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Han Dynasty 202 B.C.E-221 C.E. Staci Hastings & Jamie Lyver. Geography. Geography. To the west, Himalayas Yellow and Yangzi River Major crop was rice Annual flooding of rivers Changán. Trade. Major trade with central and southeast Asia Further to India and Mediterranean

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han dynasty 202 b c e 221 c e

Han Dynasty202 B.C.E-221 C.E

Staci Hastings & Jamie Lyver

geography1
Geography
  • To the west, Himalayas
  • Yellow and Yangzi River
  • Major crop was rice
  • Annual flooding of rivers
  • Changán
trade
Trade
  • Major trade with central and southeast Asia
  • Further to India and Mediterranean
  • Currency and coin minting grew significantly
  • Silk road
  • Workers had salaries
economy
Economy
  • State collected taxes
  • Major trade expansion
  • Manufactured weapons, operated shipyards, granaries and trade
economic acheivments
Economic acheivments
  • Textile manufacturing
  • Water mills
  • Iron casting
  • Paper
  • Mirrors
  • Compass
  • Language
  • Government System
class and gender
Class and Gender
  • Merchants had severe constraints
  • Peasants became tenants
  • Farmers were taxed to the state
  • Hierarchy(with Emperor at the top)
  • Lui Bang
gender issues
Gender issues

Wives did not have the same treatment as men

Women were to Obey

Stayed at home and did house work

Denied rights

the slaves of han
The slaves of Han
  • Roughly 1% of population
  • Privately owned & owned by the state
  • Private/ worked domestically
  • State owned/worked for public
  • Bottom of hierarchy
political
Political

Central government

First emperor was Liu Bang

Headed by a grand council

Local Government

Divided into provinces

philosophers
Philosophers
  • The integration of Confucianism and Legal practices was created rapidly
  • This system was known as State Confucianism
  • The ideology of Confucianism was applied to the government and the leaders were chosen by character over birth
new technology
New technology

South seeking compass http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JPZ_DkR4aZ4

  • Seismograph made in 132 C.E
  • Used to predict earthquakes and the movement of the earth
  • Small iron balls sit in the mouth of the dragons and when it senses earth movements it drops into the frogs mouth, then measurements can be taken
religion
Religion
  • Ritual Sacrifices , animals and food to deities and spirits
  • It was believed that each person was a two part soul, the spirit soul (Hun) and the body soul (Po)
  • The emperor acted as the highest priest
  • The deities were known as the Five Powers
  • They believed that if the emperor did not behave according to ritual he could disrupt the balance and cause earthquakes, floods etc.
religion cont
Religion cont.
  • Believed that immortality could be achieved by performing breathing exercises, sexual techniques and medical elixirs
  • Everyone lived in harmony through “yin and yang”
  • The horse was a very spiritual animal
slide15
Art

The Han invented paper, lead glazed ceramics and had complex ways of silk weaving

Sculptures and small figurines

Art work and inscriptions have been found on the side of tombs

architecture
Architecture
  • Mirrors
  • Multi storied buildings
  • Many different designs of rooftops
  • Brick making
  • Artistic courtyards were made
bibliography
Bibliography
  • http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/han.html Tues. 28 Sept. 2010
  • http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/han/western.htm Tues. 28 Sept. 2010
  • http://edgarlowen.com/b4423.jpg Tues. 28 Sept. 2010
  • http://history.cultural-china.com/chinaWH/upload/upfiles/2009-05/13/weapons_of_the_qin_and_han_dynasties6a9ed81cede0b1e4cc7f.jpg Wed. 29 Sept. 2010
  • http://asiasociety.org/files/800px-Silk_Route_extant.JPG Wed. 29 Sept. 2010
  • http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/china/history/stoneage.htm Wed. 29 Sept. 2010
  • World history fourth edition text book
  • http://www.nadeausauction.com/auctiondata/109179/images/14.0.jpg Thurs. 30 Sept. 2010
  • http://www.jamb.ca/gallery/albums/Georgia/watermill.jpg Thurs. 30 Sept. 2010
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_Dynasty#Social_class Thurs. 30 Sept. 2010
  • http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalLandSurvey/images/rice_paddy.jpg Thurs. 30 Sept. 2010
  • http://www.mitchellteachers.net/WorldHistory/AncientChinaCurriculum/Transparencies/HansTransMerchants.jpg Thurs. 30 Sept. 2010
  • "Han Dynasty." China Window - China's Home on the Web. Web. 01 Oct. 2010. <http://www.china-window.com/china_briefing/china_history/chinese-historyhan-dynast.shtml>.
  • "Geography." Ancient China - The British Museum. Web. 01 Oct. 2010. <http://www.ancientchina.co.uk/geography/home_set.html>.
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Society_and_culture_of_the_Han_Dynasty#Slaves Sunday, Oct. 3. 2010