MPhil Seminar: Evaluating OT. L1/L2 Acquisition and learnability 8-3-2007. Overview. Focus on comparison of leading theories (RBP : OT) What each predicts to be possible and impossible How these predictions compare to the data General acquisition effects SLA effects.
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L1/L2 Acquisition and learnability
what does each theory predict to be possible and impossible?
what are the central acquisition phenomena that any theory must account for?
Venn diagram of outputs for grammar 1 and grammar 2
a b c
Loci of predictive difference
box = range of conceivable outputs for any theory
(1) The nature of child phonology
a. The Strong Identity Hypothesis, which holds that child phonology is governed by the same principles as adult phonology [H/R]
b. The view that child phonology is fundamentally distinct from adult phonology—that it licenses processes unattested in adult language, that it depends on a series of developmental stages, and so on [S]
(2) The nature of the evidence
a. Deviations from target forms—in children’s as well as adults’ grammars—are to be attributed to performance effects, including nonlinguistic cognitive and motor processing. [H/R]
b. Many deviations from target forms are the result of ‘‘child phonology’’ (i.e., the child’s phonological competence)—grammatical effects for which the target language provides no evidence. [S]
M >> F
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