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Cardiovascular & Circulatory Systems. Cardiovascular & Circulatory System. Function:. The Body’s Transport System. 1. Heart. 2. Blood Vessels. 3. Blood. Structures - Heart. 1. Shape - Strawberry. 2. Size - Fist. Weight - 1 pound. 3. 4. Location – Center of chest. THE HEART.

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Cardiovascular circulatory systems

Cardiovascular & CirculatorySystems


Cardiovascular circulatory system
Cardiovascular & Circulatory System

Function:

The Body’s Transport System

1.

Heart

2.

Blood Vessels

3.

Blood


Structures heart
Structures - Heart

1.

Shape - Strawberry

2.

Size - Fist

Weight - 1 pound

3.

4.

Location – Center of chest



Heart structures
Heart - Structures

1.

Septum – Divides the Heart into Right and Left

2.

Chambers -

-

Atrium – Top (smaller)

-

Ventricle – Bottom (bigger)

3.

Valves – Keep blood flowing in one direction

Note:

It Is A Hollow Organ


Heart animation
Heart Animation

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H04d3rJCLCE

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rBQOLiFto6Q


Blood vessels

1.

Arteries –

(RED) Carries Blood Away from the Heart

Blood Vessels

2.

Veins –

(BLUE) Carry Blood Back to the Heart

3.

Capillaries –

Where exchange of nutrients takes place (O2, Waste, Etc…)


Cardiovascular circulatory systems

  • Blood Vessels

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CjNKbL_-cwA

  • Circulation- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PgI80Ue-AMo&feature=related

  • Capillaries- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q530H1WxtOw


Blood pressure
Blood Pressure

Definition:

The Force of the Blood against the Walls of the Arteries

Systole:

Top Number of Blood Pressure (ventricles contracting)

Diastole:

Bottom Number of Blood Pressure(ventricles filled w/ blood)


Blood function
Blood - Function

1.

Carries food and oxygen to all cells

2.

Rids the body of Waste


Blood components
Blood -Components

1.

Red Blood Cells

-

Erythrocytes

2.

White Blood Cells

-

Leukocytes

3.

Platelets

-

Thrombocytes

4.

Plasma


Red blood cells
Red Blood Cells

1.

Made in the Marrow of Bones

2.

Carry Oxygen

3.

Hemoglobin

- The Protein that attracts O2 to the RBC

- Prone to Defect/illnesses


Blood components1
Blood Components

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-sKZWqsUpw

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CRh_dAzXuoU


White blood cells
White Blood Cells

1.

Made in the Marrow of Bones

2.

Defend the Body against Disease


Plasma
Plasma

1.

The Liquid part of Blood (55% of blood)

2.

Mostly Water



Platelets
Platelets

1.

Aid in Blood Clotting

2.

How Does Blood Clot?

-

Cut occurs. Platelets Activated.

-

Platelets RUSH to the wound

-

Fibrin is released (Spider Web)

-

Web is formed over Wound

Trapped Cells Harden and form a Scab

-




Platelets step 2

Platelets RUSH to the wound!

PLATELETS – STEP 2



Platelets step 4

Web is formed over Wound.

PLATELETS – STEP 4


Platelets step 5

-Trapped Cells Harden and form a Scab

PLATELETS – STEP 5

SPIDEY SAVES THE DAY 


Platelets1
Platelets

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=--bZUeb83uU&feature=related

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vEmsaXA-go0

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JvOH5skxqoA

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_YpLaWdBpk


Blood types
Blood Types

A, B, AB, O

Donor:

Person who gives Blood

Recipient:

Person who receives Blood

Clumping:

Occurs when the blood types do not mix


Blood types1
Blood Types

A, B, AB, O

Recipient

D

o

n

o

r

*O = Universal Donor *AB =Universal Recipient


Blood types2
BLOOD TYPES

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZ6_hSvjV_E


Blood type challenge

Really hard Logic/Blood Type Puzzle?

Use the following information to predict each person's blood type.

Bill can give blood to joe mike and sue

Don can give blood to bob but not bill

Bob can give blood to Mike but not Joe

Tom can give blood to kelly, Sue, Don, and mike

Kelly can give blood to sue and bob but not to tom

sue cannot give blood to kelly

joe can give blood to mike but not bob or sue

mike can GET blood from sue and bill

Joe does not have an A antigen

Bill________

Bob_______

Don_______

Joe_______

Kelly______

Mike_______

Sue_______

Tom_______

Answer in terms of blood type (A, B, AB, or O)

By the way, this may help:

a can be given to a or ab

b can be given to b or ab

ab can be given to ab

o can be given to anyone

http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080526202704AAo5bWa

BLOOD TYPE CHALLENGE


Heart attack
Heart Attack

http://www.heartinfo.org/ms/animations/13/main.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGxS44-rcps&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bLQjMaLilM&feature=related


Warm up
WARM-UP

  • 2/11/11

  • Tell me as much as you can about one (or more) problems or diseases that affect the heart or blood?


Problems
PROBLEMS

1. Congenital Heart Disease:A number of heart defects that you are born with.


Problems1
Problems

2.

Heart Murmur:

Valves do not close completely http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3NapobA3QbI&feature=PlayList&p=157240A8B6B0EC19&index=0&playnext=1



Problems2
PROBLEMS

  • 3. VERICOSE VEINS - Swollen and enlarged veins caused by weak valves

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCXg2WBPtOQ&feature=related



Problems3
Problems

4.

Anemia:

Low Levels of Hemoglobin

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ZV5140OykE

Sickle Cell Anemia:

5. Inherited condition that causes Blood Clotting

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sickle_cell http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkC5Hf-AKwo&feature=related


Problems4
PROBLEMS

  • 6. HEMOPHILIA - Inherited disease. Blood does not clot


Problems5
PROBLEMS

  • 7. LEUKEMIA – Cancer of the bone marrow. Effects white blood cells.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGj2vsdr-ks&feature=related



Problems diseases
PROBLEMS/DISEASES

  • Create a skit in groups of 3-4

  • Describe your disease or problem

  • What are the signs or symptoms

  • Treatments?

  • BE CREATIVE!


Problems6
PROBLEMS

  • 8. THROMBOSIS – Blood clots form in the vessels.

  • (EMBOLISM)- Blood clot on the move.


Effects of alcohol tobacco and other drugs
Effects of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

1.

Hypertension (High BP)

2.

Dilation of Blood Vessels

3.

Flushed, Warm Feeling

4.

Loss of Body Heat

5.

Decrease in Body Temperature

6.

Increase in Heart Rate


Effects of alcohol tobacco and other drugs1
Effects of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

1.

Raised BP

2.

Increased HR

3.

Constricted Blood Vessels

4.

Increased Cholesterol; Build-Up

5.

Increase Risk of Heart Attack

6.

Heart Disease


Effects of alcohol tobacco and other drugs2
Effects of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

1.

Cocaine – Constricts Vessels & Increases BP

2.

Marijuana – Alters HR

3.

Heart Failure

4.

Stroke

5.

Death


Care health
Care & Health

1.

Diet – limit fat, cholesterol, and salt

2.

Exercise

3.

Healthy Weight

4.

NO Smoking

5.

Medical Check-Ups


Cardiovascular circulatory systems

1.Right Atrium, 2.Left Atrium, 3.Right Ventricle, 4.Left Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,


Cardiovascular circulatory systems

6. Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

9.

11.

1.Right Atrium, 2.Left Atrium, 3.Right Ventricle, 4.Left Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

2.

1.

12.

7.

4.

8.

3.

5.

10.


Cardiovascular circulatory systems

Name: __________________ Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

Section: __________________

1.Right Atrium, 2.Left Atrium, 3.Right Ventricle, 4.Left Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 7.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,


Warm up1
WARM-UP Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

  • 1/24 What is one fun or interesting thing you did this weekend?


Warm up2
Warm-Up Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

  • 1/25 What is the difference between the functions of veins and arteries?


2 3 11
2/3/11 Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

  • Warm-Up

  • Tell me about platelets….


Cardiovascular circulatory systems
2/8 Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

  • Warm-Up

  • Describe one of the cardiovascular problems we discussed last class.


Warm up3
Warm-Up Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

  • 2/9

  • What are some negative outcomes of the cardiovascular/circulatory system due to the drinking of ALCOHOL?