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Developing Inclusive Financial Sector in Pakistan. The Fourth Annual Conference on Management of the Pakistan Economy, Ensuring Stable and Inclusive Growth Lahore School of Economics, 24 April 2008 Haroon Sharif Senior Adviser (Growth and Financial Sector)

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developing inclusive financial sector in pakistan

Developing Inclusive Financial Sector in Pakistan

The Fourth Annual Conference on Management of the Pakistan Economy, Ensuring Stable and Inclusive Growth

Lahore School of Economics, 24 April 2008

Haroon Sharif

Senior Adviser (Growth and Financial Sector)

Department for International Development, UK

financial sector success story
Financial Sector Success Story
  • 80% financial sector privatised
  • Non-performing portfolio reduced
  • Private sector credit up by 400bn in 5 yrs
  • SME now account 16% of total advances
  • Rise in agriculture credit
  • Aggregate borrower have risen from 2.2mn to 4.6mn in 2006
  • New housing loans of 70bn
  • So, how inclusive is the financial sector?
how inclusive is financial sector
How Inclusive is Financial Sector?
  • Only 5mn borrowers - 20mn depositors
  • Credit to GDP ration is 30% (India:40%, Indonesia:50%, Thailand: 75%)
  • 15% of population has bank accounts
  • 171 deposit accounts per 1000 people
  • 30 loan accounts per 1000 people (Bangladesh:479, Nepal:184, India:117)
  • Only 1.2mn microfinance borrowers
  • No access to formal finance in rural areas
  • Massive regional inequalities in terms of financial access
life insurance penetration of gdp
Life Insurance Penetration - % of GDP

Source: Swiss Re Sigma reports

pakistan financial access
Pakistan: Financial Access

Informal (ROSCAs, Moneylenders etc)

Banks

Excluded

Formalother

A purely speculative band based on SBP figures for financial services and the Poverty and Social Impact Assessment of Microfinance Policies (2006).

sizing the lower end market

27.6

52.7

20.8

Sizing the Lower End Market

Centre for Research on Poverty Reduction and Income Distribution (CRPRID) &

Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2000 – 2001.

financial inclusion targets
Financial Inclusion Targets

US$ 7

Billion

(b) Growth Stimulus

1

0m

Savings 25%

Options

Debt

5

m

Active Borrowers

50%

(a) Remove Growth Cap

Yields of 30%

Equity

25%

As Is

Growth Cap

2000

2006

2010

key lessons time for a policy shift
Key Lessons – Time for a Policy Shift
  • Wider outreach of finance is critical for stability, sustainable and inclusive growth;
  • Market based solutions are sustainable;
  • Directed credit has not worked;
  • Subsidies do not achieve scale;
  • Need to mobilise indigenous resources;
  • Microfinance alone will not achieve scale;
  • Branchless banking can reduce costs;
  • Financial innovation should be encouraged.