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Day 31-33 Objectives. Evaluate the causes of the 30 Years War Chronicle the stages of the 30 Years War Analyze the political and religious reasons for countries entering the 30 Years War Evaluate the effects of the 30 Years war on Europe. 30 Years War is a story about a School Bully ↓.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Day 31-33

Objectives

  • Evaluate the causes of the 30 Years War
  • Chronicle the stages of the 30 Years War
  • Analyze the political and religious reasons for countries entering the 30 Years War
  • Evaluate the effects of the 30 Years war on Europe
slide2

30 Years War is a story

about a School Bully ↓

  • Hapsburg Austria will go on a religious mission (just like who?)
  • As the bullies try to use force to get their way, what can the little kids do?
    • What is created afterward?
    • And possibly a new ______ is created too!!

Hapsburg

slide3

War Facts

  • Timeframe ↓
  • Motives for fighting in the war will change over time
    • Early motives…
    • Late motives…
  • “Last War of Religion”
  • Revolves around what country?

1618 1623 1628 1633 1638 1643 1648

|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|

Rel

Pol

slide4

So many

countries

will get

involved

in this war

  • More on this later 
slide5

Causes ↑

of the war

slide6

Political Division

  • HRE = 300+ states
  • Who has the Political (and Religious) power over/inthe HRE? (2)
    • Nobles?
    • Holy Roman Emperor?
      • How is he picked?
  • Ethnically United?
slide7

Religious Division

  • How many religions? 
  • Who has Religious power over each “state’s” religion?
  • How is the map evolving religiously
slide8

Two Religious events create

problems

“Peace” of

Augsburg

(1555)

  • Princes can choose 2 religions for their lands…
  • Calvinism is NOT INCLUDED
  • But by 1618, there are many more Calvinists in the HRE…
  • Why is it the “Peace” of Augsburg?

slide9

The Second Event?

  • 1563, Council of Trent ends
  • What has gone on and continues to go on for decades after the Council of Trent?
  • Why can this be a problem?
slide10

Disagreement

on the future

of the HRE

What do

the German

Nobles want?

What does

The Austrian

Empire

(Hapsburgs)

Want?

slide11
Austrian Empire (Hapsburgs)

want politically and religiously unified HRE

German Nobles

Want to stay independent politically & religiously

Status quo

Disagreement on

the future of the HRE

slide12

The Spark

that starts

the Thirty

Years War!!

  • Hapsburg Ferdinand II
    • King x3, Emperor, Archduke
  • Educated by Jesuits!!!
  • __________ Catholic
  • Sounds a lot like someone else we’ve learned
slide15

Bohemian nobles (mostly Protestant) accept Ferdinand II as their king

  • Ferdinand II begins to do what Phillip II did to the Netherlands
  • Nobles = 

The Spark that

Starts the 30

Years War!!

slide16

Defenestration:

  • The act of throwing a person or thing out of a window
slide17

Defenestration

of Prague

starts the War

  • May 1618 - Protestant nobles threw 3 Royal Officials (of Ferdinand II) out of a Castle Window in Prague, Bohemia.
slide19

What

happened

to the 3

Royal

Officials?

slide20

The men's lives are saved!

By a pile of manure

in the castle’s moat!

slide21

After the

Defenestration

of Prague…

  • What do the Bohemian nobles do?
  • What does HRE do?
slide22

Two Halves of

the 30 Years War

  • Bohemian Phase (1618-1625)
  • Danish Phase (1625-1629)
  • Swedish Phase (1629-1635)
  • Franco-Swedish Phase (1635-1648)
slide23

Phase 1

Bohemian

Dutch

German

Nobles

Emperor

  • 1618-1625
  • Nobles back Frederick V of Palatinate

Spain

slide24

Phase 1 = Habsburg Victory

  • Ferdinand wins…
    • Takes land from Bohemian nobles and declares Bohemia Catholic
  • Spain wins some land too
  • Now who feels pressure?

Emperor

Spain

slide25

Phase 2

Danish

Denmark

Dutch

Dutch

German

Nobles

Emperor

  • 1625-1629
  • Denmark’s motives to join the German Nobles?

Spain

slide26

Phase 2 = Habsburg Victory

  • Denmark drops out
    • And loses land to the Hapsburgs
  • March 1629, Edict of Restitution
  • Now who feels pressure?

Emperor

slide28

Phase 3

Swedish

Sweden

Denmark

Dutch

Dutch

German

Nobles

Emperor

France

  • 1629-1635
  • Sweden’s motives?
  • 2 countries give $$
  • France?!?!?!?

Spain

slide29

France w/Protestants

Why?

  • Avoid Hapsburg suffocation
  • And create something..
slide30

Phase 3 = Protestant Victory

  • Sweden led by King GustavusAdolphus
    • KIA 1632
  • Edict of Restitution?

Emperor

slide31

“The Lion

of the

North”

slide32

Revolution?

  • Old?
  • New?
  • Cavalry?

Military Revolution

1560-1660

slide33

Phase 4

Franco-

Swedish

Sweden

Dutch

German

Nobles

Emperor

France

France

  • 1635-1648
    • 14 years of murder & mayhem in the HRE!!
  • France’s motives?

Spain

slide34

Phase 4 = FRENCH Victory

  • France goes on a rampage
    • Pummels Spain
    • Invades South Germany…huh?
  • 2 Independence Movements succeed
  • Peasants Revolts throughout the war
  • Everyone is exhausted from war
slide35

Peace of Westphalia 1648

Two Treaties to create overall peace in Europe

slide36

Winners?

Losers?

slide39

HRE the

Winner

1600

  • Nobles
    • HRE still 300+ independent states
    • Nobles have the power!!
      • Gov, Coinage, Religion, Foreign Policy
    • Peace of Augsburg?
      • Calvinism now allowed for princes

Who?

slide40

HRE the

Loser!!

1700

  • 200 years of Disunity!! (so?)
  • 30 years of fighting in a country will do what to it??
    • Millions of Germans (1/4 HRE pop) killed
    • German Towns and farmland pillaged and destroyed
    • Hans Grimmelshausen story
slide42

Death

in the

HRE

from

the

30

Years

War

slide43

Religion & Politics Split

  • German States all can choose their religions
    • Lutheran North
    • Calvinist Middle
    • Catholic South
  • Politiques were right!!
  • Religion is now a matter of personal choice
    • What was it before?
  • Europe progresses at a cost
slide45

The Wars of

Religion are

Complete too!!

  • Closing Question
  • Title = Lessons from WoR
  • What lessons did you learn from the WoR stories?
  • What lessons do you think are learned in 1650 by Europe?
  • Is this a dead story?
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