Geography & Maps. Location & Distribution. Population 1. Population 2. Migration. $100. $100. $100. $100. $100. $200. $200. $200. $200. $200. $300. $300. $300. $300. $300. $400. $400. $400. $400. $400. $500. $500. $500. $500. $500. $600. $600. $600. $600. $600.
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Location & Distribution
“The smaller the number in the denominator, the __________ the scale.”
“The smaller the number in the denominator, the larger the scale.” (And the larger the scale, the more detail).
Greek roots: geo means “earth” and graphy means “writing”
Something on the map that tells us the relationship between the size of something on the map to its size in the real world
5. This person founded modern physical geography and this person founded modern cultural geography.
Alexander Von Humboldt
These steps make up the projection process.
Shape (not area).
(The Mercator projection – a conformal projection – preserves shape and distorts area. On the other hand, the Goode projection – an equal-area projection, preserves area.)
8. These are the 4 spatial properties that become distorted during the projection of the 3-D earth to a 2-D map.
9. In remote sensing, instruments record this and convert it into an image.
Electromagnetic radiation (wavelengths)
10. This line represents zero degrees of longitude and runs through Europe and Africa.
GPS is the Global Positioning System and it gives location by getting signals from satellites orbiting the earth. GIS involves computer cartography and database management.
13. This is the definition of density, and this is the definition of arithmetic density.
Density: the frequency with which something occurs in space.
Arithmetic density: the total number of objects in an area.
The global grid and US PLSS
(not functional or vernacular)
16. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, this toponym was changed to St. Petersburg.
The human imprint on the physical world.
19. This part of the global grid system measures angular distance east and west, and is based on time.
If it is 6 pm at the Prime Meridian, what is the longitude of a place where it is 2 pm?
60 degrees west
21. You depart from the U.S. on a Thursday and fly to China. When you cross the IDL, it is this day of the week.
Hierarchial: the spread of an idea from a person with authority
Contagious: rapid, widespread diffusion of something
Stimulus: the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic fails to diffuse.
23. These countries have the highest populations in the world. These are the populations in order.
China: 1.3 billion
India: 1 billion
U.S.: 300 million
24. The world population reached 1 billion in ______, 2 billion in ______, and 3 billion in ______.
Portion of the earth with permanent human settlement.
26. In arable regions, you would see this kind of population density (high or low).
This is the equation for calculating population change at the sub-global scale.
P2007 = P2006 + B – D + I – E
28. These are the 4 largest population clusters in the world, in order.
A map that shows size of the country based on size of population.
30. Europe and East Asia are two regions where the CBR is ______ (high or low).
Breast feeding, STDs, nutrition, age at first marriage, spousal separation.
CBR is based on the whole population; TFR just on women.
How does world CBR compare to world CDR?
World CBR is very different north and south of the n-s split, with higher CBR in the south. CDR is more variable, with high CDR in Europe and low CDR in several places south of the split.
Describe Stage 1 of the demographic transition model.
CBR and CDR high, but variable. Low RNI. No country in this stage today.
37. A population pyramid with a narrow base and a broad top represents this kind of population.
English economist. Argued that population would exceed food supply.
Approximately the same number of prereproducers and reproducers. Fewer postreproducers.
Population growth is not the cause of poverty – it’s the system.
RNI = 1.6%
43. Many MDCs are in this stage of the demographic transition model.
Stage 3: CBR low, CDR low, RNI low
Resettlement in a third country
Emigration of skilled and talented people.
Why does Australia not accept West Papuan refugees?
Because the Indonesian president demanded that Australia turn them away. They are controlled by the government of Indonesia.
52. Describe immigration to the U.S. between 1900 and 1910, and between 1910 and 1940:
1900-1910: increase, people from S and E Europe and Asia
1910-1940: decrease, WWI, laws barring immigration, Great Depression, and WWII
NY and NJ
Texas, Florida, & Illinois
55. How has the center of U.S. population shifted? Where was the center in 2000?