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Review – Day 3

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  1. Review – Day 3 • 1st/2nd Great Awakening • Upsurge of Nationalism (1812-1824) • Judicial Nationalism • 19th Century Reform • Sectional Conflict

  2. Upsurge of Nationalism (1812-1824) • War of 1812 • Often called the Second War for Independence • Country was unprepared (decentralized gov.) • Battle of New Orleans • Treaty of Ghent • Americans came out of the war with a renewed sense of nationalism. • Peace opened the door for nation building

  3. Nationalism (Expansion) • Adams – Onis Treaty – Spain relinquished Florida • The American System (1815) • Henry Clay • Banking, tariff, roads/canals • James Monroe’s Presidency – The Era of Good Feeling • Serious problems were brewing (Missouri Compromise (1820)

  4. Judicial Nationalism • The Marshall Court continued to strengthen the federal government. • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) – federal supremacy/implied powers. • Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) – Constitution protected contracts. • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) – Congress can regulate commerce.

  5. 19th Century Reform • Second Great Awakening (Revivalism – 1790s) • Save humanity from its own worst impulses. • American Temperance Society • Horace Mann – Public Schools • Dorothea Dix – Prisons • Elijah Lovejoy – abolition • William Lloyd Garrison – abolition, Liberator • Seneca Falls • Elizabeth Cady Stanton • Grimke Sisters

  6. Reform II • Utopian Communities • Shakers (celibacy) • Onieda Community (free love) • Brook Farm • Transcendentalism – Emerson, Thoreau

  7. Sectional Conflict • Mexican War • Wilmot Proviso • Free-Soil Movement • Compromise of 1850 (Fugitive Slave Law) • Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) • Stephen Douglas • Bleeding Kansas (John Brown, Brooks/Sumner) • Republican Party • Uncle Tom’s Cabin • Dred Scott • Election of 1860