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American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). CPR Saves Lives. About 92% of sudden cardiac arrest victims die before reaching the hospital, but statistics prove that if more people knew CPR, more lives could be saved.

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american heart association aha guidelines to cardiopulmonary resuscitation cpr

American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

cpr saves lives
CPR Saves Lives
  • About 92% of sudden cardiac arrest victims die before reaching the hospital, but statistics prove that if more people knew CPR, more lives could be saved.
  • Immediate CPR can double, or even triple, a victim’s chance of survival.
adult cpr
Adult CPR
  • CPR is a series of life saving actions that improve the chance of survival following cardiac arrest.
  • Cardiac arrest results from the failure of the pumping action of the heart or circulation which may result in loss of consciousness and absence of pulse and breathing.
  • There is a Chain of Survival in CPR.
chain of survival
Chain of Survival
  • Immediate recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system
  • Early CPR with an emphasis on chest compressions
  • Rapid defibrillation
  • Effective advanced life support
  • Integrated post-cardiac arrest care
slide5
CAB
  • C = Circulation
  • A = Airway
  • B = Breathing
when you arrive at a scene with an unconscious adult
When you arrive at a scene with an unconscious adult:
  • Secure the scene – make sure it is safe.
  • Establish unconsciousness by shaking the victim by the shoulders and asking him/her “Are you okay?”.
  • If other people are around specify:
          • You call 911
          • You get the AED (if available)

If no one is around begin chest compressions after 5 complete cycles which includes compressions and breaths call 911.

c circulation
C = Circulation
  • Compressions
  • When performing chest compressions, proper hand placement is very important. Place both hands (heel of one hand, second hand on top) in the center of the chest using the victims nipples as a guideline. Lock your elbows and using your body weight, compress the victim’s chest. Allow the chest to have a complete recoil. The compression depth should be at least 2 inches. Count out loud as you compress 30 times.
  • Provide chest compressions at a rate of 100/minute.
a airways
A= Airways
  • With the victim lying flat on his/her back, place your hand on their forehead and your other hand under the tip of the chin. Gently tilt the victim’s head backward. This will open the airways
b breathing
B = Breathing
  • Gently support his/her chin so as to keep it lifted up and the head tilted back. Pinch his nose with your fingertips to prevent air from escaping once you begin to ventilate and place your mouth over the victim’s, creating a tight seal. Keep an eye on his/her chest to ensure breath is entering. Try not to over-inflate the victim’s lungs as this may force air into the stomach, causing them to vomit. Give two full breaths. Allow the victim’s lungs to relax between breaths.
slide10

Continue CAB process until the victim becomes conscious or help arrives.

  • If victim becomes conscious place them in the recovery position.
  • The recovery position is when the victim is placed on his/her side facing you with the lower arm in front of the body.
good samaritan act
Good Samaritan Act
  • Remember to act quickly
  • You are covered under the Good Samaritan Act.
  • Good Samaritan Act states that you are acting in good faith trying to save someone’s life regardless of the outcome.