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Vietnam War Pictures. 1- Climate/Terrain of Vietnam. Humid, tropical climate Many Americans not used to this Viet Cong are used to it Huge advantage to opposition. 2- Viet Cong Soldiers. Blended in with rest of Vietnamese people Included children, women, etc.

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1 climate terrain of vietnam
1- Climate/Terrain of Vietnam
  • Humid, tropical climate
  • Many Americans not used to this
  • Viet Cong are used to it
  • Huge advantage to opposition
2 viet cong soldiers
2- Viet Cong Soldiers
  • Blended in with rest of Vietnamese people
  • Included children, women, etc.
  • Supported unification of Vietnam under communism
3 viet cong guerilla warfare
3- Viet Cong guerilla warfare
  • Used extensive tunnel system to move throughout different parts of Vietnam
  • Known for use of land mines
  • Definition- the use of hit-and run tactics by small, mobile groups of irregular forces operating in territory controlled by ahostile,regular force
4 american soldiers
4- American Soldiers
  • Young, innocent recent high school/college graduates
  • Initially excited for fighting
  • Many questioned why there were fighting the war
5 b 52s and saturation bombing
5- B-52s and Saturation bombing
  • U.S. armed forces most destructive way of fighting
  • Saturation- concentrated in one place
  • Often killed as many innocent civilians as enemy soldiers
6 agent orange
6- Agent Orange
  • Used as herbicidal warfare
  • Deadly gas often dropped in densely forested areas
  • Manufactured for U.S. armed forces by private chemical companies
  • Killed thousands, over 3 million people allegedly affected, livestock and crops affected as well
  • Many still affected today
  • Now illegal
7 napalm
7- Napalm
  • Gel-like substance that is very flammable
  • Used as bombs for United States
  • Dropped throughout Vietnam
8 gulf of tonkin resolution
8- Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • North Vietnam allegedly sank the U.S.S. Maddox- August 4, 1964
  • LBJ supported resolution to start American involvement in Vietnam War
  • Resolution- August 7, 1964
    • Almost unanimously agreed
9 tet offensive
9- Tet Offensive
  • 1US losses more than 1100, ARVN 2300
  • More than 12, 500 civilians killed
  • Devastating Effect on American public opinion – 78 percent of Americans said no progress was being made; 26 percent approved Johnson’s handling of the war
  • Increase in the credibility gap – Tet seemed to show LBJ’s progress offensive was an exaggeration, to some a lie – Kennedy speech
10 my lai massacre
10- My Lai Massacre
  • On March 16, 1968, the men of Charlie Company, 11th Brigade, America Division entered the village of My Lai. “This is what you’ve been waiting for--search and destroy-- and you’ve got it,” said their superior officers.
  • “Lieutenant Calley, for his part, was said to have rounded up a group of the villagers, ordered them into a ditch, and mowed them down in a blast of machine gun fire”
  • It took more than a year for the shocking story of the My Lai massacre to reach the news stands.
11 vietnamization
11- Vietnamization
  • Process of removing soldiers out of Vietnam
  • Remove American troops but continue to train South Vietnam
    • Hopefully they can win war
  • Took place from 1969-1973
  • Nixon did this because
    • Military advisors said that SV soldiers were ready
    • Pressure from American public
12 u s bombing of cambodia
12- U.S. Bombing of Cambodia
  • Fear of the domino theory
  • Viet Cong and North Vietnamese bases there
  • Since Vietnamization, we still need to help out
  • Nearly 500,000 civilian casualties from bombs
  • Cambodia ultimately fell to a communist regime
  • PR nightmare for Nixon!