Research Skills for Dissertations:2013 Sue Bird Bodleian Subject Librarian Geography
Cloud computing Oxford Libraries Information Platform Cloud computing e-Journals e-Books Literature & Data Search Engines The digital architecture facilitating research & study Subscription Dbases Course Information Management Policies & Guidelines Data & File Sharing On-line data bases Data Portals (expanding) Research Skills Tool Kits Science & Ideas Media Networking, Communication & Living Data Visualisation Tools Data Mining & workflow tools OxFile SoGE Intranet Reference Management Tools OUCS Personal Page Science Blogs Oxford iTunes U PodOxford You & Your Devices (and WiFi connection – Eduroam, OWL) Note: commercial products cited merely represent commonly used services rather than endorsements
This session • How to cite sources correctly & therefore avoid plagiarism • How to use Reference Management Software • SOLO & OXLIP+ • Reference works • Google Scholar v. Bibliographic Databases • Searching Techniques & Keeping up to date
Avoiding Plagiarism "...You must always indicate to the examiners when you have drawn on the work of others; other people's original ideas and methods should be clearly distinguished from your own, and other people's words, illustrations, diagrams etc. should be clearly indicated regardless of whether they are copied exactly, paraphrased, or adapted... ...The University reserves the right to use software applications to screen any individual's submitted work for matches either to published sources or to other submitted work. Any such matches respectively might indicate either plagiarism or collusion... ...Although the use of electronic resources by students in their academic work is encouraged, you should remember that the regulations on plagiarism apply to on-line material and other digital material just as much as to printed material..." Section 9.5 Proctors' and Assessor's Memorandum
Good academic practice So follow the citation principles and practices in place in your subject area, develop a rigorous approach to academic referencing, and avoid inadvertent plagiarism. Be uniform in your referencing system:- Probably use the Harvard system as suggested on the School’s web-site – but whatever you do use – just be consistent https://intranet.ouce.ox.ac.uk/undergraduate/fhs/dissertation/referencing.html
Citing your references Just a few of the more common points • An article in an online journal which also exists in print should be cited in the same way as print. • To cite something which only exists electronically, e.g. a web site, follow special rules which include the date viewed. • A specific quote must include the page reference in the citation.
Citation practice A large number of manuals are available to give guidance and sound practice. • 1:Doing a literature review / Chris Hart (London, 1998) [H 62 HAR ] • 2:Manual for writers / Kate Turabian (7th ed. Chicago, 2007) [LB 2369 TUR ] • 3:Communicating in geography & the environmental sciences / Ian Hay (3rd ed. Oxford, 2006) [G 70 HAY ] • 4:Cite them right /Pears & Shields (2010 ed.) [LB 2369 PEA] • 5: Complete guide to referencing & avoiding plagiarism / Neville (2nd ed. 2010) – available on-line via E.B.L.
References / Bibliography Organize your research and manage your database of references • Import references from many different data sources including direct from databases like Scopus or Web of Knowledge, or library catalogues like SOLO. • Store links to documents – pdf’s, images, etc. • Include citations while you write your paper • Build a bibliography in a variety of styles and in different document formats (Word, RTF, HTML, etc.)
Reference Management Systems RefWorks (web based – access your records anywhere - free to members of university – even after you leave) • ProCite, Reference ManagerandEndNote (works without web access – software needs to be installed on own machine – charge of c£87 from IT Services in Banbury Rd. (OUCS) • EndNoteon the Web (free to members of university, but has limited feature set – designed to be used alongside desktop version) • Zotero is a free plug-in for Firefox browser (only) – limited but growing capability • Mendeley, etc.
E-Journals I didn't check for the hard copy - so used to getting online access! “I had just googled the article rather than using SOLO, so that was the issue & why I’d been asked to login, or use Athens or pay a fee”
Newspapers Electronic newspapers • Some are freely available. Alphabetic list on OxLIP+ • Best source for the “Text Only” of huge range of newspapers and magazines is Nexis UK. Goes back approximately 10 yrs in most cases and is very current i.e. today’s daily news items
Newspapers Electronic newspapers • Factiva - from Dow Jones & Reuters Company • Business news & challenges, market trends & info. • 14,000 + sources inc. local & global newspapers, newswires, trade journals, newsletters, etc. • Archive back to 1969 - 28 languages from 159 countries • Dun & Bradstreet company profiles, Reuters Fundamentals, etc.
Newspapers Legal information, cases etc. • Lexis Library • WestLaw – both UK & US editions • But there are a lot more (if necessary ask the Law Library for help)
Dissertation Techniques • Use SOLO or OxLIP+ to access • Reference tools • Abstracting and Indexing services
Reference Sources General reference tools • CREDO Reference : Reference works incl. Dictionaries, encyclopaedias etc • International Encyclopedia of Human Geography • Dictionaries. OED; Oxford Reference On-line
Bodleian Maps http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/maps http://ox.libguides.com/finding-maps http://libguides.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/geography
E-books Reference books • Blackwell Reference Online • SAGE Reference Online • SAGE Research Methods Online Text books • EBL (officially) the E-Book Library • NetLibrarynow hosted by EBSCOhostEbook Collection • Oxford Scholarship Online • Taylor & Francis Online eBooks Library
SOLO and Oxford e-journals cover Oxford holdings only by title • Better to use specialist indexes covering the world’s literature to find articles • Access via OxLIP+ • Use inter-library loan for items not held in Oxford and not online Subject searching
Bibliographic Databases • Excellent for locating journal articles , book chapters and book reviews (NB. References only,) • General or specific subject coverage • Different interfaces but similar functionality • Not tied to library holdings • Frequently will provide a link to full text
Google is fast • Very fast • Proudly fast • Tells you how fast • Found SoGEhome page in 0.13 secs • Also found 26,600,000 other ‘relevant’ pages • But put home page first • Brilliant - How does it do it? • Not telling….