AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION ANNUAL MEETING and CONFERENCEDenver 4 May 2010 IDEAS, INSTITUTIONS and NATION BUILDING The Role of Education and Intellectual Capital Creation in National Development and Societal Change Ibrahim Ahmad Bajunid Deputy President INTI-UC LAUREATE INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITIES Visiting Professor Universiti Sains Malaysia and Adjunct Professor Universiti Utara Malaysia
GLOBAL CHANGES 1. Management and Educational Events The Personalization of the Computer and the Internet EVENTS THAT CHANGE THE EDUCATION WORLD The Fall of Industry Learning Across The Life Span Biotechnology and Other Initiaves Use of English and Indigenous Languages The Rise in One’sAsset Value The Coming of True Globalization Knowledge Economy The Age of R&D Transformation of Schools and Modes of Learning Edutainment and Creativity Demography and Population People Power-Knowledge Power Influence and contribution of Woman in Education Quality Obsession Social Capital The Rebirth of Strategy The Future Religious Revivalism The Mass Merchandising of Ideas The Info/Knowledge Revolution Environmental Consciousness Cognitive Sciences The Ascendance of Asia
Civilization Changes Leapfrog POST-INDUSTRIAL/ ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY VISION 2020 IMPERATIVE Leapfrogging development stages DEVELOPED SOCIETY Manipulating & Synthesizing INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY Recycling & Synthesizing Knowledge Services Manufacturing & Processing Information Services Labor + Land + Capital + Entrepreneur + Information + R&D + Technology + Knowledge DEVELOPING SOCIETY LAST DEVELOPED SOCIETY Utility Services Labor + Land + Capital + Entrepreneur + Information + R&D + Technology PRIMITVE SOCIETY Agricultural & Mining Labor + Land + Capital + Entrepreneur + Information Shifting & Farming Hunting & gathering Labor + Land + Capital Labor + Land Labor INFORMATION & KNOWLEDGE AS FACTORS OF CHANGE AND VALUE-CREATION NITA_MIMOS
National IT Agenda – The Vision and Goals * *Virtue-based Knowledge Society
The National IT Agenda Framework PEOPLE Comprehensive Human Development QUALITATIVE TRANSFORMATION ACCESS & EQUITY Values-BasedKnowledgeSociety CREATING VALUE CONTENT & APPLICATIONS Solutions for Info. Age work and life INFOSTRUCTURE Info. Age Development Foundation
How do we model Lifelong Learning? TRADITIONAL STRATEGIES To Know / Understand To Be To Do To Live With Others The Pillars of Learning Learning Individual/Families/Institutions/Communities/Societies Central Role of National Library and other libraries as knowledge Repository Life-long Learning Agenda Employment Social Inclusion Active Citizenship Personal Development Professor Ibrahim Bajunid (2000), NITC, MIMOS ICT DRIVEN STRATEGIES
The Age of Unreason • Reforms and Revolutions-Radical and Incremental • The Digital Era-Nanotechnology-E-Learning • Borderless World-Global Village • Boundarylessness • Globalization, Liberalization, Internationalization. • Competitiveness-World Class –Qualitocracy-Meritocracy • K Economy
Education, Training and Human Resources Development Accountability Framework • Human Capital-Human Talent • Politics, Policies, Planning • Strategic Alignment • Knowledge Management • Talent management • Leadership • Performance Culture • Civilizational-Cultural-National and Community Accountability
Recognizing Knowledge and Intellectual Assets • Gender Oriented Knowledge • Culture Specific Knowledge • Multiple Intelligences • Adversity Intelligence • Emotional Intelligence • Moral Intelligence • Spiritual Intelligence • Business Intelligence • Universal Knowledge
Types of Knowledge Capital • Of Human Capital • Of Knowledge Capital • Of Social Capital • Of Intellectual Capital • Of Cultural Capital • Of Values Capital • Of Human Resources
The Leadership Agenda • Leaders and Lifelong Learning • Leaders and Lifewide Learning • Leaders and the Quality of Life • Leaders and the Quest for Truth • Leaders and the Straight and Ethical Path • Other Types of Leaders
HUMAN RESOURCE CHALLENGES The National Mission • First: To move the economy up the value Chain. • Second: To raise the capacity for knowledge and innovation and nurture ‘first class mentality.’ • Third: To address persistent socio-economic inequalities constructively and productively. • Fourth; To improve the standard and sustainability of Quality of Life. • Fifth: To strengthen the institutional and implementation capacity.
QUALITY of LIFE CHALLENGES-Work-Life Balance Dimensions of Quality of Life Indicators Education Employment Energy Environment Health Human Rights Income Infrastructure National Security Public Safety Recreation Shelter
Bringing Things TogetherLearning and Living-Education-Training and Development • Development Imagination • Sociological Imagination • The Immediate and the Long Term • Lifelong Learning • E Learning • Religion • Champions of Development • Cumulative Deficits and Cumulative Advantages • All Kinds of Divides
Internalization of Great Ideas and Virtues in Families • Knowledge Justice Truth Liberty • Goodness Equality Beauty Wisdom • Caring Compassion Consideration Excellence • Helpfulness Humility Respect Self-Discipline • Tolerance Cleanliness Self-Confidence Courageous • Dignity Honesty Patience Tact • Loyalty Responsibility Conscientious Peaceful • Gratitude Risk-Taking Focused Enthusiastic • Committed Idealistic Forgiving Lifelong Learner
Reconstruction of the story of civilization and national development • The honing of the literacies of the citizenry through the ages. The story of the dawn of civilization – • Drawing • Scribes • Wheels • Story telling • Digital Era
So Many-Reinventing the Wheel Differently • Scribes • Discoverers • Pioneers • Inventors • Innovators • Researchers • Heroes
The Scribe, Magician and Scientist: On Knowledge Evolution • Drawing • Hieroglyphics • Alphabet-Alphanumeric • Print • Audio • Multimedia • Symbolic, Iconic, Enactive
LINKING-MAKING THE CONNECTIONS • linked to basic literacies • interwoven with the story of multiple intelligences • Understanding manpower planning • The emergence of human capital • Understanding Human resources, Talents and Potentialities.
Vicegerency. and Stewardship • The Athenian and Spartan models of citizenry. • Citizenry in Darul Islam and Darul Harb-The Muslim State and the Islamic State. • Communist and Democratic milieu. • Communities and Societies • International Organizations
Literacy of Reverence • The notion of Latin and Arabic as the languages of Prayers • The context of the anatomy of the sacred. • The anatomy of the secular. • Of Highness and Holiness and Wholeness
Independence and E Sovereignty • Of universal Franchise • The programmes of adult literacy in the early years of Malaysian independence. • The present day of newly emerging basic literacies. • Intermediate and Advanced Literacies. • Multimedia Super Corridor-The Dreams and the Realities • The Digital Era of virtual and global communities.
CONTEXTS of CITIZENRY EDUCATION • The education of the citizenry in:- • formal • non formal, and, • informal contexts. • The elitist, mass and universal stages of educational provisions. • Democratization of Higher Education. • Lifelong Learning
INTERNATIONAL SKILLS- GLOBAL SKILLS • Of generic Skills and Competencies. • The international and national agenda regarding development in all dimensions, specifically through education. • The context of global skills as literacies. • Employment Mobility • Europe as an Economic Area • The European Higher Education Area.
NOTIONS OF CAPITAL and LITERACIES • The interrelationship among the notions of Potentialities:- • cultural [multicultural] literacy • political literacy • economic literacy, and, The notions of • Social Capital • Intellectual Capital • Knowledge Capital. • Spiritual Capital • Levels and contexts of Interrelationships
Awakening and Senses and Sensibilities. • Awareness of The Multiple • The Symbolic • The Iconic • The Enactive • The Multimedia • The Multiple Intelligences • NeuroLinguistic Programming • Brain Sciences
FOUR THEATERS OF BRAIN • PERCEPTION • ATTENTION, CONSCIOUSNESS, COGNITION. • BRAIN FUNCTION. • IDENTITY AND BEHAVIOUR • John J. Ratey-2002- A User’s Guide to the Brain.
Literacies of Mindfulness • In control of Automatic Behaviours • Understanding of Trapped Minds Trapped by Categories. • Understanding the Illiteracy of viewing Realty from a Single Perspective. • Understanding personal Cognitive Incapacity because of Mindlessness
Overarching abstract and structural power bases of Literacies Determiners • Ideology, Knowledge and Literacies. • Those who sanction the parameters of literacies for the citizenry. • Of censorship, and, • banning decisions. • Forbidden knowledge, information and skills literacies.
Literacies Compendium • Literacies as tools, • Competencies, and, • contents for the enlightenment of citizenry. • Citizenry with a repertoire of multiliteracies or social and interpersonal global skills.
An enlightened citizenry in states of becoming. • Unraveling of the web of fragmented notions citizenry: • The achieving society. • The creative society. • The Learning Society. • The Knowledge Society. • The Virtues based society. • …Individuals, Families and Societies in the making in diverse circumstances…
CREATIVE PROCESSES: Perspectives for Understanding Talents • Originate Problems • Design Methods for Solving Problems • Hypothesize-Deductive Reasoning • Test Hypotheses • Infer • Produce Original Artistic-Scientific Works • Communicate in Unique Ways • Evaluate and Generate better approaches • Perceive Hidden relations • Invent New Uses for Objects • Resourceful
PRODUCTS OF CREATIVITY • Sketch • Sonota • Song • Phrase • Poem • Mathematical Process • Idea • New Mental Synthesis • A New Invention • Fragments of the Whole…
Inventiveness Thinking • Adaptability and Complexity Management Thinking • Inquisitiveness, Creativity and the willingness to take risks. • High Order Cognitive Competencies and sound reasoning.
Intelligent Robots substituting for Human Labor/Manpower • Trading Opportunities in isolated areas including in mountains. • Interactive Purchasing and Customer’s Own design for Required Goods. • Revolution of the Arts and Entertainment by Computers. • The Shift of Educational Sites from the Classrooms to the Home Lounge. • Virtual Reality and Artificial Intelligence. • “Agriculture” in the seas and oceans. • “Mining” in other planets in space. • Prevalent use of “biochips.”
Understanding of FILTERS INFLUENCING THINKING • SUBCONSCIOUS FILTERS • Values • Culture and Heritage • Religion • SURVIVAL FILTERS • SOCIAL FILTERS • (Desires, Goals, Aspirations) (Jim Wheeler, 1998)
LEVELS OF PARADIGMS • ANCHORING AWARENESS LEVEL(AHA, Safe, Danger) • MESSAGE CONTENT (Known and Unknown Information) • AWARENESS LEVEL (Unaware how much one knows, Aware, Unaware how much one does not know) • Jim Wheeler (1998)-The Power of Innovative Thinking
Fostering ETHICAL MANAGEMENT Across Departments • Perspective • Purpose • Patience • Persistence • Pride • Kenneth Blanchard and Norman Vincent Peale- 1990- The Power of Ethical Management.
Competencies Evaluation by Several International Systems. • Basic Literacies • Numeracy • Scientific Literacy • Problem Solving • Information Communications Technology (ICT)
Competencies and Empowerment Elegance and Artistry of Products and Services Originality Uniqueness Specialized Competencies Advanced Competencies Multiliteracies Basic Skills and Literacies
Conceptual Distractors and Conceptual Confusion • Westernization • Modernization • Nationalization • Privatization and Corporatization • Localization • Centralization • Decentralization • Devolution • Islamization • Globalization • Internationalization • Liberalization
Global Citizenship • Peace Education • Multicultural Education • Inter religious Dialogue and Discourse • Celebrating Differences • Working Towards the Education of Every Person.
CONTENTS of LITERACIES: SOCIETAL DEVELOPMENT AGENDA • The Generational Experiences of Public Literacies: • Colonialism and Independence. • Westernization • Nationalization and Malaysianization • Indigenization • Regionalization • Localization • Globalization, Internationalization and Liberalization
Official Knowledge and National Agenda Across the Literacies of Generations • The Rukunegara • The New Economic Policy • Malaysian History and Civics Education • The New Primary and Secondary School Curriculum • The Philosophy of Education • Vision 2020 and Educational Vision • Islam Hadhari • The National Mission
Nation-Building and National Literacies • Collective Historical Experiences and Memories • The Significant Trivia in National Memory • Of Popular and High and Great Traditions. • Community Literacies • Family Literacies
Professionalism as Universal Literacies • Professional Values and Literacies in Every Family-Understanding Professional Codes and Family Codes. • The Professions • Professionalism • Professionality in Families, Communities and Societies. • Socio-Economic Mobility because of the Mastery of Knowledge. • New Values and Assumptions. • New Action Rules a and New Linguistic and Cognitive Structures regarding Literacies • [Reference :Peter Senge’s notions].
On Sustainability: Literacies for All Ages and Across the Ages • The Quest for Lasting Wisdom • The Notions of Eternity and Timelessness in Value of Knowledge and Character. • Learnability. • Educability. • Lifelong Learning. • Life wide Learning. • Timeless Leadership. • Wisdom for All Ages
Understanding Social Capital • Foundations and Fundamentals of Literacies of Citizenry: • Trust in Neighbour • Trust in Government • Trust in Other Citizens. • Trust in Social Institutions. • Trust in Communities
New Literacies for the Citizenry • Sovereignty • E-Sovereignty • Cyber Laws • Mobile Etiquette • Email and SMS Etiquette • The courtesies and aesthetics of Cyber relationships .
Everyperson's potentialities and responsibilities. • Living Life to the Fullest • Lifelong learning as a sustainable educational agenda. • To create opportunities for citizens across the life span to acquire relevant emerging literacies. • To realize potentialities of species.