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William Shakespeare. The Man The Myth The Legend The Bane of High School Students Everywhere. Famous British Playwright and Poet. Life and Times. Baptized April 26, 1564 Births were not recorded, baptisms were Most likely born three days earlier From Stratford-upon-Avon

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william shakespeare

William Shakespeare

The Man

The Myth

The Legend

The Bane of High School Students Everywhere

life and times
Life and Times
  • Baptized April 26, 1564
    • Births were not recorded, baptisms were
    • Most likely born three days earlier
  • From Stratford-upon-Avon
    • Father was a glove maker and wool merchant
    • Mother was from a wealthy family
married anne hathaway
Married Anne Hathaway
  • No, not that Anne Hathaway
  • Married November 28, 1582
    • He was 18, she was 26
  • First child was born six months later (Scandal!)
    • Susanna
  • Had twins Judith and Hamnet two years later
    • Hamnet died when he was 11
the lost years
The Lost Years
  • We have no idea what happened between 1585 and 1592
  • He moved from Stratford to London and began working in theatre
    • Family stayed in Stratford
started writing poems
Started Writing Poems
  • Two longer poems
    • “Venus and Adonis” – 1593
    • “The Rape of Lucrece”- 1594
  • 154 sonnets
    • Written sometime in the mid 1590s
    • Shakespeare is one of the most famous sonnet writers
      • He had a specific style of sonnet which we now call the Shakespearean Sonnet
shakespearean sonnets
Shakespearean Sonnets
  • 14 line poem
  • Three stanzas with four lines each (quatrain) and a rhyming couplet at the end
  • Rhyme scheme ababcdcdefefgg
  • Rhythm: Iambic Pentameter
    • Iambic = type of sound
      • Pair of syllables…first is unstressed, second is stressed
    • Pentameter= length of meter
      • Number of times a sound pattern occurs……five times in this case
      • “Penta” like pentagon (five sided shape)
but he also enjoyed acting
But…..he also enjoyed acting
  • The Lord Chamberlain’s Men formed in 1594
    • Group of actors that performed most of Shakespeare’s plays
    • Shakespeare was one of the managers, although he would sometimes play smaller roles
  • Changed name to the King’s Men in 1603
    • King James ascended to the throne
  • Performed plays at the Rose and Globe Theatres
shakespearean plays
Shakespearean Plays
  • Wrote 38 plays, most between 1594-1611
  • Plays were very popular during his lifetime
    • He did not publish them immediately
    • People paid to go see them performed in a theater
  • Actors traveled to court to perform for the Queen (and later the King)
  • Fine line between entertaining and offending Royalty
all good things must come to an end
All Good Things Must Come to an End
  • Shakespeare moved back to Stratford in 1611
  • Died on April 23, 1616
    • The same day as his (presumed) birthday
  • Shakespeare’s friends published a collection of his plays in 1623
famous shakespeare plays
Famous Shakespeare Plays
  • Comedies
    • As You Like It
    • The Merchant of Venice
    • A Midsummer Night’s Dream
    • Taming of the Shrew
    • The Tempest
  • Histories
    • Richard III
    • Henry V
  • Tragedies
    • Macbeth
    • King Lear
    • Hamlet
    • Othello
    • Julius Caesar
    • And………..
  • Romeo and Juliet!!!!!!!
love fighting and death o my
Love, Fighting, and Death, O My!
  • Story about young lovers from warring families in Italy
  • Based on Italian tale
    • Shakespeare expanded the plot, added characters etc.
the power of language
The Power of Language
  • Students sometime struggle with Shakespeare’s “Antiquated” language
  • Some of the language is no longer used, but Shakespeare is famous for his neologisms
    • Neologism = new word
  • Shakespeare is credited with at least 1,700
    • Critical ,Dwindle, Majesty, Excellent, Obscene, Fragrant, Brittle, Aggravate, Radiance, Summit
  • Shakespeare did not write in Old English
    • Old English is basically German
    • Beowulf (written sometime between 8th and 11th century)
  • Shakespeare did not write in Middle English
    • German, French and Latin
    • Starting to somewhat resemble modern English
  • Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales in Middle English
    • Written in 14th century
  • Shakespeare wrote in Early Modern English
    • It is very similar to Modern English