Nicole Doyle – Reference Librarian Helen Labine – Reference Librarian Trish Johns-Wilson – Reference Librarian Peggy Lunn – Reference Technician Shannon Polk – Reference Librarian Susan Pratt – Reference Librarian Nicole Doyle, Reference Librarian firstname.lastname@example.org
The Research Process A+ Step Four: Present Step Three: Analyze and Evaulate Step Two: Find Information Step One: Identify and Articulate
RefWorks • Create an account on a virtual server • Create folders for storing citations • Add citations • RefGrabIt • Import from databases/indexes • Format in-text citations; create bibliography
RefWorks does NOT create perfect Reference Lists • You need to proofread! RefWorks Group Code = RWUOIT
Importing to Refworks • Depends on the database you are using! • Instructions for various databases can be found here: http://www.uoit.ca/EN/library/main/research_help/404822/404831/refworks.html
Step One • Determine the nature and extent of information needed…
Nature? • Books • Articles • Magazines • Newspapers • Journals • Peer-reviewed? • Government Reports • Statistics • Laws, Cases
Extent? • Crimes against children • Ages of the children • Types of crimes • So what? • Organized crime • What kind of organized crime? • Specific gang? • So what?
types school initiatives bullying ages children psychology abuse Impact on Dev’t sexual parent extent of information needed
Use a TRUSTED SOURCE to get an overview of your topic. Textbook Reference Book News or Magazine Website Why NOT a wiki?
Source: http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/05/07/2562940.htm See also:http://oncampus.macleans.ca/education/2009/05/11/irish-student-dupes-media-with-wikipedia/
Subject Encyclopedias in the Library • Print • Encyclopedia of Criminology • Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement • Encyclopedia of Crime Scene Investigation • Encyclopedia of International Organized Crime • Encyclopedia of White Collar Crime • Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Violence • Online • Sage Reference Online • http://www.sage-ereference.com.uproxy.library.dc-uoit.ca/ • Gale Virtual Reference Library • http://go.galegroup.com.uproxy.library.dc-uoit.ca/ps/start.do?p=GVRL&u=ko_acd_uoo&authCount=1
So What? • Draft your THESIS STATEMENT • “Victims of childhood bullying are more likely to demonstrate aggressive behaviour as adults.”
Keywords • Childhood • Bullying • Aggressive • Adults • Behaviour (Behavior??)
Step Two • Access information effectively and efficiently….
Next Steps? • Google/Internet? • Google Scholar? • What happens when Google or other search engines are insufficient or not helpful for your topic?
About Google Scholar • Ensure your preferences are set to include the UOIT Library. • Allows you to look up full text of articles in our databases • Will link to our library catalogue to look up books • Direct import into RefWorks (citation manager) http://www.uoit.ca/EN/library/Tools/refworks.html
2. Be sure to Save • Find the UOIT Library and check the checkbox • “Find It@UOIT”
Library Catalogue • 50-100 words to describe each book • How many pages does a book typically have? • Search fields: • Title • Author • Publisher • Subject terms • We are NOT searching (usually): • Chapter titles • Summaries • Contents
Journal Indexes • Contain references to articles • May or may not be subject-specific • Some contain full text • “FindIt” feature links databases together to find full text content
Library Databases do not use the same language as Google! • Need to use Boolean Searching…
Translating a Google Search • Google: childhood bullying aggressive adult • Library: childhood AND bullying AND aggressive AND adult • Better Library Search: Child* AND bully* or bullied AND aggressive or violent AND adult*
Boolean Searching: A Summary • Use AND to connect unique concepts • bullying AND children • Use OR to connect synonyms • bully OR bullied • Use * to include all endings on a root word • adult*
Boolean Searching: A Game! • Practice your Boolean Searching by playing “Snakes and Ladders”… • http://faculty.uoit.ca/pratt/Doyle/Boolean%20Snakes%20and%20Ladders/index.htm
Criminology Perspective Health/Medical Perspective Legal Perspective Media Perspective
Psychology Perspective Sociology Perspective