Oct. 15-16 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Oct. 15-16
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Oct. 15-16

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  1. Oct. 15-16 • Warm-up: Define  • Agree/Disagree • Quiz over Accomplishments of Islam • Notes/Map over Rise of African Civilizations • Video on Mansa Mansu and Ibn Battuta • Bantu • subsistence farming • matrilineal • Swahili

  2. Agree/Disagree • The first Africans to convert to Islam were the poor. • Ibn Battuta was a famous world traveler who provided a lot information about the region. • Ghana, Mali and Songhai became rich through gold and salt trade. • Mali ruler Mansa Musa rejected Islam.

  3. Rise of African Civilizations

  4. Spread of Islam • Traditional African society-tribal/clan loyalties • Caliphs bring Islam to N. Africa • Spread south and to Berber tribes in West Africa

  5. Converting to Islam • First converts of Islam were rulers of kingdoms • Valuable tool for authority • Monotheistic (polytheistic society) • Conversion slow by masses

  6. Kingdoms connected to outside world through trade and Hajj • Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca • IbnBattuta – famous world traveler. Major source of info on region • Stimulatedexpansion of trade

  7. Spread of Islam to East Africa • Due to trade in Indian Ocean • Swahili developed as new language • Combination of African dialects and Arabic

  8. Trans-Saharan gold and salt trade • Made West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali and Songhai very rich • Led to building of great learning centers (Timbuktu, Mali)

  9. Mansa Musa • Ruler of Mali, wealthiest of his day • Completed Hajj • Increased connections between Arab and West Africa and spread Islam

  10. Bantu Tribes • Subsistence farmers • Migrated across southern Africa searching for food • Spread agriculture, ironworking, language and culture • Zimbabwe: major kingdom • Prospered due to trade with Muslims

  11. Indian Ocean trade • Stretched from East African coast to Middle East, India, Indonesia • Included ivory, gold and slaves

  12. African Slave Trade • Traded slaves to Middle East • Used as soldiers, servants and laborers • Spices, silk, etc. traded back from Asia to Africa and Middle East

  13. Slavery in African societies • Resulted in war, crime or debt • Rarely lifelong • Could become member of tribe • Not hereditary

  14. Role of Women • Lost rights, especially as slave trade increased • Fear of being traded led women to stay in home • Matrilineal society • Polygamy practiced • Women-subordinate • Primary task • Have children • Increase matrilineal group • Work in fields