Prejudice and Stereotyping. Important Definitions. Ethnocentrism Stereotypes Prejudice and Racism Ethnic and Other Prejudices Allport (1954) Discrimination Clark & Clark, 1953; Beuf, 1977. Ethnocentrism (Wade and Tavris, 1999).
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Chinese word for China = Center of the World
Navajo term for selves = “The People”
Manifested in beliefs that 1 sex, ethnicity, religion, school, community, country, SES, etc. is better than another
Distortions Created by Stereotypes
Accentuation of group differences
Production of selective perception
Underestimation of within group differencesStereotypes(Wade and Tavris 2000)
1946 The Northside Child Development Center in Harlem
Clark & Clark, 1953 Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka
1977 Beuf, A. Biting Off the Bracelet: Red Children in White America
Beauty is the BeastSocial Consequences of Prejudice and Discrimination
(Amir, 1994; Brewer, 1986; Kohn, 1992; Stephan & Brigham, 1985; Stephan & Stephan, 1992)