Nuclear Power In China Shi Yang Calier123456@163.com
Contents 1 Introduction of Nuclear Power 2 Nuclear Power and Energy Security 3 Nuclear Power and Environment 4 Future of China’s Nuclear Power
Section 1Introduction of Nuclear power Qianshan NPP
Nuclear Power • Nuclear power, with clean, safe, high efficiency and economic characteristics, is one of the world's supporting energy as well as coal and oil. • Nuclear power (generally electricity) is produced from controlled nuclear.
What can we learn from the map? • All on the east coast in China • The number of China’s NPP is much smaller than that in US or EU
Status of China’s NPP 52.3 9.07 6 11 52.3 billion kWh - power generation capacity of 9.07 million kw at six plants 11 nuclear reactors
All the 11 reactors employ second-generation nuclear power technologies 3 4 Domestic Technology French Technology Reactors Techonology 11 Technology Reactors 2 2 Canadian Technology Russian Technology
Energy Security • China's energy security concerns the need for China to guarantee itself and its industries long term access to sufficient energy and energy raw materials. • China is making more efforts to develop new energy to ensure the country's energy security and boost economic growth
Nuclear power and Energy security Efficiency Convenience Diversity Energy Security
Diversity • China is trying to establish long-term energy security. This by investment in oil and gas fields abroad, and by diversifying its providers • Nuclear power is viewed by the current Administration as important, perhaps essential, to maintaining that diversity.
Nuclear power capacity and generationof the World Most of them in China
Source: Energy Information Administration, International Energy Outlook 2004, Appendix A, Page 170
Convenience • Nuclear power has an important role, especially in the coastal areas remote from the coalfields and where the economy is developing rapidly. Generally, nuclear plants can be built close to centers of demand, whereas suitable wind and hydro sites are remote from demand.
Convenience • Many inland nuclear power plants will be constructed in these interior province.
Efficiency Innovation is the key to nuclear power development. China is calling for enterprises to adopt advanced technology and enhance self-innovation. To improve the efficiency of its domestic energy markets. China is actively looking for smarter energy technology
SANMEN, Zhejiang, April 19 (Xinhua) -- China on Sunday started the construction of its first third-generation pressurized water reactors using AP 1000 technologies developed by U.S.-based Westinghouse. AP 1000 technologies
Climate change In China, the reliance on fossil fuels has led to much air pollution. The economic loss due to pollution is put by the World Bank at almost 6% of GDP. World Problem Climate Change-------emissions of greenhouse gases
National Action Plan on Climate Change • increasing the proportion of electricity generation from renewable energy sources and from nuclear power Very Important • increasing the efficiency of coal-fired power stations • the use of cogeneration • the development of coal-bed and coal-mine methane
Nuclear power as clean energy nuclear power 25 g CO2 equivalent per kWh fossil fuel 450-1250 g CO2 equivalent per kWh
China will do better and better • China has promised to reduce CO2 emission by 40-45% in 2020 compared to 2005 (26th Nov.2009)
Disaster of NPP Chernobyl Disaster Three Mile Island Accident
Nuclear Waste • Since China's nuclear industry is relatively new, nuclear waste is not a major concern. But, as in the United States or any other country, nuclear waste accumulates over time.
Nuclear Safety The State Environment Protection Agency (SEPA), independent of the nuclear industry, carries out supervision and management on nuclear safety and radiation environment of nuclear facilities：licensing management and routine monitoring. Relevant radioactive waste treatment facilities should be designed, constructed and operated simultaneously with facilities or practices producing radioactive wastes.
phases of waste management • reduction in output • categorized collection • purification and concentration, volume reduction and solidification • careful encapsulation, safe transportation • in-situ interim storage • concentrated disposal • controlled discharge
long and mid-term development plan • Nuclear power installed capacity will reach 40 million kw by 2020 and will generate 260 billion to 280 billion kilowatt hours of electricity each year, accounting for 4 to 6 percent of the country's total. and a further increase to more than 250 GW by 2030.
nuclear energy policy • 1. PWRs will be the mainstream but not sole reactor type. • 2.Nuclear fuel assemblies are fabricated and supplied indigenously. • 3.Domestic manufacturing of plant and equipment will be maximised, with self- reliance in design and project management. • 4.International cooperation is nevertheless encouraged.
A beautiful Future China will enjoy a wide prospect in nuclear power market.