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Typical Axis I Disorders Source: Wade and Tavris. Spinrad /Psychology. Anxiety Disorders. Generalized anxiety disorder: continuous, uncontrollable anxiety, feeling of foreboding and dread Posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD): reliving the trauma

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anxiety disorders
Anxiety Disorders
  • Generalized anxiety disorder: continuous, uncontrollable anxiety, feeling of foreboding and dread
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD): reliving the trauma
  • Panic disorder: recurring attacks of intense fear or panic with feeling s of impending doom or death
anxiety disorders cont
Anxiety disorders (cont)
  • Phobias: an exaggerated fear of a specific situation, activity, or thing
    • Agoraphobia: being away from a safe place, usually home
    • Arachnophobia: fear of spiders
    • Claustrophobia: fear of being in enclosed spaces
anxiety disorders cont1
Anxiety disorders (cont)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): recurrent, persistent, unwished-for thoughts or images (obsessions) and repetitive, ritualized, stereotyped behaviors that the person feels compelled to carry out (compulsions)
    • May involve an organic (biological) cause involving the brain’s “alarm” system
mood disorders
Mood Disorders
  • Range from extreme depression to extreme mania
mood disorders cont
Mood Disorders (cont)
  • Major Depression
    • Widespread
    • Involves emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and physical changes that disrupt ordinary functioning for six months or longer
    • Despairing, hopeless
    • Suicidal ideation
    • Unable to do normal things
    • Exaggerate failings
    • Sleep, eating, and concentration problems
mood disorders cont1
Mood Disorders (cont)
  • Mania: an abnormally high state of exhilaration
    • Opposite symptoms from depression
    • Occasionally psychotic symptoms

Bipolar disorder: alternating between periods of depression and periods of mania

drug abuse and addiction
Drug Abuse and Addiction
  • Biological versus Learning Models
  • Alcohol most prevalent
  • Other types include gambling
schizophrenia
Schizophrenia
  • Active/positive symptoms involve a distortion of thinking and behavior
    • Bizarre delusions
    • Hallucinations
    • Disorganized, incoherent speech
    • Grossly inappropriate and disorganized behavior
schizophrenia cont
Schizophrenia (cont)
  • Negative symptoms involve the loss of normal traits or abilities such as the ability to speak fluently and feel warm emotions
    • Loss of motivation
    • Emotional flatness
    • Impoverished speech
    • Social withdrawal