Stop Rules for Worrying & Checking: A Metacognitive Factor in Perseverative Psychopathologies. Graham Davey University of Sussex, UK. Collaborators. Benie MacDonald Helen Startup Gary Britton Suzanne Dash Frances Meeten Fergal Jones. Introduction.
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University of Sussex, UK
Relate to Task Motivation
Performance Focused OR Task Focused
‘Enough’ OR ‘Enjoy’
‘As Many as Can’ (AMA) OR ‘Feel Like Continuing’ (FL)
Manipulating Stop Rule (Startup & Davey, 2001)
Stop Rules & Responsibility (Startup & Davey, 2003)
Stop Rule deployment in High & Low Worriers (Davey et al., 2005)
Do stop rules change during a worry bout? (Davey et al., 2007)
AMA – ‘Enough’
FL – ‘Enjoy’
I must find a solution to this problem, so keep thinking about it.
I must try and think about the worst possible outcome, just in case it happens
I must think everything through properly
What’s done is done, so what’s the point in worrying?
I don’t have time to think about this now
Stop worrying, things always work out for the best.
Compulsive checkers deploy AMA stop rules (Meyer, Fisher & Wells, 2009)
Termination of rituals often based on subjective stop criteria
Explanatory constructs such as ‘Inflated Responsibility’ interact with mood (MacDonald & Davey, 2005)
It is the goal-directed nature of checking that causes perseveration, not its complexity
Black = High Responsibility
White = Low Responsibility
Negative mood facilitates endorsement of AMA checking stop rules (Gary Britton)
Negative mood facilitates endorsement of AMA worry stop rules (Suzanne Dash)