Eating Disorders Victoria Kuehn-Larson Human Behavior February 13, 2011
Contents • Eating Disorders • Self Esteem • Catastrophic Effects • Fashion Industry • America’s Next Top Model • Comparative Links • Treatment • Lessons Learned • Conclusion • References “Four out of ten Americans either suffered or have known someone who has suffered from an eating disorder” (National Eating Disorders)
Eating disorders • Major Eating Disorders • Anorexia Nervosa • Binge Eating • Bulimia Nervosa • Obesity • Being Overweight • A variety of factors: • Physical • Psychological • Interpersonal • Social and Peer pressure
Eating disorders (cont.) FOOD! • Anorexia Nervosa • A serious disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss • Features cognitive symptoms by having persistent, intrusive thoughts that the person becomes obsessive about food • Binge Eating Disorder - or BED • A disorder that does not give regard to regular eating habits • Features periods of starvation followed by overeating • Bulimia Nervosa • A disorder where self-induced vomiting is used to undo the effects of binge eating
Self esteem • Esteem is about “the need for things that reflect on self-esteem, personal worth, social recognition and accomplishment” (Cherry, 2011). • A Negative self image, particularly a body image, can lead to other negative tendencies: • Isolation • Withdrawal from social activities • Depression • Self-esteem is the real culprit for an eating disorder, and the belief that their body doesn’t match the ideal type portrayed in the media.
Catastrophic effects • Physical • Emotional • Social Issues
catastrophic effectsPhysical • Physical Effects of Eating Disorders on the body: • As well as: • Enamel loss on teeth • Loss of esophageal lining • Organs can start shutting down • And more…
Catastrophic effectsEmotional & social Seeing themselves differently: • Emotional Effects: • Isolation • Feelings of Hopelessness • Social Effects: • Separation from Friends & Family
Fashion industry - models • Fashion Industry contributes to low self-esteem in teens Tyra Banks, supermodel, has experienced the personal effects of eating disorders and how it can affect your personal habits. She has chosen to use her personal experiences to help others, especially those included in her show, America’s Next Top Model “The average American woman is 5’4” tall and weighs 140 pounds. The average American model is 5’11” tall and weighs 117 pounds.” (National Eating Disorders)
America’s next top model Anamaria was a contestant on America’s Next Top Model, Cycle 13, that was extremely thin and refused to see it “My concern with Anamaria is her body. I didn’t see tall, slender model. I saw bones.” - Mr. Jay “Beauty is health, and if you’re not healthy, you lose your beauty.” - Diane von Furstenberg, President, CFDA
Comparative links Obesity Purging Food Symptoms Binge Eating Deprivation Eating Disorders Anorexia Overeating Bulimia Medical Psychological Dental Treatment
treatment • Treatment offered to help those with eating disorders: • Medical • Nutritional Coaching • Getting the body back to health • Weight loss programs for obese patients • Psychological • Counseling • Treatment facility to monitor eating habits • Dental • Correction of cavities or loss of teeth
Treatment (cont.) GOALS :
Treatment (cont.) • Obesity Treatments • Weight Loss Programs • “One Size Fits All” Weight Loss Programs • “One reason for high drop out rates in current weight loss programs might be the ‘one size fits all’ clinical practice, in which obese individuals are treated uniformly, independent of their subgroup characteristics and their reasons for weight loss” (Schelling, Simone, 2011). • Discouraging results lead to circular pattern:
Lessons learned • Support from family and friends is key to successful treatment • Listen to your body • Eat when you’re hungry and stop when you are full • Do Not weigh yourself daily • Compulsive eating as well as Compulsive exercising can both lead to eating disorders • For those facing obesity, a custom-tailored plan is most beneficial to achieving results • Seek counseling when necessary
conclusion • The youth of today are influenced by the media and their peers on how they should look. The disorders range from anorexia to just having overweight issues. They are categorized by extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors surrounding eating and food. All of these disorders are serious and potentially life-threatening. They need to listen to their body and give it the proper nutrition. With the younger generation being so influenced by the media and the modeling industry, young females are the most affected by eating disorders at a rate of 1 male to every 10 females. Treatment and family support is crucial to successfully overcome an eating disorder.
references • Cherry, K. (2011). Hierarchy of needs: The five levels of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Retrieved from About.com: Psychology: http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/hierarchyneeds.htm • National Eating Disorders. (n.d.). Statistics: Eating Disorders and their Precursors. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from Nationaleatingdisorders.org: http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/uploads/statistics_tmp.pdf • NEDA. (2011). Learn basic terms and information on a variety of eating disorder topics. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from NEDA National Eating Disorder Association: http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/information-resources/general- information.php • Schelling, Simone & Simone Munsch & Andrea H. Meyer & Juergen Margraf. (2011). Relationship between motivation for weight loss and dieting and binge eating in a representative population survey. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 44, Issue 1, 39-43.