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California Mandated Reporter Training. Objectives of Mandated Reporter Training. Provide a brief history of child abuse reporting Review statistics/ impact of child maltreatment Educate about purpose/intent of the law Define child abuse and neglect in California

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California Mandated Reporter Training


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. California Mandated Reporter Training

    2. Objectives of MandatedReporter Training Provide a brief history of child abuse reporting Review statistics/ impact of child maltreatment Educate about purpose/intent of the law Define child abuse and neglect in California Recognize signs of child maltreatment Identify risk factors and red flags Who are mandated reporters When and how to report child abuse What happens after a report is made

    3. How One Girl's Plight, Started the Child-Protection Movement

    4. Mary Ellen Wilson

    5. Dr. C. Henry Kempe“Battered Child Syndrome”1962

    6. Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA)

    7. Child Maltreatment 2012Reports Received 2010

    8. California Referrals2012 Approximately 356,000 reports of suspected child abuse or neglect were received in 2012 Of those, about 232,000 were screened in (~65%) ~35% were screened out

    9. Child Maltreatment 2012Who reported?

    10. ChildWelfare Dynamic Report2012 http://cssr.berkeley.edu/ucb_childwelfare

    11. Child Maltreatment2012Types of maltreatment

    12. Child Welfare Dynamic Report2012 http://cssr.berkeley.edu/ucb_childwelfare

    13. Impact of Child Neglect The Still Face Experiment

    14. Adverse Childhood Experiences(ACE) Study

    15. Purpose/Key Points

    16. What are some of the reasons Mandated Reporters wouldn’t report?

    17. Deciding When to Report • When one "has knowledge of or observes a child in his or her professional capacity, or within the scope of his or her employment whom he or she knows or reasonably suspects has been the victim of child abuse or neglect..." (P.C. 11166 a) • If you suspect, REPORT!!!! • Proof of abuse is notrequired; that will be determined through investigation by the child welfare professionals or law enforcement

    18. Defining Child Abuse and Neglect Under the Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA) when the victim is a child (anyone under the age of 18) and the perpetrator is any person (including a child) the following types of abuse must be reported: • Physical Abuse • Sexual Abuse • Neglect • Emotional Abuse

    19. Physical Abuse

    20. Physical Abuse Indicators A statement by the child that the injury was caused by abuse

    21. Motor Development • Developmental abilities of a child should be considered when evaluating injuries • If a child is unable to roll over or crawl, they are unlikely to have sustained an injury on their own

    22. Ear Bruise

    23. Patterned Bruising

    24. Grab Marks

    25. Distinct outline

    26. Child Sexual Abuse Per CANRA, Child Sexual Abuse includes: Sexual Assault Sexual Exploitation

    27. Sexual Assault

    28. Sexual Exploitation

    29. Sexual Abuse Indicators

    30. Sexual Abuse - Disclosure

    31. Why is it so hard to tell? • Fear • Of perpetrator • Of being believed (consequences of disclosure) • Of not being believed • Shame • Revealing the secret • Sex is shameful/embarrassing subject • This hasn’t happened to anyone else • Guilt • Feel complicit in the abuse • Why didn’t you tell sooner/ run away/scream/make it stop??

    32. Neglect Negligent treatment or maltreatment of a child by a person responsible for child’s welfare. Includes- Acts and Omissions The neglect either causes harm or threatens to harm the child’s health or welfare.

    33. SevereNeglect

    34. GeneralNeglect(No Physical Injury)

    35. Neglect- Religious Considerations • Refusing medical care for religious reasons is a hotly debated topic when children are involved • Per CANRA, a child receiving treatment by spiritual means or not receiving specified medical treatment for religious reasons, shall not for that reason alone be considered a neglected child • An informed and appropriate medical decision made by a caregiver after consultation with a physician does not constitute neglect

    36. Home Environment- Indicators • Medications, cleaners, toxins within reach of a child • Guns or other weapons that are not properly secured • Trash, rotted food, insects, or animal waste • Choking hazards within reach of an infant or toddler

    37. Local Resources Enter in your own local resources

    38. Local Resources Enter in your own local resources

    39. Local Resources Enter in your own local resources

    40. Emotional Abuse

    41. Emotional Abuse

    42. Emotional Abuse

    43. Risk Factors Red Flags

    44. Cultural Considerations Race Ethnicity Gender Sexuality Class Disability status Immigration status Religion Age Nationality Regionality Language Child-rearing practices Gender-prescribed behavior Family structure Religious beliefs Community characteristics Worldview

    45. Cultural Considerations

    46. Cultural Considerations • Keep in mind cultural influences when assessing information or behavior. • Educate individuals/families from other cultures regarding American cultural expectations and practices. • However, if the practice falls within the legal definitions of child abuse, it must be reported.

    47. Parental Risk Factors for Abuse/Neglect

    48. Parental Risk Factors for Abuse/Neglect

    49. Parental Risk Factors for Abuse/Neglect