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The French Revolution
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  1. The French Revolution 1789-1815

  2. The Old Regime • First Estate • Second Estate • Third Estate

  3. Causes of the Revolution • Governmental debt • Poor leadership • Heavy taxes • Enlightenment ideas • Desire for privileges • Gap between rich and poor • Poor harvest and high bread prices

  4. Revolution Dawns • Calling the Estates- General • Formation of the National Assembly • Tennis Court Oath • Storming of the Bastille • Great Fear

  5. Tennis Court Oath

  6. The Fall of the Bastille

  7. Reforming France • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizen • A State- Controlled Church • Louis XVI’s attempt to escape • New constitution- new assembly- Legislative Assembly • Three Political Groups are Formed Louis XVI

  8. War and Extreme Measures • Europe’s fear • Execution of the King, his wife and millions • Robespierre’s Reign of Terror

  9. Guillotine

  10. Louis XVI’s execution

  11. Napoleon Builds an Empire • Military Background • Rises in status • Coup d’Etat • Restores Order in France and Declares Himself Emperor • Creation of his Empire

  12. Bonaparte crossing the Alps.Painting by Louis David

  13. Napoleon Bonaparte needed money for France to fight two wars. Napoleon offered to sell all of Louisiana to the United States. The price was $15,000,000 for more than 800,000 square miles. The purchase doubled the size of the United States.

  14. Coronation of Napoleon by Pope Pius VII, 1804.Painting by Louis David

  15. Napoleon, Emperor of France, at his coronation.Painting by Ingres

  16. Empress Josephine at Malmaison, 1799.Painting by Francois Gerard

  17. Napoleon’s Three Costly Mistakes • Continental System • Peninsular War • Russian Invasion

  18. The Continental System 1806-1810

  19. Napoleon’s Demise • European Coalition brings him down • Exiled to Elba • Hundred Days • Exiled to St. Helena Napoleon I After his Abdication by Paul Delaroche

  20. Congress of Vienna Convenes • Klemens von Metternich • Three Goals of the Congress • Prevent future French aggression • Balance of Power • Legitimacy • Alliances formed • Concert of Europe- series of alliances to prevent outbreak of revolutions • Holy Alliance- leaders of Russia, Prussia, & Austria

  21. Long term Legacy of Congress • Alliance system • Revolutions in Latin America • Power of France decreased, power of Britain and Prussia increased • Growth of Nationalism- Italy, Germany & Greece • Old ideas of government discarded, ideals of democracy looks like the best way to go