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THE ROLES OF EVANGELISTS & PASTORS. EPH. 4:11-12. [By Ron Halbrook]. THE ROLES OF EVANGELISTS & PASTORS. Introduction: 1. Eph. 4:11-12 Leadership roles in God’s plan of redemption: evangelists & pastors.

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slide1
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

EPH. 4:11-12

[By Ron Halbrook]

slide2
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

1. Eph. 4:11-12 Leadership roles in God’s plan of redemption: evangelists & pastors

11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

slide3
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

1. Eph. 4:11-12 Leadership roles in God’s plan of redemption: evangelists & pastors

2. God & Satan at war for our souls!

slide4
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

3. God organized His people in Patriarchal Age—Satan countered

    • Gen. 6:4 Mighty men of sin

4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

slide5
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

4. God organized His people in Mosaic Age—Satan countered

    • Num. 12 Aaron & Miriam troubled Moses
    • Num. 14:1-10 Moses, Joshua, & Caleb nearly killed by the people they led
    • Num. 16:1-10 Korah led rebellion
slide6
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

4. God organized His people in Mosaic Age— Satan countered

    • 1 Sam. 8:5 People reject God as King, & the judges, but, “Make us a king”
    • 2 Sam. 18:6 Absalom usurped David’s throne
    • 1 Kgs. 12:1-20 Rehoboam split kingdom
slide7
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

4. God organized His people in Mosaic Age— Satan countered

    • 2 Kgs. 13:11 Kings did evil in God’s sight
    • Jer. 23:1 Sad results of evil leaders

1 Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! saith the LORD.

slide8
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

5. God promised new leadership for our salvation

    • Jer. 23:5-6 Perfect divine king
slide9
5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.

6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

  • Jer. 23:5-6 Perfect divine king
slide10
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

5. God promised new leadership for our salvation

    • Ps. 68:18; Eph. 4:7-8 Divine King defeats His enemies, blesses his people
slide11
Ps. 68:18; Eph. 4:7-8 Divine King defeats His enemies, blesses his people

18 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.

7 But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.

8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

slide12
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

  • Introduction:

6. King Christ gives gifts of leadership

    • Evangelists & pastors: servants for our salvation
    • Controversy over the pastor’s role
    • Controversy over the evangelist’s role
    • Use our gifts to glorify our king!
slide13
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

A. Eph. 4:1-16 Saints Grow to Maturity in Christ

  • Vv. 1-3 Grow in mutual love
slide14
1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,

2 With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love;

3 Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.

  • Vv. 1-3 Grow in mutual love
  • Selfish spirit destroys love & unity
slide15
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

A. Eph. 4:1-16 Saints Grow to Maturity in Christ

  • Vv. 4-6 Doctrinal foundation of true growth
slide16
4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;

5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism,

6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

  • Vv. 4-6 Doctrinal foundation of true growth
  • False doctrine hinders spiritual growth
slide17
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

A. Eph. 4:1-16 Saints Grow to Maturity in Christ

  • Vv. 7-13 Gifts of King Christ promote growth
slide18
7 But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.

8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

9 (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?

10 He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)

  • Vv. 7-13 Gifts of King Christ promote growth

Ps. 68:18

slide19
11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:

  • Vv. 7-13 Gifts of King Christ promote growth
slide20
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

A. Eph. 4:1-16 Saints Grow to Maturity in Christ

  • Vv. 7-13 Gifts of King Christ promote growth
    • Revelation: apostles & prophets
    • Proclamation: evangelists
    • Oversight in local church: pastors
    • Additional teaching: teachers
    • False teaching & neglect of duty hinder
slide21
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

A. Eph. 4:1-16 Saints Grow to Maturity in Christ

  • Vv. 14-16 Serving Christ as Head: all grow!
slide22
14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;

15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:

16 From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.

  • Vv. 14-16 Serving Christ as Head: all grow!
slide23
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

B. The Role of Evangelists

  • 2 Tim. 4:2 “Preach the word”

2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

slide24
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

B. The Role of Evangelists

  • Acts 20:26-27 “All the counsel of God”

26 Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all men.

27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.

slide25
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

B. The Role of Evangelists

  • 2 Tim. 2:16-17 Expose error

16 But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness.

17 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;

slide26
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

B. The Role of Evangelists

  • Matt. 28:19-20 Convert & edify

19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

slide27
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

B. The Role of Evangelists

  • Tit. 2:15 Speak truth with authority

15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

slide28
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

C. The Role of Pastors

  • Terms explain office & work
    • Pastor,shepherd: Shepherds of flock
    • Bishop, overseer: Managers of people & task
    • Elder, presbyter: Mature leaders
slide29
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

C. The Role of Pastors

  • Acts 14:23 Plurality of pastors in each church

23 And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

slide30
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

C. The Role of Pastors

  • 1 Tim. 3:4-5; 5:17 Rule to expedite principles of truth like father in family
slide31
4 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;

5 (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)

  • 1 Tim. 3:4-5; 5:17 Rule to expedite principles of truth like father in family

17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.

slide32
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

C. The Role of Pastors

  • 1 Pet. 5:1-4 Care for souls, answer to Christ
slide33
1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:

2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.

  • 1 Pet. 5:1-4 Care for souls, answer to Christ
slide34
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

D. Distinct Roles

  • Tit. 2:15 Preacher’s focus: teach God’s Word

15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

  • Not modify truth to please elders or others
slide35
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

D. Distinct Roles

  • Heb. 13:17 Pastor’s focus: oversee souls

17 Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls,…

  • Includes teaching program
  • Preacher not modify elders’ rule
slide36
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

D. Distinct Roles

  • 1 Tim. 5:17-18 Dual role possible

17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.

18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

slide37
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

E. Complementary Roles

  • Division of labor
  • Matt. 20:27-28 Christ: our model of service

27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant:

28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

slide38
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation

E. Complementary Roles

  • Preachers & elders submit to Christ by mutual cooperation
  • Maximize effectiveness: confer & cooperate, not compete & criticize
  • God’s plan will work if we will work God’s plan!
slide39
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role

A. Roman Catholic Model: Pastor to Priest to Pope

  • New Testament defined pastor’s office & work
  • Monarchical bishop evolves:
    • Presiding bishop mid-2nd century
    • Mother church concept elevated the bishop
slide40
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role

A. Roman Catholic Model: Pastor to Priest to Pope

  • Baptism, Lord’s Supper, & priest
    • Baptism evolved from simple act of faith into ritualistic ceremony
    • Lord’s Supper evolved from simple memorial into ritualistic ceremony
    • Ceremonies administered by “priest”
slide41
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

A. Roman Catholic Model: Pastor to Priest to Pope

  • Monarchical bishop evolves:
    • Metropolitan bishop, archbishop, patriarch

1

Pentarchy

well developed

by 6th century

2

4

3

5

slide42
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role

A. Roman Catholic Model: Pastor to Priest to Pope

  • Office of Pope result of expanding organizational powers plus priestly powers
    • Boniface III elected Bishop of Rome 606, Emperor Phocas endorsed him as “Universal Bishop” 607
slide43
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role

B. Denominational Model: Merge Roles of Pastors & Evangelists

  • Founders trained in clerical concepts
  • Combined roles of preacher & pastor

Luther

Calvin

Zwingli

Knox

slide44
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role

B. Denominational Model: Merge Roles of Pastors & Evangelists

  • Denominational pastor’s role:
    • Oversee local church
    • Exercise priestly powers
    • Preacher
slide45
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role

B. Denominational Model: Merge Roles of Pastors & Evangelists

  • Most see polity as expediency, but some such as Presbyterians claim scriptural polity
  • Some distinguish 2 kinds of preachers:
    • Evangelist: itinerant, travel
    • Pastor: oversee local church
slide46
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role

C. Restoring New Testament Christianity

  • Disappointed with denominationalism, search for New Testament model
  • Irish Presbyterians Thomas & Alexander Campbell to U.S. 1807, 1809

Alexander

Thomas

slide47
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

C. Restoring New Testament Christianity

  • Irish Presbyterians Thomas & Alexander Campbell to U.S. 1807, 1809
    • A Restoration of the Ancient Order of Things
    • Oppose all things not revealed in N.T.
    • Lampooned clergy’s pretensions: “Third Epistle of Peter to the Preachers and Rulers of Congregations” (July 4, 1825)
slide48
And when ye shall hear of a church that is vacant & hath no one to preach therein, then be that a call unto you, and be ye mindful of the call, and take ye charge of the flock thereof and of the fleece thereof, even of the golden fleece.

And when ye shall have fleeced the flock, and shall know of another call, and if the flock be greater, or rather if the fleece be greater, then greater be also unto you the call.

Then shall ye leave your old flock, and of the new flock shall ye take the charge.

  • Lampooned clergy’s pretensions: “Third Epistle of Peter to the Preachers and Rulers of Congregations” (July 4, 1825)
slide49
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role

C. Restoring New Testament Christianity

  • Campbell affirmed N.T. model
    • Restore distinctive roles of bishops, deacons, & evangelists
    • No clergy-laity: any brother may “preach, baptize, and dispense the supper, as well as pray for all men” (Christian System: 82)
slide50
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role

  • Irish & Scotch Presbyterians
    • Emphasize Bible authority
    • Emphasize local eldership & national polity
    • Much internal bickering & faction
slide51
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role

  • Independents separated in 1700’s
    • Focus on congregational polity
    • Reject clergy-laity distinction
    • John Glas, Robert Sandeman, Greville Ewing, James A. & Robert Haldane
slide52
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role

  • Independents separated in 1700’s
    • William Ballantyne & James Haldane books:
      • Plurality of elders
      • Eliminate evangelists (limit to 1st century)
      • “Mutual edification:” all men preach
slide53
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role

  • Independents separated in 1700’s
    • Dr. George Campbell distinguished content of “gospel” & “doctrine”
      • Utilized by some Independents: “evangelists” introduce “gospel” as special assistants to Apostles, role end with age of miracles
slide54
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role

  • Independents separated in 1700’s
    • “Mutual edification” called “church order,” resulted in disorder!
      • “Repudiating the clergy & the pope, each member became not only his own pope, but disposed to assume this office in regard to others” (Richardson, Memoirs of Campbell, II:128)
      • Movement largely decimated itself
slide55
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role

  • A. Campbell influenced by Independents
    • Local church autonomy
    • Eliminate clergy
    • Said evangelist’s role ended, later called himself & others “evangelists”
slide56
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

B. Necessity of Itinerate Work

  • Gospel spreading, preachers on the move
  • Resulted in hundreds of baptisms, often lack of follow-up teaching
  • Preachers sacrificed, lacked support—churches small, scattered, struggling
slide57
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

C. Located Work from Early Days

  • Some preachers located with churches:
    • P. S. Fall in TN
    • J. B. Ferguson in TN
    • Walter Scott in KY
    • J.W. McGarvey in MO & KY
    • KY: 8 located preachers in 1862, 23 in 1874

Fall

Ferguson

Scott

McGarvey

slide58
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

C. Located Work from Early Days

  • Moses E. Lard in 1865: “We have not the least objection to a preacher laboring for the same congregation… for one year or ten, but we want him to do so simply as preacher and not as pastor”
    • Lament collateral damage of battle against hirelings: preachers lack support

Lard

slide59
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy

  • Back to the Bible denominationalism
    • 1849 missionary society Cincinnati, OH
    • 1859 L.L. Pinkerton: instrumental music Midway, KY

Pinkerton

slide60
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy

  • Changing mind-set 1875-1900
    • Holy days
    • Church sponsor social events
    • Worldliness
    • Titles: Dr., Rev., Pastor
slide61
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy

  • Conservative protest: Daniel Sommer, Sand Creek, IL “Address & Declaration” 1889
    • Not fellowship brethren with “abominations”
    • Oppose “one-man, preacher-pastor”

Sommer

slide62
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy

  • Extreme view: all located preachers hirelings, one-man pastor system
  • Christian Church division forced conservatives to start over: itinerate work imperative!
slide63
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy

  • Balanced view: located preacher without abuse of one-man pastor system
    • J.D. Tant, itinerate preacher: Bible not bind if teach weekly, monthly, or yearly at a place

Tant

slide64
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy

  • Balanced view: located preacher without abuse of one-man pastor system
    • M.C. Kurfees, Campbell St. church, Louisville, KY 1886-1931: length of stay & wages not issue, but “the work he does”

Kurfees

slide65
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

E. Factional Voices Cause Division

  • Sommer moderated, endorsed “Can’t We Agree on Something?” (American Christian Review, 6-21-32)
    • Agree on pattern for New Testament church, liberty of conscience on located preacher & Bible college
slide66
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

E. Factional Voices Cause Division

  • Carl Ketcherside reaction: press harder
    • Declared Sommer senile
    • Pressed in Mission Messenger
    • Debated F.L. Colley, G.K. Wallace, Rue Porter, Sterl Watson, W.L. Totty, G.C. Brewer, etc.

Ketcherside

slide67
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

E. Factional Voices Cause Division

  • Leroy Garrett followed factional course
    • Debated Bill Humble (1954), George DeHoff (1955)
  • Ketcherside & Garrett swung to extreme ecumenicalism in mid to late 1950’s

Garrett

slide68
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

E. Factional Voices Cause Division

  • “Mutual edification” still alive, full of strife
  • Alive in Appalachian Mts. region 1980’s-90’s
    • Tom O’Neal-Roy Hall debate at Richlands, VA, O’Neal-Walter Bailey at Belfast, VA Oct. 1980
    • Ron Halbrook-Bill Dawson debate July 1985 at Upper Beech Creek church, Mingo Co., WV
  • Active around the world
slide69
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Word game
    • “Preach” & “teach” different actions, “gospel” & “doctrine” different messages
    • Preach gospel to sinners, teach saints doctrine
slide70
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Word game
    • If distinction so important, demonstrate:

Preach 5 minutes

Teach 5 minutes

slide71
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Proper definition & use of terms solve issue
  • Terms for preach & gospel
    • Acts 8:35 Announce good news (euangelizo)
    • Mk. 16:15 Good news (euangelion)
    • 2 Tim. 4:5 Evangelist (euangelistes)
slide72
35 Then Philip opened his mouth, and began at the same scripture, and preached unto him Jesus.
  • Acts 8:35 Announce good news (euangelizo)
  • Mk. 16:15 Good news (euangelion)

15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.

  • 2 Tim. 4:5 Evangelist (euangelistes)

5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.

slide73
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Proper definition & use of terms solve issue
  • Terms for preach & gospel
    • 1 Cor. 2:4 Herald’s message (kerygma)
    • 2 Tim. 1:11 Herald of God’s Word (kerux)
    • Mk. 16:15 Proclaim God’s Word (kerusso)
slide74
4 And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
  • 1 Cor. 2:4 Herald’s message (kerygma)
  • 2 Tim. 1:11 Herald of God’s Word (kerux)

11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.

  • Mk. 16:15 Proclaim God’s Word (kerusso)

15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.

slide75
THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Proper definition & use of terms solve issue
  • Terms for teach & doctrine
    • 1 Tim. 4:6 Something taught (didaskalia)
    • Eph. 4:11 Teacher (didaskalos)
    • Matt. 5:2 To instruct (didasko)
    • Acts 2:42 Instruction (didache)
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6 If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine,
  • 1 Tim. 4:6 Something taught (didaskalia)
  • Eph. 4:11 Teacher (didaskalos)

11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

  • Matt. 5:2 To instruct (didasko)

2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them,

  • Acts 2:42 Instruction (didache)

42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Terms used as synonyms
    • Acts 5:42 Teach (didasko), preach (euangelizo)
    • 1 Tim. 2:7 Preacher (kerus), teacher(disdaskalos)
    • Matt. 4:23; 9:35 Teach (didasko) & preach (kerusso): gospel (euangelion) object of verbs
    • Mk. 3:14; 6:12, 30 Preach (kerusso) & teach (didasko): “all things” object of verbs
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42 And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ.
  • Acts 5:42 Teach (didasko), preach (euangelizo)
  • 1 Tim. 2:7 Preacher (kerus), teacher(disdaskalos)

7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.

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23 And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom…
  • Matt. 4:23; 9:35 Teach (didasko) & preach (kerusso): gospel (euangelion) object of verbs

35 And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom...

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14 And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach,
  • Mk. 3:14; 6:12, 30 Preach (kerusso) & teach (didasko): “all things” object of verbs

12 And they went out, and preached that men should repent.

30 And the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things, both what they had done, and what they had taught.

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Terms used as synonyms
    • Rom. 2:21 Teach (didasko), preach (kerusso): comprehensive content of message

21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Terms used as synonyms
    • Rom. 1:15 Preach (euangelizo) to established church: comprehensive message

15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also.

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • Terms used as synonyms
    • Col. 1:5 Word, truth, gospel: synonyms

5 For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel;

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction

  • 1 Tim. 6:4-5 Word games destructive!

4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay

  • Sin for preacher to locate with established church & sin for church to provide stipulated salary
  • Decisions on length of stay & how to pay: judgment, liberty
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay

  • Length of stay depends on situation
    • Acts 11:26 Paul stayed “a whole year”
    • Acts 18:11 Paul stayed “a year & six months”
    • Acts 20:31 Paul stayed “three years”
    • Acts 8:40; 21:8 Philip stayed 20 years
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay

  • Locate with established church
    • 1 Tim. 1:3 Timothy: “abide still” at Ephesus
    • False claim: allowed only if elders corrupt
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay

  • Accuse located preacher as one-man pastor & hireling: usurps elders’ authority for gain!
    • 1 Tim. 6:4 Error’s tactic: “evil surmisings”

4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay

  • Accuse Paul of “hireling system”?
    • 1 Cor. 9:14 Preachers “live of the gospel”

14 Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay

  • Accuse Paul of “hireling system”?
    • 1 Cor. 9:14 Preachers “live of the gospel”
      • Quibble: Paul not supported at Corinth—answer: context says because of expediency
      • False claim: Apply only to “called” inspired men—where in text or context???
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay

  • Accuse Paul of “hireling system”?
    • 2 Cor. 11:8 “Wages:” pay, provisions, stated recompense

8 I robbed other churches, taking wages of them, to do you service.

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay

  • Arrangements for stay & pay not legislated: matters of judgment settled between preacher & local church
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

H. Main Arguments: Evangelistic Oversight

  • “Mutual edification” theory includes theory of evangelistic oversight:
    • Evangelist can stay with a church if no elders
    • He oversees church until appoints elders; power to dismiss bad elders
    • He can oversee multiple churches
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

H. Main Arguments: Evangelistic Oversight

  • Misuse of Tit. 1:5
    • Tit. 1:5 Teach qualifications & appointment process, not singlehanded!

5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

H. Main Arguments: Evangelistic Oversight

  • Misuse of Tit. 1:5
    • Tit. 1:5 Teach qualifications & appointment process, not singlehanded!
      • Acts 6:1-6 Apostles teach qualifications, church selects men, then Apostles appoint
      • Uninspired evangelists given more authority than inspired Apostles???
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

H. Main Arguments: Evangelistic Oversight

  • Timothy taught respect for elders, not given power to dismiss them
    • 1 Tim. 5:17-19 Give double honor
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17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.

18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.

  • 1 Tim. 5:17-19 Give double honor
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

H. Main Arguments: Evangelistic Oversight

  • Promoters of evangelistic oversight create one-man pastors, little popes— yet accuse others of one-man pastor system
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

I. Main Arguments: Mutual Edification Legislated

  • Claim: mutual edification system required
  • Argue: no example of located preacher
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Main Arguments: Mutual Edification Legislated

  • Misuse Eph. 4:16 on mutual edification system
    • Eph. 4:16 Edify one another

16 From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

I. Main Arguments: Mutual Edification Legislated

  • Misuse Eph. 4:16 on mutual edification system
    • Basic error: equate edify & preach
    • If edify is only preach, women must preach!
    • 1 Cor. 12:18-19 Whole church not a mouth

18 But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him.

19 And if they were all one member, where were the body?

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

I. Main Arguments: Mutual Edification Legislated

  • Misuse Eph. 4:16 on mutual edification system
    • Edify not limited to preach, men, or assembly
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role

I. Main Arguments: Mutual Edification Legislated

  • Located preacher authorized but not specified
    • 1 Tim. 3:15; 2 Tim. 4:2 authorize preaching, methods & details not specified
    • 1 Tim. 1:3 authorizes locate (church had elders)
    • 1 Cor. 9:14 authorizes support
    • 2 Cor. 11:8 authorizes stipulated wages
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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

IV. Use Our Gifts to Glorify Our King!

A. Christ Gave Gifts to Equip His People

  • Eph. 4:11-12Evangelists & pastors

11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

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THE ROLES OF

EVANGELISTS & PASTORS

IV. Use Our Gifts to Glorify Our King!

B. Satan Fights God’s Plan

C. Use Our Gifts

  • Serve Christ & each other
  • Serve with humble love & mutual patience
  • Serve & grow on right doctrinal foundation
  • Cooperate as members of one body
  • Use gifts for mutual growth in Christ
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