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SADDAM HUSSEIN. General Information Youth Rise in Ba’ath Part Consolidation of Power Foreign Affairs Invasion of Iraq Pursuit and Capture. GENERAL INFORMATION. born April 28 , 1937 President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003 . espoused secular pan-Arabism , economic

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Saddam hussein

  • General Information

  • Youth

  • Rise in Ba’ath Part

  • Consolidation of Power

  • Foreign Affairs

  • Invasion of Iraq

  • Pursuit and Capture


General information
GENERAL INFORMATION

  • born April 28, 1937

  • President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003.

  • espoused secular pan-Arabism, economic

  • modernization, and socialism


General information1
GENERAL INFORMATION

  • Iraq's economy grew at a rapid pace in the 1970s

  • As president, he developed a pervasive personality cult

  • Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988)

  • Captured by U.S. forces on December 13, 2003


Youth
YOUTH

  • Was born in the village of Al-Awja in Tikrit

  • "Saddam," which in Arabic means "one who confronts

  • He never knew his father, Hussein 'Abd al-Majid, who died or disappeared five months before Saddam was born.

  • Saddam's twelve-year-old brother died of cancer


Youth1
YOUTH

  • His mother attempted both to abort Saddam and kill herself and refused to care for her new child when he was born

  • Very depressive childhood

  • Learned many things from his uncle. He was ambitious.

  • he attended a nationalistic secondary school in Baghdad

  • at age 20, Saddam joined the revolutionary pan-ArabBa'ath Party, of which his uncle was a supporter


Rise in the ba ath party
Rise in the Ba'ath party

  • Ba'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959, Saddam was involved in the attempted assassination of Prime Minister Qassim

  • Saddam was shot in the leg, but managed to flee to Syria,

  • Saddam returned to Iraq, but was imprisoned in 1964

  • He escaped from jail in 1967 and became one of the leading members of the party


Rise in the ba ath party1
Rise in the Ba'ath party

  • Saddam never forgot the tensions within the first Ba'athist government

  • He was ambitious

  • In July1968 a second coup brought the Ba'athists back to power under General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr a Tikriti and a relative of Saddam


Consolidation of power
Consolidation of power

  • In 1976 Saddam was appointed a general in the Iraqi armed forces


Consolidation of power1
Consolidation of Power

  • Saddam soon gained a powerful circle of support within the party through his ambition.

  • President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr became increasingly unable to execute the duties

  • Saddam began to take an increasingly prominent role as the face of the Iraqi government, both internally and externally

  • 1970s, Saddam had emerged as the undisputed de facto leader of Iraq.


Foreign affairs
Foreign affairs

  • Communication barriers

  • Iraq signed an aid pact with the Soviet Union in 1972

  • Western orientation from then until the Persian Gulf War in 1991

  • Saddam initiated Iraq's nuclear enrichment project in the 1980s, with French assistance


Foreign affairs1
Foreign Affairs

  • first Iraqi nuclear reactor was named by the French Osiraq

  • Destroyed by an Israeli air strike shortly before it became capable of producing weapons


2003 invasion of iraq
2003 invasion of Iraq

  • Bush claimed, "The Iraqi regime has plotted to develop anthrax, and nerve gas, and nuclear weapons for over a decade."

  • "Iraq continues to flaunt its hostility toward America and to support terror," said Bush

  • The Iraqi government and military collapsed within three weeks of the beginning of the U.S.-led 2003 invasion of Iraq on March 20

  • When Baghdad fell to the Coalition on April 9, Saddam was nowhere to be found.


Pursuit and capture
Pursuit and capture

  • His sons and political heirs, Uday and Qusay, were killed in July 2003 in an engagement with U.S. forces after a tip-off from an Iraqi informant

  • Paul Bremer, formally announced the capture of Saddam by saying, "Ladies and gentlemen, we got him!" He was captured at approximately 8:30 PM Iraqi time on December 13, in an underground "spider hole" at a farmhouse in ad-Dawr near his home town Tikri