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"Island of Hell". 908,555 (2012) inhabitants. TENERIFE-.

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"Island of Hell"

908,555 (2012)inhabitants


In December 1493, the King of Spain granted Alonso Fernández de Lugothe right to conquer the island of Tenerife. In April 1494, coming from Gran Canaria, the conqueror landed on the coast of present day Santa Cruz de Tenerife and disembarked with about 2,000 men on foot and 200 on horseback.After taking the fort, the army prepared to move inland, later capturing the native kings of Tenerife and presenting them to Ferdinand and Isabella.

The island is located between 28° and 29° N and the 16° and 17° meridian



222,417 p

3,717.98 m


3,442,787 visitors in 2005


5 million visitors in 2013


Industry and commerce

Tourism 20 percent of the GDP-(638 Thing’s to do in Tenerife)


petroleum, representing 10 percent of the island's GDP


Flora and fauna

  • The vegetation of Tenerife can be divided into six major zones that are directly related to altitude and the direction in which they face.

  • Lower xerophytic zone: 0–700 m.

  • Spurges, cactus spurge (Euphorbia canariensis), wax plants (Ceropegia spp.), etc.

  • Thermophile forest: 200–600 m.

  • Many endemic species: Juniper (Juniperus cedrus), dragon trees (Dracaena draco), palm trees (Phoenix canariensis), etc.

  • Laurel forest: 500–1000 m.

  • Laurels, holly (Ilex canariensis), ebony (Persea indica), mahogany (Apollonias barbujana), etc.

  • Wax myrtle: 1000–1500 m.

  • Wax myrtles (Myrica faya), tree heath (Erica arborea), holly, etc.

  • Pine Forest: 800–2000 m.

  • Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis), broom (Genista canariensis), rock rose (Cistus spp.), etc.

  • High mountain: over 2000 m. Dry climate, intense solar radiation and extreme temperatures. Flora well adapted to the conditions.

dragon tree

Tenerife bugloss


Ceropegia linearis ssp. debilis



Castillo de San Andrés, declared of National Tourist Interest Center

Cathedral of San Cristóbal de La Laguna

Güímar Pyramids

Church of the Conception of La Laguna

Cueva de Achbinico (first shrine Christian of the Canary Islands, Guanche vintage-Spanish)

San Andrés


1. Museum of Science and the Cosmos ““ La Laguna


2. Museum of Anthropology ““ Valle De Guerra

3. Museum of Man & Nature ““ Santa Cruz

4. Military Museum ““ Santa Cruz

7. El Portillo Visitor Centre ““ Teide National Park

5. Wine Museum ““ El Sauzal

6. Masca Museum “ Masca”

8. Casa Méndez-Fonseca ““ La Orotava


Science and research


The Genimpact project is funded under the EU Framework Programme 6 to provide scientific advice in support of policy.The genetic impact of aquaculture activities has aroused a great deal of concern among scientists and the general public. The perceived risks are often associated with detrimental impacts on wild populations and the ecosystem through ecological interactions and interbreeding, posing a threat to biodiversity. Public health issues are also matters of concern.

Canary Islands Oceanographic Institute


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