Everything You Ever Need To Know About Spanish Accents - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Everything You Ever Need To Know About Spanish Accents

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  1. Everything You Ever Need To Know About Spanish Accents á é íóú

  2. Los acentos: Accents are marks that are used in Spanish to indicate: • that a word does not follow the rules of stress. ie...lápiz

  3. Los acentos: Accents are marks that are used in Spanish to indicate: • a change in meaning from another word ie...sí / si

  4. Los acentos: Accents are marks that are used in Spanish to indicate: • an interrogative (question) word ie...Cuándo, Dónde, etc.

  5. Rules of stress RULE # 1 • If a word ends in a vowel, n or s, then the stress falls on the next to the last syllable. Pien-san Ten-go

  6. Rules of stress: RULE # 2 2. If the word ends in a consonant other than n or s, then the stress falls on the last syllable. Co-mer Prin-ci-pal

  7. Rules of stress: RULE #3 3. Any exception to rule #1 or rule #2 must have a written accent to show where the verbal stress belongs. Te-le-vi-sión Pá-ja-ro

  8. Accents • Always go on a vowel • Are a strong mark beginning right over a vowel and going up at a 45 degree angle to the right.

  9. RULE #1If a words ends in an "n", "s", or a "vowel", the verbal stress falls on the second to last syllable. • 1. pien-san - they think 2. pa-re-cen - they seem 3. a-bu-rren - they bore us 4. can-tan - they sing 5. ob-tie-nen - they get 6. des-can-san - they rest 7. bar-cos - ships 8. tien-das - stores 9. pier-des - you lose 10. e-di-fi-cios - buildings 11. com-prue-bas - you prove 12. tier-no - tender 13. ca-sa - house 14. bo-ni-ta - pretty 15. ro-to - broken 16. ma-ra-vi-llo-sa - wonderful 17. e-xce-len-te - excellent

  10. RULE #2When a word ends with any consonant other than "n" or "s", the verbal stress falls on the last syllable • 1. prin-ci-pal - principal 2. ar-chi-va-dor - filer3. ciu-dad - city4. se-rie-dad - seriousness • 5. des-can-sar - to rest 6. co-mer- to eat 7. in-quie-tud - worry 8. es-ta-tal- state • 9. po-pu-lar - popular 10. es-ca-sez- scarcity11. po-ten-cial - potential12. ca-paz - capable

  11. THE NO-BRAINER RULEIf the word has an accent, stress the part of the word where the accent is found. • 1. te-le-vi-sión - television 2. can-ción - song 3. na-ta-ción - swimming 4. vein-tiún - twenty-one 5. con-so-la-ción - comfort • 6. miér-co-les - Wednesday 7. es-trés - stress 8. sá-ba-dos - Saturdays 9. ví-ve-res - groceries 10. ex-á-me-nes - exams • 11. pá-ja-ro - bird 12. co-mién-do-lo - eating it 13. co-mió - he ate 14. gé-ne-ro - gender 15. ó-pa-lo - opal