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Responding to Disaster Situations UWL Chandradasa. Disaster Management Centre. Establishment of the DMC and its Activities. Disaster Management Centre. Sri Lankan Parliament Select Committee on Natural Disasters – bi-Partisan Committee Delebarated and Made recommendations Towards

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Sri Lankan Parliament Select

  • Committee on Natural Disasters
  • – bi-Partisan Committee
  • Delebarated and Made
  • recommendations Towards
  • achieving a safer Sri Lanka
  • Guided legislative and Policy
  • efforts
legislative background
Legislative Background
  • Tsunami (2004), floods and landslides (2003) and various small to medium scale disasters over the past few years have brought back into focus the fact that Sri Lanka is a disaster prone country.
  • Recurrent disasters have caused losses to human lives, property and the environment and eroded development gains.
  • Need to strengthen all aspects of Disaster Risk Management (DRM) – both proactive risk reduction as well as reactive disaster response mechanisms
  • Tsunami has reaffirmed the urgent need for a DRM legislation in Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan Parliament passed the “Sri Lanka Disaster Management Act No 13 of 2005.”
sri lanka disaster management act no 13 of 2005
Sri Lanka Disaster Management Act; No.13 of 2005
  • Framework for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) in Sri Lanka
  • Addresses Disaster Management (DM) holistically, leading to a policy shift from response based mechanisms to a proactive approach
  • Establishment of Institutional and Legislative framework for DRM
  • National Council for Disaster Management (NCDM) and Disaster Management Centre (DMC) established in accordance with the Act.

DRM Institutional Framework in Sri Lanka- National Level

Ministers in charge of

National Council for Disaster Management

Chair Person: H.E. President

Vice Chairman: Hon. Prime Minister

Opposition Leader

Ministers in charge of

Social Services


Rehabilitation & Reconstruction



Home Affairs

Fisheries & Aquatic Resources


Science & Technology

Foreign Affaires

Chief Ministers (7)

Opposition MPs (5)

Water Supply



Coast Conservation

Minister of Disaster Management

Urban Development








DRM Institutional Framework in Sri Lanka- Sub national Level


Provincial Councils

District Secretariats

Line Departments

Divisional Secretariats

Local Authorities

Grama Niladaries

Village Task Forces

(Activities will be coordinated through Disaster Management Coordinators)

disaster management centre dmc
Disaster Management Centre (DMC)


Safer communities and sustainable development in Sri Lanka

The Broad Mission

To create a culture of safety among communities and the nation at large through systematic management of natural, technological and man-made disaster risks


Organizational Structure

Disaster Management Centre

Disaster Management Centre

(Director General)

National Consultants

National Level

National Level

Disaster Management

Technology, Mitigation Unit


Forecasting, Early warning & Dissemination



Preparedness Planning



Training, Education & Public Awareness



National Emergency Operation Centre


Tech. Com.

Tech. Com.

Tech. Com.

Tech. Com.

Tech. Com.

Personnel &

Administration Branch

(Deputy Director)

Finance Branch

(Deputy Director)

Media Unit

(Deputy Director)

District Emergency Operation Centres

(DRM Coordinators)

Intermediate & Local Levels

Disaster Management Assistants

main activities of the dmc
Main Activities of the DMC
  • Disaster Management Technology,

Long-term Mitigation & DRR

  • Early Warning
  • Emergency Operations in case

of a disaster

  • Preparedness Planning

(National and Other levels)

  • Training, Education &

Public Awareness

how to enforce coordinate and monitor activities
How to enforce, coordinate and monitor activities

Through countrywide

  • ministries,
  • departments
  • public corporations,
  • Provincial Councils
  • local authority administration;
  • District secretaries
  • Divisional secretaries
  • Grama Niladhari administration
hazards that come under the purview of dmc
Hazards that come under the purview of DMC
  • Chemical Accidents
  • Radiological Emergency
  • Oil Spills
  • Nuclear Disaster
  • Industrial Hazards
  • Urban and Forest Fire
  • Explosions
  • Air Raids
  • Civil or Internal Strife
  • Floods
  • Tornadoes, Lightening strikes and Severe Thunder Storms
  • Landslides
  • Tsunami
  • Earthquakes
  • Coastal Erosion
  • Epidemics
agencies involved in the drm activities
Agencies Involved in the DRM activities
  • National Institute of Education
  • SL Army
  • SL Navy
  • SL Air Force
  • Sri Lanka Telecom
  • Survey Dept
  • Water Supply and Drainage Board
  • NGOs, SL Red Cross Society
  • Universities
  • NSF
  • RDA, PRDAs
  • UNDP / UN Agencies
  • District / Divisional Secretariats
  • Provincial Councils & LAs
  • DMC
  • Atomic Energy Authority
  • Colombo Municipal Council
  • Central Environmental Authority
  • Ceylon Electricity Board
  • Coast Conservation Dept
  • Dept. of Agriculture
  • Fire Service Dept.
  • Irrigation Dept.
  • Mahaweli Authority
  • Health Sector Agencies
  • Dept. of Meteorology
  • Ministry of Finance & Planning
  • Urban Development Authority
  • National Planning Department
  • Department of Social Services
  • NARA
  • NBRO

Disaster Risk Management Approach by DMC

Developing a Road Map

Through consultative

process which is the

Guide for DRM

activities in the country

for next 10 years

– for donors as well as

other stakeholders

areas covered
Areas covered
  • NDM Policy, Mandate & Institutional


  • Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Assessment
  • Mult-Hazard Early Warning System
  • Planinig for Disaster Preparedness and Response
  • Disaster Mitigation and Integration in to Development
  • Community Based DRM
  • Public Awareness , Education & Training

Disaster Response Activities

  • Establishment of Early Warning Centre
    • Tsunami
    • Multihazard
  • Development of Prepared Plan
  • Establish 24/7 Emergency Operating Centre
community based disaster preparedness programme
Community Based Disaster Preparedness Programme
  • 15 District Disaster Management Coordinators to liaise and coordinate with Chief Secretaries, District Secretariats, Divisional Secretaries, Police and Forces, Local Authorities and Grama Niladaries, Civil Societies etc.
  • Coordinate and implement Community Based Awareness Programme, Capacity Building, Risk Reduction, Community Contingency Plans & Evacuation from vulnerable areas.
  • DMC will initially focus on Tsunami affected districts and gradually concentrate in other vulnerable districts to hazards such as floods, cyclones, landslides, dam safety, droughts etc.

Coordination with International agencies & NGOs

DMC will serve as the national focal point and coordinating body for all

  • International fora related to disaster risk reduction;
  • Initiatives of development and donor agencies and
  • NGOs and INGOs
present future activities of dmc
Present & Future Activities of DMC
  • Conducting Awareness Programmes at national and district levels
  • Community based Disaster Preparedness Programme
  • Formulation of National Day on Disaster Management
  • Establishment of Emergency Operation Centres & Resource Network at provincial and district levels
  • Development of National Disaster Management Plan and National Emergency Operation Plan
  • Preparation of Preparedness and Response plans at agency, PC, LA, Districts, Divisional and GN levels
awareness programmes at national and district levels contd
Awareness Programmes at National and District levels – contd..
  • TV documentary films named “Tsunami” and “Kumarilage Kathawa” to be shown on Rupavahini.
  • District Disaster Management Coordinators are conducting awareness programmes in villages in Hambantota, Matara, Galle, Kalutara, Colombo, Gampaha, Puttlam and Ampara
  • Printing and distributing one million leaflets on Tsunami.
  • NSF is planning to conduct School Awareness Programmes in all Tsunami affected districts.
  • NSF launched a book on Tsunami – “Muhuda Kaluwuna”.
  • NSF has telecast a Video films on Tsunami.
  • NSF is planning to develop 7 video films on Disasters.
disaster preparedness response plans at other levels
Disaster Preparedness & Response Plans at other levels
  • At District, Division & GN levels
  • At Municipal Councils, Urban Councils and Pradeshiya Sabhas
  • At National Ministries & Provincial Councils
  • In departments
  • In schools
  • In communities