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1920s Politics. Reactions to Change. Opening Questions. What was the nature of politics and the role of government between 1900 and 1916? How and why did WWI create a resistance to change?. I. Women in Politics. 19 th Amendment Women’s organizations Women’s causes Jeannette Rankin (1916).

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1920s politics

1920s Politics

Reactions to Change

opening questions
Opening Questions
  • What was the nature of politics and the role of government between 1900 and 1916?
  • How and why did WWI create a resistance to change?
i women in politics
I. Women in Politics
  • 19th Amendment
  • Women’s organizations
  • Women’s causes
  • Jeannette Rankin (1916)
sheppard towner act
Sheppard-Towner Act
  • Subsidized medical clinics
  • State welfare
  • Significantly lowered infant mortality
  • By late 1920s, program ended
peace freedom
Peace & Freedom
  • Mobilized during the war, though ignored
  • WILPF (Peace & Freedom)
  • Causes:
    • Denounced imperialism
    • Proposed social justice
    • Opposed militarism
  • Came under fire during the First Red Scare
women voters
Women Voters
  • Lobbyists: temperance, child welfare, workers’ rights
  • Difficulty gaining access to positions in either Republican or Democratic parties
  • Did not vote as a bloc
ii republican normalcy
II. Republican Normalcy
  • Backlash against Progressivism
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff (1922)
  • Hoover’s Commerce Dept
    • Trade assoc.
    • Industry standards
    • Stable prices/wages
  • Fewer Anti-trust cases (Taft)
  • Evade international affairs
  • Isolationist Trade Policies
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact (1929)
    • War “illegal”
  • Labor Unions discouraged
    • Membership declined 30%
business government
Business & Government

The

Business

Of

America is Business

failure of gov t assistance
Failure of Gov’t Assistance
  • Farm prices fell
  • Cut in taxes = cut in government spending
  • McNary-Haugen farm bills (1927 and 1928) vetoed by Coolidge
  • States still sought progressive solutions, but federal gov’t resisted
iii political corruption
III. Political Corruption
  • Harding’s Death
  • Cronyism
    • Ohio Gang
  • Teapot Dome Scandal
  • Charles Forbes
  • Harry Daugherty
dollar diplomacy
Dollar Diplomacy
  • Private banks made foreign loans
    • Eg: Bolivia
  • Central America
  • Dollar Diplomacy seen as racist (by women & African-American leaders)