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International Gothic Style

International Gothic Style

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International Gothic Style

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  1. International Gothic Style • - Late 14th-15thc. • Artists traveling around • Brilliant colors, lavish costumes • - Simone Martini altarpiece (1333). P. 509 • - Limbourg Bros. Tres Riches Heures de Duc de Berry, 15thc

  2. International Style of Architecture • -Europe and U.S. • -Began in 1920s/1930s, lasted through mid 20thc. • -Rectilinear lines, no ornamentation • Use of cantilever construction • Glass and steel common

  3. St. Sernin Plan, 1070-1120 p. 434

  4. Gothic Architecture

  5. Compared to the naves of French Gothic churches, the naves of English Gothic churches were generally narrower and tallerA. TrueB. False

  6. B. FalseEnglish Gothic, broader and lower, gardenlike settings inspired by Medieval monasteriesex. Salisbury Cathedral, England, 1220, p. 487

  7. Where is the Forbidden City found?A. ShanghaiB. BeijingC. Hong KongD. Singapore

  8. A. Beijing, ChinaMing Dynasty, 15th c.p. 723-for imperial court, setting for elaborate rituals

  9. The early medieval emperor who united Europe and began a revival of the ideals of imperial Rome was (A) Constantine (B) Charlemagne (C) Otto III (D) Justinian 61 In the early Christian Middle Ages, animals were used as symbols for (A) the stages of Christ’s life (B) the Madonna and Child (C) Old Testament prophets (D) Gospel writers

  10. B. CharlemagneD. Gospel Writers

  11. Louise Nevelson’s sculptures were typically made from(A) painted marble(B) kinetic parts(C) found objects(D) hollow cast bronzeEgyptian pylon temples demonstrate(A) the primacy of the central plan(B) the clear influence of Greek ideas(C) advanced building techniques and materials(D) the conservative nature of Egyptian architecture

  12. C. Found objectsD. The conservative nature of Egyptian architecture

  13. All of these were factors in the development of Neoclassical Art except:A. The excavation of TroyB. The Age of EnlightenmentC. The rejection of the fanciful Rococo periodD. The uncovering of Pompeii and HerculaneumWhich 18th century artist was best-known for his paintings of scientific experiments?A. John Singleton CopleyB. Joseph Wright of DerbyC. Jacques-Louis DavidD. John Constable

  14. A. The excavation of TroyB. Joseph Wright of Derby

  15. Thomas Eakins was an artist who had a desire to portray things as he saw them and not as the public might want them portrayed. Which of the following is one of his works that demonstrated this?A. Two Girls FishingB. The Thankful PoorC. The Gross ClinicD. OlympiaWhich of the following artists had firsthand knowledge and experience of the American Civil War?A. Thomas EakinsB. John Singer SargentC. Henry TannerD. Winslow Homer

  16. C. The Gross ClinicD. Winslow Homer

  17. All of the following are considered narrativeworks of art EXCEPT(A) the Bayeux Tapestry(B) El Greco’s Burial of Count Orgaz(C) Leonardo’s Mona Lisa(D) Giotto’s Arena Chapel frescoesKazimirMalevich used which of the followingterms to refer to the movement represented byhis abstract paintings of pure geometric forms?(A) Cubism(B) Rayonnism(C) Cubo-Futurism(D) Suprematism

  18. (C) Mona Lisa • (D) Suprematism

  19. Ingres’ technique and style is bestdescribed as: A. linear and tight B. painterly and loose C. colorful and emotional D. almost nonobjective • Antonio Canova is best known as a: A. Neoclassical sculptor B. Romantic Painter C. Romantic Printmaker D. Italian Baroque sculptor

  20. A. linear and tight • A. Neoclassical sculptor

  21. The Neolithic period lasted until the introduction of: A. stone tools B. metalworking C. domestication of animals D. year-round settlements • The term used to describe a royal Egyptian male headdress is a: A. thutmose B. serdab C. nemes D. anubis

  22. B. metalworking • B. serdab

  23. The study of Velázquez and Rembrandt led to freer brushwork, richer colors, and dramatic presentation in the work of _____at the beginning of the 19th century.A. DavidB. IngresC. GoyaD. DelacroixVermeer was known to have used which of the following tools?A. stencilsB. camera obscuraC. clip targetsD. photo lens

  24. D. DelacroixB. camera obscura

  25. The image of the Sphinx is believed to be the pharaoh: • Khafre • Menkaure • Djoser • Akenaton • This term means, “a tomb chamber formed of huge upright stones”: • corbel • cairn • dolmen • henge • A hall supported by rows of columns is best described as: • hierarchal • register • post and lintel • hypostyle

  26. - Khafre • -dolmen • -hypostyle

  27. An example of a register (rows ofpictures) can be found in this piece: • Stele of Hammurabi • Standard of Ur • Ziggurat of Ur • relief of Akhenaton and his Family • The stylistic conventions of rigidly frontal symmetry, abnormally large eyes, and tightly clasped hands are most characteristic of the art, of: • Sumer • Lascaux • Paleolithic • Babylon • The sculptors of the Eshnunna votive statues simplified the faces, bodies, and dress to emphasize the __________ shapes of the figures. • rectangular • cylindrical • sharp, angular -- round, spherical

  28. - Standard of Ur • -Sumer • - cylindrical

  29. Raphael painted “School of Athens” for the Pope’s private __________. • chapel • library • apartment • monastery • The development of linear perspective is generally credited to ____________. • Donatello • Brunelleschi • da Vinci • Ghiberti • Michelangelo has been credited with all of these except: • The Last Judgment fresco in the Sistine Chapel • the Marble Pieta in St. Peter’s • a Greek-cross layout for St. Peter’s • The Sistine Madonna painting

  30. - Apartment • - Brunelleschi • - The Sistine Madonna painting

  31. Which painter created dynamic, Mannerist compositions, often by means of swirling clouds and fitful light? • Titian • Tintoretto • Michelangelo • Raphael • Which of the following developed in 15th century Italy but fully matured in 16th century Italy? • fresco • manuscript illumination • perspectival systems • architectural standards • Which of the following was a contemporary of Judith Leyster? • Hieronymous Bosch • Rogier Van Der Weyden • FransHals • Pieter Bruegel the Elder

  32. - Tintoretto • -perspectival systems • - Frans Hals

  33. Which of the following was not sculpted by Auguste Rodin? • The Kiss • The Gates of Hell • The Thinker • The Gates of Paradise • Art Nouveau was a style of craft that used: • symmetrical geometric forms • a combination of different metals • a blend of architecture, sculpture and painting • sinuous lines of metalwork and glass • Which of the following artists explored the properties of light, depth, color through bulky, block-like brushstrokes? • Gauguin • Toulouse-Lautrec • Cézanne • Sargent

  34. The Gates of Paradise • sinuous lines of metalwork and glass • Cezanne