Nicole Doyle – Reference Librarian
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Nicole Doyle – Reference Librarian Helen Labine – Reference Librarian Trish Johns-Wilson – Reference Librarian Peggy Lunn – Reference Technician Shannon Polk – Reference Librarian Susan Pratt – Reference Librarian. Nicole Doyle, Reference Librarian [email protected]

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Nicole Doyle – Reference Librarian

Helen Labine – Reference Librarian

Trish Johns-Wilson – Reference Librarian

Peggy Lunn – Reference Technician

Shannon Polk – Reference Librarian

Susan Pratt – Reference Librarian

Nicole Doyle, Reference Librarian [email protected]

The Research Process


Step Four: Present

Step Three: Analyze and Evaulate

Step Two: Find Information

Step One: Identify and Articulate


  • Create an account on a virtual server

  • Create folders for storing citations

  • Add citations

    • RefGrabIt

    • Import from databases/indexes

  • Format in-text citations; create bibliography

Refworks login
Refworks Login

  • RefWorks does NOT create perfect Reference Lists

  • You need to proofread!

RefWorks Group Code = RWUOIT

Importing to refworks
Importing to Refworks

  • Depends on the database you are using!

  • Instructions for various databases can be found here:

Step one
Step One

  • Determine the nature and extent of information needed…


  • Books

  • Articles

    • Magazines

    • Newspapers

    • Journals

      • Peer-reviewed?

  • Government Reports

  • Statistics

  • Laws, Cases


  • Crimes against children

    • Ages of the children

    • Types of crimes

    • So what?

  • Organized crime

    • What kind of organized crime?

    • Specific gang?

    • So what?

Extent of information needed









Impact on




extent of information needed

Use a TRUSTED SOURCE to get an overview of your topic.


Reference Book

News or Magazine Website

Why NOT a wiki?


See also:

Subject encyclopedias in the library
Subject Encyclopedias in the Library

  • Print

    • Encyclopedia of Criminology

    • Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement

    • Encyclopedia of Crime Scene Investigation

    • Encyclopedia of International Organized Crime

    • Encyclopedia of White Collar Crime

    • Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Violence

  • Online

    • Sage Reference Online


    • Gale Virtual Reference Library


So what
So What?


  • “Victims of childhood bullying are more likely to demonstrate aggressive behaviour as adults.”


  • Childhood

  • Bullying

  • Aggressive

  • Adults

  • Behaviour (Behavior??)

Step two
Step Two

  • Access information effectively and efficiently….

Next steps
Next Steps?

  • Google/Internet?

  • Google Scholar?

  • What happens when Google or other search engines are insufficient or not helpful for your topic?

About google scholar
About Google Scholar

  • Ensure your preferences are set to include the UOIT Library.

    • Allows you to look up full text of articles in our databases

    • Will link to our library catalogue to look up books

    • Direct import into RefWorks (citation manager)

2. Be sure to Save

Library catalogue
Library Catalogue

  • 50-100 words to describe each book

    • How many pages does a book typically have?

  • Search fields:

    • Title

    • Author

    • Publisher

    • Subject terms

  • We are NOT searching (usually):

    • Chapter titles

    • Summaries

    • Contents

  • Journal indexes
    Journal Indexes

    • Contain references to articles

    • May or may not be subject-specific

    • Some contain full text

    • “FindIt” feature links databases together to find full text content

    Translating a google search
    Translating a Google Search

    • Google: childhood bullying aggressive adult

    • Library: childhood AND bullying AND aggressive AND adult

    • Better Library Search:


      AND bully* or bullied

      AND aggressive or violent

      AND adult*

    Boolean searching a summary
    Boolean Searching: A Summary

    • Use AND to connect unique concepts

      • bullying AND children

    • Use OR to connect synonyms

      • bully OR bullied

    • Use * to include all endings on a root word

      • adult*

    Boolean searching a game
    Boolean Searching: A Game!

    • Practice your Boolean Searching by playing “Snakes and Ladders”…


    Criminology Perspective

    Health/Medical Perspective

    Legal Perspective

    Media Perspective

    Psychology Perspective

    Sociology Perspective

    Need more
    Need More? research!

    • What other databases are available?

    • Are there other subject areas to consider?

    • Have I checked multidisciplinary sources?

    • Are there other keywords we should use?

    Hints for finding articles
    Hints for Finding Articles research!

    • Find the best database for the subject

      • Start with subject guides

    • Use synonyms if they exist

      • Connect with OR

    • Narrow as far as necessary to get relevant results

      • use AND to connect key concepts

    Evaluate and select
    Evaluate and Select research!

    • Simple

      • Place of Publication

      • Timeliness

    • Complex

      • Popular vs. scholarly

      • Bias

      • Authority

      • Point of View

      • Relevance

      • Thoroughly researched

      • Credible references

    In criminology
    In Criminology research!

    • Primary

      • Theory written by the person who created it

      • Article written by the person/people who did the actual research

    • Secondary

      • Articles quoting others extensively

      • Articles comparing studies/theories of others

    Step four present
    Step Four: Present research!

    • Cite all sources (APA, Legal)

    • RefWorks

    • Learner Support for writing help

    More help

    More Help… research!

    Reference Desk x2390


    M-Th 8am-9pm

    Friday 8am-4:30pm

    Saturday and Sunday 10am-5pm

    Nicole Doyle x2962

    [email protected]