1%
slide28
SOC 119 – Fall 2009 19. I would like to live in a neighborhood that was comprised of the following racial mixture:

Nearly 100% white – 13.8%

Nearly 100% people of color – 1.1%

75% white & 25% people of color – 40.7%

50% white & 50% people of color – 37.6%

25% white and 75% people of color – 6.8%

5 amalgamation will always be in process
5. AMALGAMATION WILL ALWAYS BE IN PROCESS

Amalgamation occurs when two or more groups combine to form a totally new group. In the U.S. this is the "melting pot" idea.

vs. Integration

slide30

SOC 119 – Fall 2009 2. If I had the opportunity of eating food that was familiar to me or eating food of another cultural that I’ve never tried before, I would eat the unfamiliar food.

  • Strongly Agree – 15.3%
  • Agree – 31.7%
  • Neutral – 22.0%
  • Disagree – 25.0%
  • Strongly Disagree – 6.0%
slide31
SOC 119 – Fall 2009 3. I am open to marriage (or lifetime commitment) with someone from another racial ancestry group.
  • Strongly Agree – 35.9%
  • Agree – 36.8%
  • Neutral – 16.5%
  • Disagree – 8.6%
  • Strongly Disagree – 2.2%
obstacle to amalgamation
OBSTACLE TO AMALGAMATION :

Amalgamation eventually gets derailed

* Groups in power they generally end up demanding assimilation