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Opening Briefing for Weather Information for Surface Transportation Workshops. Weather Information for Surface Transportation (WIST) Research and Development Plan: Improving the Safety and Efficiency of the Surface Transportation System. Samuel P. Williamson Federal Coordinator for Meteorology

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samuel p williamson federal coordinator for meteorology june 6 7 13 and 14 2006

Opening Briefing for Weather Information for Surface Transportation Workshops

Weather Information for Surface Transportation (WIST) Research and Development Plan: Improving the Safety and Efficiency of the Surface Transportation System

Samuel P. Williamson

Federal Coordinator for Meteorology

June 6, 7, 13, and 14, 2006

welcome
Welcome!!
  • Representatives from:
    • Academic and Research Institute communities
    • State weather-related initiative community
    • Environmental and Climate communities
  • Looking forward to hearing from you!
    • Weather-related impacts on surface transportation
    • Ongoing WIST-related R&D activities
    • Current and future WIST-related R&D needs
  • Help bridge the gap between the public and private sector
overview
Overview
  • OFCM Background/Structure/Mission
  • Importance of Surface Transportation Weather
  • Agenda
  • Summary
mission
Mission
  • To ensure the effective use of federal meteorological resources by leading the systematic coordination of operational weather requirements, services, and supporting research, among the federal agencies
  • High-level focus on:
    • Needs and Requirements
    • Issues and Problems
    • Studies, Reports, Plans, and Handbooks
    • Crosscut Reviews, Assessments, and Analyses
slide5
Aviation Weather

Climate Analysis, Monitoring and Services

Cooperative Research

Environmental Services

Urban Meteorology

Information Technology and Communications

Modeling and Prediction

Observing Capabilities

Space Weather

Weather Information for Surface Transportation

Key Focus Areas

Agency Priorities

ofcm background
OFCM Background

Federal Meteorological Coordinating Infrastructure

Federal Committee for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (FCMSSR)

Federal Coordinator for Meteorology

Program Councils

Interdepartmental Committee for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (ICMSSR)

National Space Weather

National Aviation Weather

Standing Committees

Environmental Services, Operations, and Research Needs

Environmental Information Systems and Communications

National Operational Processing Centers

Integrated Observing Systems

Climate Analysis, Monitoring and Services

Working Group for Urban Meteorology

Cooperative Research

slide7

Independent agencies:

Departments of:

  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • National Science Foundation
  • National Transportation Safety Board
  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission
  • Agriculture
  • Commerce
  • Defense
  • Energy
  • Homeland Security
    • Science & Technology
    • FEMA
    • Coast Guard
  • Interior
  • State
  • Transportation

Executive Office of the President:

  • Office of Management and Budget
  • Office of Science and Technology Policy

OFCM Partners

importance of surface transportation weather
Importance of Surface Transportation Weather

Safety and Efficiency

  • Roadway sector: Weather-related safety and cost estimates
    • Nearly 7,400 fatalities per year
    • Over 690,000 injured
    • $42 billion in economic costs
    • Over 544 million hours in delays (snow, ice, and fog)
  • Marine transportation sector: 7 percent of recreational boating accidents are weather-related
  • Railway sector: 309 weather-related accidents, over $46 million in damages, 3 deaths, 75 injuries, plus periodic delays and delays due to extreme temperature events (2001)
  • Pipeline sector: Impact of Hurricane Katrina was 90 percent of oil platforms in Gulf were shut down and 20 rigs reported missing
importance of surface transportation weather9
Importance of Surface Transportation Weather

Safety and Efficiency

  • Roadway sector:
    • Speed reductions can range from 10 to 25 percent on wet pavement; from 30 to 40 percent on snowy or slushy pavement
    • Estimated that 23 percent of non-recurrent delay on highways across nation due to snow, ice, and fog
    • State / local agencies spend more than:
      • $2.3 billion / yr on snow & ice control operations
      • $5 billion to repair snow & ice infrastructure damage
    • Trucking companies and other CVOs lose an estimated 32.6 billion vehicle hours a year due to weather-related congestion
    • Estimated cost of weather-related delay to trucking companies ranges from $2.2 billion to $3.5 billion annually
importance of surface transportation weather10
Importance of Surface Transportation Weather

WIST: Improve Surface Transportation Safety & Efficiency?

  • Examples:
    • Fog detection/warning system in TN on Interstate 75 (1994)
      • Improved safety; fog-related accidents reduced to zero (0)
    • 2006 Best Of ITS America – Best New Product, Service, or Application
        • PA Turnpike Commission’s "Fog Warning System"
    • Finnish road weather service system improves roadway monitoring
      • Result: shorten de-icing activities by 23 minutes on average
    • U.S. FHWA Sponsored Maintenance Decision Support System
    • 511 usage shows increasing use and great potential
importance of surface transportation weather11
Importance of Surface Transportation Weather

Need for an Integrated Approach to Surface Transportation R&D?

Source: December 2002 WIST Report

agenda
AGENDA
  • 1000-1015 Federal Coordinator’s Opening Remarks
  • 1015-1030 WG/WIST Cochair Opening Remarks and WG/WIST Activities Update
  • 1030-1115 Surface Transportation Weather-Related Impact/Priority Data
  • 1115-1145 Ongoing WIST R&D Activities Overview
  • 1145-1245 Lunch on your own
  • 1245-1430 WIST R&D and/or Needs Presentations
  • 1430-1530 Open Discussion Period
  • 1530-1600 Wrap-up and Next Steps
summary
SUMMARY
  • Lots of work already done…not starting from scratch!
  • Real and growing need for improved surface weather data, forecasts, integration, dissemination, and education
    • Ensure safe, efficient movement of goods and people
  • We need an integrated, end-to-end approach to ongoing and planned R&D activities
  • Through WG/WIST:
    • Working to develop that planning guidance
    • Seek everyone’s input and support
slide14

OFCM Web Site

WIST Report is available on OFCM Web Site

Click on “Publications” and navigate to the desired location

http://www.ofcm.gov/

background
Background

Historical Perspective

OFCM

Public Law 87-843 (1963)

  • Accountable to Congress and OMB
  • Coordinate agency budgets
  • Report budgets and activities in annual Federal Plan

1963

DOC Administrative Order

1964

OFCM formed in Jan 1964

1979

GAO Study Revitalizes OFCM

slide18

OFCM Affiliations

National Research Council (NRC)

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC)

Climate Research Committee (CRC)

University Corp. for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)

American Geophysical Union (AGU)

US Weather Research Program (USWRP)

American Meteorological Society (AMS)

US Climate Change Science Program (USCCSP)

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)

Committee on the Environment and Natural Resources (CENR)

Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction (SDR)

where have we been
Where have we been?
  • September 1998: Symposium on Advanced Multimodal Transportation Weather Services, Volpe Center
      • Identify weather information needs and weather products
      • Plan implementation of advanced multimodal weather services through cooperative partnerships
  • December 1998: Meeting of Interdepartmental Committee for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (ICMSSR)
      • Directed formation of first WIST Joint Action Group (JAG)
  • December 1999: First WIST Symposium
      • Cosponsored by OFCM and U.S. DOT-FHWA
where have we been20
Where have we been?
  • December 2000: Second WIST Symposium
    • Cosponsored by OFCM and U.S. DOT-FHWA
  • December 2002: Weather Information for Surface Transportation: A National Needs Assessment Report is published
    • First-ever compilation of weather support needs across the six surface transportation sectors
    • We can often increase safety and realize economic benefits at same time
    • Highlights importance of environmental support to homeland security
    • Weather information must be used in operational decision making
    • Need cooperative efforts and partnerships among Federal, state, and “private-public” entities, and between the governmental and commercial sectors
where have we been21
Where have we been?
  • August 2003: Ms. Mary E. Peters, Administrator of the Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and VADM Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., USN (Ret.), Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), met
    • Began a dialog regarding the next steps to take in the area of Weather Information for Surface Transportation (WIST)
  • November 2003: AMS Policy Forum on "Highways and Weather" is held
  • November 2003: NOAA makes Surface Transportation Weather a program element under NOAA’s Strategic Plan Goal for Commerce and Transportation
where have we been22
Where have we been?
  • January 2004: National Academy of Sciences' Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC) releases the report entitled Where the Weather Meets the Road--A Research Agenda for Improving Road Weather Services
    • The BASC report endorses the WIST Report results
    • Calls for the Federal government to establish a multiyear national road weather research program
      • With a suggested funding level of $25M per year
    • Also calls for the development of an overarching, multiagency-coordinated WIST implementation program
where have we been23
Where have we been?
  • May 2004: Weather Information for Surface Transportation was briefed to the ICMSSR
    • Actions:
      • OFCM establish a Working Group for WIST (WG/WIST), led by FHWA and NOAA, to allow all Federal departments and agencies to participate in the development of plans or projects to meet their WIST needs and ensure Federal resources are used efficiently
      • WG/WIST develop a multiyear, Federal WIST research program plan to bring together the Federal weather and surface transportation research communities and provide a vision for the public and private sectors to use for planning purposes
      • WG/WIST develop an overarching, Federal, multiagency-coordinated WIST implementation program
where have we been24
Where have we been?
  • July 2005: FHWA Administrator Mary Peters and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator Vice Admiral Conrad Lautenbacher signed a Memorandum of Understanding
    • Strengthens the working relationship between the two administrations
    • Foundation upon which FHWA and NOAA can build integrated solutions that combine the best weather services with the latest transportation applications
  • August 2005: The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) was enacted
    • Contains Section 5308 (Road Weather Research and Development Program)
    • This will support agency initiatives in road weather and education and training of road weather information users
where have we been25
Where have we been?
  • September 1998: Symposium on Advanced Multimodal Transportation Weather Services, Volpe Center
      • Identify weather information needs and weather products
      • Plan implementation of advanced multimodal weather services through cooperative partnerships
  • December 1998: Meeting of Interdepartmental Committee for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (ICMSSR)
      • Directed formation of first WIST Joint Action Group (JAG)
  • December 1999: First WIST Symposium
      • Cosponsored by OFCM and U.S. DOT-FHWA
where have we been26
Where have we been?
  • December 2000: Second WIST Symposium
    • Cosponsored by OFCM and U.S. DOT-FHWA
  • December 2002: Weather Information for Surface Transportation: A National Needs Assessment Report is published
    • First-ever compilation of weather support needs across the six surface transportation sectors
    • We can often increase safety and realize economic benefits at same time
    • Highlights importance of environmental support to homeland security
    • Weather information must be used in operational decision making
    • Need cooperative efforts and partnerships among Federal, state, and “private-public” entities, and between the governmental and commercial sectors
where have we been27
Where have we been?
  • August 2003: Ms. Mary E. Peters, Administrator of the Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and VADM Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., USN (Ret.), Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), met
    • Began a dialog regarding the next steps to take in the area of Weather Information for Surface Transportation (WIST)
  • November 2003: AMS Policy Forum on "Highways and Weather" is held
  • November 2003: NOAA makes Surface Transportation Weather a program element under NOAA’s Strategic Plan Goal for Commerce and Transportation
where have we been28
Where have we been?
  • January 2004: National Academy of Sciences' Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC) releases the report entitled Where the Weather Meets the Road--A Research Agenda for Improving Road Weather Services
    • The BASC report endorses the WIST Report results
    • Calls for the Federal government to establish a multiyear national road weather research program
      • With a suggested funding level of $25M per year
    • Also calls for the development of an overarching, multiagency-coordinated WIST implementation program
where have we been29
Where have we been?
  • May 2004: Weather Information for Surface Transportation was briefed to the ICMSSR
    • Actions:
      • OFCM establish a Working Group for WIST (WG/WIST), led by FHWA and NOAA, to allow all Federal departments and agencies to participate in the development of plans or projects to meet their WIST needs and ensure Federal resources are used efficiently
      • WG/WIST develop a multiyear, Federal WIST research program plan to bring together the Federal weather and surface transportation research communities and provide a vision for the public and private sectors to use for planning purposes
      • WG/WIST develop an overarching, Federal, multiagency-coordinated WIST implementation program
where have we been30
Where have we been?
  • July 2005: FHWA Administrator Mary Peters and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator Vice Admiral Conrad Lautenbacher signed a Memorandum of Understanding
    • Strengthens the working relationship between the two administrations
    • Foundation upon which FHWA and NOAA can build integrated solutions that combine the best weather services with the latest transportation applications
  • August 2005: The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) was enacted
    • Contains Section 5308 (Road Weather Research and Development Program)
    • This will support agency initiatives in road weather and education and training of road weather information users
where have we been31
Where have we been?
  • September 2005: OFCM forwarded to ICMSSR members the Weather Information for Surface Transportation (WIST) Initiative Document-First Steps to Improve the Nation's WIST Capabilities and Services
    • Initiative Document represents the initial recommendations of the WG/WIST members on key actions and priorities to collaborate on and address national surface transportation safety, mobility, and productivity issues
    • Proposed actions are focused on tackling the weather condition having the most impact on the surface transportation systems and on other areas where ongoing R&D or other activities can be leveraged
where have we been32
Where have we been?
  • January 2006: The TRB Task Force on Surface Transportation Weather (AH010T) meets for the first time
    • (Draft) The task force’s objective is to promote research and technology transfer to better manage surface transportation, minimizing the impacts of weather and maximizing safety and mobility
today s workshop
Today’s Workshop
  • The WG/WIST continues to work on developing a WIST R&D Plan as directed by the ICMSSR
    • Carrying out an information gathering effort on ongoing WIST R&D activities
    • Collecting input on weather-related impacts on all surface transportation sectors as a way to help prioritize WIST R&D needs
    • June 2006 workshops will help further refine the information gathered during the activities mentioned above