Types of S hips. Container ships. Types of ships - introduction. Two broad categories: 1. Cargo ships General cargo Break Bulk - cargo that may be affixed to a pallet. Palletised cargo facilitates the loading into the ship by crane or derrick.
Two broad categories:
pallet. Palletised cargo facilitates the loading into
the ship by crane or derrick.
with the other subcategories of break-bulk cargo
& containerised cargo.
ii. Bulk cargo
Clinker- a loose, black deposit that can consist of coke, coal, slag, charcoal, or grit & other waste materials.
Slag - waste material produced when coal is dug from the earth, or a substance produced by mixing .
Coke - what is left after coal is heated & the gas and tar removed, which is burnt as a fuel.
Molasses - a thick dark brown liquid made from sugar plants used in cooking,
Gravel - small rounded stones, often mixed with sand.
Grit - small pieces of stone or sand.
& the means necessary for the propulsion of the ship: machinery & fuel tanks.
to be transported.
carriers) the construction is used wherein ballast is loaded in order to control the gravity & prevent problems related to a shallow draft.
e.g. shallow draft causes problems:
the propulsion performance & an increase in the load fluctuation on the propeller & main
engine (propeller racing),
standardised carrying box, or container at 20 feet long (the TEU = 20 foot equivalent unit) allowed for vessels to be designed to carry these standard sized boxes,
than 8m³ (rigid or collapsible) suitable for repeated use
in the carriage of materials in bulk or package form and
capable of transfer between one or more forms of transport,
fibre-glass or combinations of these.
Containers carried in:
ensure that they will not shift.
20 foot (20’) & 40 foot (40’)
Fully enclosed with strong, rigid walls.
One of the walls adapted to create a door opening.
The 20 foot shipping container dimensions are categorised:
The 20 foot intermodal container sizes:
Standard External / Internal sizes (metric)
Thermal container or reefer
(interior insulation on the doors,
roof, floor & walls)
Flat rack or platform container
No fixed walls or any load-carrying
& distribution of wood
or other heavy objects
Tank or dry bulk container
for food, liquid or sensitive freight