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THE COLLISION OF TWO WORLDS
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  1. THE COLLISION OF TWO WORLDS Instructor Carol Jean Cox

  2. THE COLLISION OF TWO OLD WORLDS • Two Separate Worlds • Europe In Transition • The First Americans • Exploration, and Conquest or Invasion and Genocide

  3. TWO SEPARATE WORLDS • Discovery of a New World? • Discovery = uninhabited • Invasion of an old world • New or Old? • New to explorers • Old to American Cultures • Two Separate Worlds • (Eastern Hemisphere & Western Hemisphere) • Until 1500AD – isolated by oceans • Distinct peoples, animals and plants • Geographic Orientation of Worlds (atlas)

  4. SETTLEMENT OF THE NEW WORLD • Geographic Orientation of European Settlement in the Americas • English Colonies of North America (atlas) • Most of History 17A takes place within a 50 mile span of the East Coast • Colonial America was a narrow band of land 50 miles inland from Maine to Florida • 1607 - settlement began (Jamestown) • 1804 - first crossing to the Pacific (Lewis & Clark)

  5. THE COLLISION OF TWO OLD WORLDS • Two Separate Worlds • Europe In Transition • The First Americans • Exploration & Conquest or Invasion & Genocide

  6. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Events critical for the discovery of America occurred during the period of 500 to 1500 AD Timeline 0 AD 500 1500 2000 Anno Domini Roman New World ChristEmpire Fell Discovered Ancient History Middle History Modern History

  7. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • 1000 years of this structure • How long have we been here? Timeline 0 AD 500 1500 2000 Anno Domini Roman New World ChristEmpire Fell Discovered Ancient History Middle History Modern History

  8. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Feudalism • Crusades • B lack Death • Formation of Nation States • Emergence of Capitalism

  9. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Feudalism – • What was feudalism? • organization of the society • Three classes • Nobility (Kings, Queens) & Lords • Clergy (church) • Serfs (everyone else) • Classes didn’t integrate • Church (which one?) • Controlling element of society

  10. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Feudalism • Crusades • B lack Death • Formation of Nation States • Emergence of Capitalism

  11. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Crusades • What were the Crusades? • Ended isolation by creating demand for trade with the outside world • New ideas/products introduced to Europe • Demand created for trade with the outside world • Isolation ended

  12. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Feudalism • Crusades • B lack Death • Formation of Nation States • Emergence of Capitalism

  13. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • B lack Death (Bubonic Plague) • Infestation 1347-1500 • Carried by rats coming on ships or camel caravans from Asia (fleas on rats) • 2-5 Days - painful enlargement of lymph gland infection in groin (Bubonic= Greek for groin), throat, arms,vomiting & death • Black splotches on skin • Filth in the cities (open sewers) promoted spread of disease

  14. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • B lack Death (Bubonic Plague) • Social Change introduced due to death rate • Labor shortage in the serfs • Serfs demand higher wages • NOBILITY - Loss of Power • KINGS - Increase in Power • CLERGY - loss of people & power • SERFS - wage increase & power

  15. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Feudalism • Crusades • B lack Death • Formation of Nation States • Emergence of Capitalism

  16. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Formation of Nation States • Discussion: What is a country? nation? state? • Political Arrangement • Europe at this time was fragmented without the political distinction of countries. • European history was a continual conflict of lords with vassals. • With the death of each lord the King’s power increased

  17. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Formation of Nation States • Change in the Political arrangement • King controls a larger geographical area • Consolidation of power • Nation States Formed • Spain, England France, Dutch, Portugal • Relate to countries of today • new states of modern world • countries of former USSR & Yugoslavia

  18. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Components of a Nation State • Land & boundary • Government • Commonality • Language or similar cultural characteristics • Independence (sovereignty) • Note in feudal times services were local & awareness limited. Soon wars & taxation became national.

  19. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Emergence of a new economic system • Economic Systems • What is an economic system • “a system that determines who gets what and how much” • Examples? • What is our economic system? • Capitalism • Money - a medium of exchange

  20. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Emergence of Capitalism • Middle Ages Economic System • What was the feudal economic system? • Barter & Trade • King taxes people in terms of products • Crusades - people became aware of products but couldn’t buy them without gold & silver (money)

  21. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Emergence of Capitalism • Capitalism • 1300’s starts to form - formed by 1500 • Most successful & productive system • Define capitalism • Free market • Goods & Services • Private Enterprise As opposed to the King’s total government authority

  22. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Characteristics of Capitalism • Individualism (competition stressed • Contrasted to communal living • Private Property • Ownership - not just land (examples) • Profit Motive • Supply & demand, regulates prices

  23. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Characteristics of Capitalism 4. Hire Labor (to meet demands) • Pay as little as possible • Productivity increases with workers - pay little & owners capital (money) increases • 1 in 6 children in U.S. today in poverty

  24. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Characteristics of Capitalism 5. Loan Money with interest • Capitalism lends out money usury • Free enterprise - more money generated • More money for taxes

  25. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Characteristics of Capitalism 6. Sanctity of Contract • Government provides sanctity of contract • Government has a contract with you “ Bill of Rights”

  26. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Characteristics of Capitalism • Individualism • Private Property • Profit Motive 4. Hire Labor 5. Loan Money with interest 6. Sanctity of Contract

  27. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Why are we discussing capitalism? • Capitalism is who we are. • Capitalism encourages individualism • Individualism and the America “ideal” • Individualism was not evident in the serfs

  28. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Why are we discussing capitalism? • Capitalism is who we are. • An unplanned system and in many ways uncontrolled • Any elements missing and it’s not pure capitalism

  29. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Emergence of Capitalism leads to a change in the feudal system • private property was only controlled by the nobility & lords • Originally serfs were seen as property • As the wealth of the serfs increased so did their ability to own private property

  30. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Emergence of Capitalism leads to a change in the feudal system • profit motive increased at the same time as the weakening of the church • Usury was considered a sin • Secular kings wanted increased productivity & taxes

  31. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Summary - pulling things together • The crusades shared ideas and created demand for world trade and a new economic system • A change in the structure of the Feudal System (Black Death) brought about a change in the political systems of Europe • A nation state is the only form of government organization that could have brought about capitalism and competition

  32. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Pulling things together • Italy controlled the trade with the east (geographic location) • Middlemen in an economic sense • How can we bypass Italy -> sail to the west • Enter Columbus • Sail west to reach the east

  33. EUROPE IN TRANSITION • Out of the Middle Ages • Feudalism • Crusades • B lack Death • Formation of Nation States • Emergence of Capitalism

  34. THE COLLISION OF TWO OLD WORLDS • Discovery of the New World • Europe In Transition • The First Americans • Exploration & Conquest or Invasion & Genocide

  35. THE COLLISION OF TWO WORLDS Instructor Carol Jean Cox