VIETNAM WAR - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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VIETNAM WAR

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  1. VIETNAM WAR 13 YEARS OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN WARFARE 1962-1975

  2. EVENTS IN TIME • FRENCH FORCES CAPTURE AND TAKE OVER SAIGON IN 1859 • FRENCH WILL RULE VIETNAM FOR ALMOST 100 YEARS • HO CHI MINH IS BORN IN 1890

  3. FACES OF THE FUTUREHO CHI MINH-- JOHN F KENNEDY

  4. THE EARLY YEARS • HO CHI MINH • BECAME A LEADER OF THE VIETNAMESE YOUTH • IMPRISONED IN CHINA FOR HIS BELIEFS

  5. VIETNAM BECOMES INDEPENDENT • IN 1945 HO CHI MINH DECLARES THAT VIETNAM IS FREE AND IS AN INDEPENDENT NATION • FRANCE DECLARES WAR ON VIETNAM IMMEDIATELY • THE FIRST INDOCHINA WAR 1946-1954, IT WILL SET THE TONE

  6. VIETNAM SPLITS • VIETNAM IS DIVIDED AT THE 17TH PARALLEL, JUST AS KOREA HAD BEEN AT THE 38TH. • SOUTH VIETNAM RULED BY BAO DAI, A PUPPET OF DEMOCRACY • NORTH VIETNAM RULED BY HO CHI MINH, THE FATHER OF VIETNAMESE COMMUNISM

  7. UNITED STATES ENTERS AS ADVISORS • 1955 THE UNITED STATES SENDS MILITARY ADVISORS TO VIETNAM, MANY ARE THERE TO SPY ON THE COMMUNIST • THESE ADVISORS WOULD LEAD TO THE CREATION OF THE CIA • THEY ARE SENT TO TRAIN SOUTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIERS

  8. 1961 • US PERSONNEL IN VIETNAM 3,200 • PRESIDENT OF THE US, JOHN F. KENNEDY IS DEALING WITH THE CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS AND THE BAY OF PIGS INVASION. • THE US IS TERRIFIED WITH THE THREAT OF NUCLEAR WAR, IT IS A TIME OF FEAR AND ANXIETY.

  9. BAY OF PIGS AND CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS • THESE TWO EVENTS WOULD BRING THE US AND RUSSIA FACE TO FACE. • THEY WOULD ALSO LEAD TO THE DEEP HATE AND FEAR OF COMMUNISM ARISING AGAIN IN THE US, JUST AS IT HAD DURING THE RED SCARE. • COMMUNISM WAS AT THE GATE AND WANTED IN.

  10. CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS

  11. THE KENNEDY’S “AMERICAN ROYALTY”

  12. EARLY YEARS OF THE WAR • HE IS KILLED IN DALLAS, TX ON NOVEMBER 22, 1963 AND A NATION MOURNS. • HE IS KILLED BY LEE HARVEY OSWALD, OR IS HE?

  13. JFK JR., SALUTING HIS FATHER AT HIS FUNERAL

  14. THE RIFLE THAT MAY HAVE KILLED JOHN F. KENNEDY

  15. ASSASIN OR PATSY?

  16. JFK ASSASSIN IS SHOT BY JACK RUBY

  17. IMPORTANT OFFICALS • LYNDON JOHNSON: US PRESIDENT • DEAN RUSK: SEC. OF STATE • ROBERT McNAMARA: SEC. OF DEFENSE • WILLIAM WESTMORELAND: GENERAL OF US ARMY • J. EDGAR HOOVER: HEAD OF FBI

  18. WESTMORELAND & McNAMARA

  19. SHOULD WE STAY OR SHOULD WE GO • MANY FEEL IF JFK HAD NOT BEEN KILLED HE WOULD HAVE PULLED THE UNITED STATES OUT OF THE WAR IN VIETNAM, WITH HIS DEATH LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON , THE VP BECAME PRESIDENT OF THE US • LYNDON JOHNSON WAS DETERMINED TO DEFEAT THE VIET CONG AND WIN THE WAR IN SOUTHEAST ASIA.

  20. US INVOLVEMENT ESCULATES • GULF OF TONKIN: US SHIPS ARE ATTACKED OR ARE THEY? • AUG. 2, 1964 USS MADDOX • AUG. 4, 1964 USS TURNER JOY • GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION: DECLARES THAT THE US CAN USE FORCE TO PROTECT OUR INTRESTS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

  21. IN 1965 THE US BEGAN A MASSIVE BOMBING CAMPIGN AGAINST THE NORTH VIETNAMESE. THESE AIR ATTACKS CALLED FLAMING DART I & II, AND ROLLING THUNDER, WOULD DEVESTATE THE LANDSCAPE OF VIETNAM, BUT PROVE UNEFFECTIVE THE AIR WAR

  22. F-4E PHANTOMS

  23. DOUGLAS A-1 SKYRAIDER

  24. F-105 WILD WEASEL

  25. BELL HUEY UH-1

  26. B-52D

  27. F-4D LOADED FOR COMBAT

  28. B-52 STRATOFORTRESS

  29. B-66 USED IN ROLLING THUNDER

  30. A-7 COSAIR II

  31. KILLING THE COVER • IN AN OPERATION CALLED RANCH HAND THE US AIR FORCE COVERED THE FORESTS OF SOUTHEAST ASIA WITH CHEMICALS TO KILL THE TREES THAT WERE HIDING THE VIET CONG, CHEMICALS LIKE AGENT ORANGE, PURPLE AND AGENT BLUE. • VIET CONG-CHARLIE: ALL NICK NAMES FOR THE NORTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIERS

  32. HO CHI MINH TRAIL

  33. AGENT ORANGE • IT WAS AN HERBICIDE USED TO KILL JUNGLE FOILIAGE IN VIETNAM • THE VIET CONG USED THE JUNGLE AS COVER TO MOVE UNDETECTED FROM PLACE TO PLACE • THE HO CHI MINH TRAIL, A TRAIL IN THE JUNGLE USED TO MOVE MEN AND WEAPONS, NEEDED TO BE FOUND AND DESTROYED.

  34. CANOPY JUNGLE

  35. EFFECTS OF AGENT ORANGE • CHEMICALS WERE USED FROM 1961 THROUGH 1969, SATURATING THE JUNGLES OF SE ASIA. • DROPPED FROM PLANES THEY COVERED THE SOLDIERS AS WELL AS THE JUNGLE • MANY CHEMICALS WERE USED BUT AGENT ORANGE WAS THE MOST WIDELY USED, ALSO MOST TOXIC

  36. IN TEN YEARS THE US COVERED 23.8% OF VIETNAM WITH HERBICIDES THAT IS OVER 19,395,369 GALLONS OF CHEMICALS THIS CAUSED AND IS STILL CAUSING PROBLEMS FOR THOSE WHO INHALED OR INGESTED THE CHEMICAL. WE NEVER FOUND THE TRAIL BOTTOM LINE

  37. PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE

  38. AMERICAN BOYS SENT TO A FAR OFF PLACE TO DIE!

  39. AVERAGE AGE: 19-21

  40. NORTH VIETNAM THE COMMUNIST COUNTRY FIGHTING FOR THEIR RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT UNITED STATES THE OUTSIDE AGGRESSOR THAT WAS FIGHTING FOR DEMOCRACY AND IT’S SOLDIERS DID NOT BELIEVE IN OR WANT THE WAR TWO SIDES TO EVERY WAR