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Strategic Analysis of India’s National River-Linking Project [NRLP]. Contours of NRLP…. Building 30 links, 3000 small and large reservoirs, 12500 km of canals to link 36 Himalayan and Peninsular rivers to effect 178 km 3 of inter-basin water transport.

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Strategic Analysis of India’s National River-Linking Project [NRLP]


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contours of nrlp
Contours of NRLP…
  • Building 30 links, 3000 small and large reservoirs, 12500 km of canals to link 36 Himalayan and Peninsular rivers to effect 178 km3 of inter-basin water transport.
  • 35 MHa of new irrigated area; 35 GW of hydro-capacity; navigation and flood control benefits.
  • Gestation Period: Proposed=2016; Most Likely=2050
  • Cost = Rs 560,000 cr. at 2002 prices (US $ 120 Billion); 1 - 1.5% of India’s GDP for the next 3 decades.
  • Largest infrastructure project anywhere, ever. Five times the size of the ……Three Gorges Project.
why do we need a research project
Why do we need a Research Project…
  • Hardened positions with little analysis
    • Critics complaint that government has not done good analysis of alternatives
    • Government says that considering the magnitude of the crisis, NRLP is the only option
  • Key Missing Issues:
    • What is the magnitude of crisis itself?
    • How was interlinking chosen as the best available option
    • What is the scope of the alternatives?
    • How do we ensure that there will be implementation efficiency - time and cost overruns - and O&M would be done better than before?
    • What would it takes to implement alternative solutions on national scale?
project goal
Promote a balanced, analytical and informed national discourse on India's Water Future 2050, and approaches to shaping it, including through the River-Linking project

Support South Asia’s quest for food livelihoods and water security

Capitalize on the uncommon opportunity created by the NRLP

Project Goal…

…and Purpose

specific objectives
Specific Objectives…
  • Build scenarios of what India will be like—its economy, society, demographics, habitat, and environment – in 2025 and 2050, and with what implications for its water future?
  • Analyze whether NRLP is an adequate, cost effective and sustainable response—in socio-ecological as well as political terms--towards meeting the water challenge.
  • Sew together a clutch of institutional and policy interventions into a National Water Sector Perspective Plan (NWSPP) as a fallback strategy.
  • Identify best practices to implement the NRLP as well as the NWSPP
slide6

PHASE

ACTIVITIES

OUTPUT

Phase I

9 Months

11 Studies, Synthesis & National Workshop I

A Sharp, Well-Rounded Prognosis of India’s Water Future - 2025/2050 & of the Water Challenge Facing the Nation

Phase II

15 Months

Phase II A

Phase II B

Phase II A

Phase II B

16 Studies, Synthesis & National Workshop II

7 Studies, Synthesis & National Workshop III

How adequate, complete and cost-effective a response is the River-Linking Project to India’s Water Challenge 2050?

How to maximize net social benefit of the River-Link Project

Phase III

12 Months

Phase III A

Phase III B

Phase III A

Phase III A

14 Studies, Synthesis & National Workshop IV

8 Studies, Synthesis & National Workshop V

If NRLP fails to take off, how else can India effectively meet its Water Challenge 2050?

How best to put into operation the National Perspective Plan

Concluding Workshop VI: Planning for a Food, Livelihoods and Water Secure India 2050

slide8

Phase I…

Demographic Projections

Regional Patterns in Economic Growth

Food Security and Trade Liberalization

Indian Agriculture and Irrigation

Revisiting Water Availability and Demand

Domestic and Industrial Water Demand

Environmental Water Demand

India’s Macro Hydrology

A Sharp, Well-Rounded Prognosis of India’s Water Future - 2025/2050 & of the Water Challenge Facing the Nation

slide9

Phase II…

Technical Feasibility

Financial Feasibility

Economic Analysis

Env’tal and Ecological Valuations

Social Cost-Benefit Analyses

Institutions and Political Economy

Implementation Effectiveness

[1] How adequate, complete and cost-effective a response is the River-Linking Project to India’s Water Challenge 2050?

[2] How to maximize net social benefit of NRLP?

slide10

Phase III…

Decentralized Water Harvesting

Ganges Water Machine

Virtual Water Transfers

Water Demand Management

Inter-Sectoral Competition

Water Institutions and Policies

Alternative Energy Sources and Scenarios

Water Use Efficiency and Productivity

[1] If the NRLP fails to take off, how else can India effectively meet its Water Challenge 2050?

[2] How best to put into operation the NWSPP?

key strengths
Key Strengths…
  • Impart substance and quality to the national discourse on NRLP;
  • Help India think through its long term water challenge and evolve a fall-back strategy to meet it;
  • Rally a broad alliance of Indian researchers and institutions to participate in a distributed research and dissemination program;
  • Allocate over 70% of the resources requested to NARES institutions; and
  • Leverage substantial ‘knowledge equity’ and funds IWMI contributes as matching resources.