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BLACK PEOPLE IN THE USA THE JIM CROW LAWS
UNTIL MOST BLACK PEOPLE WERE ... 1863 SLAVES
BLACK PEOPLE HAD NOT CHOSEN TO COME TO THE USA... SLAVES FREE LABOUR FOR PLANTATIONS THEY WERE TAKEN FROM AFRICA AGAINST THEIR WILL!
ONCE THEY ARRIVED IN THE USA THEY WERE SOLD AS SLAVES... THEY WERE SOLD TO WORK ON IN THE STATES. PLANTATIONS SOUTHERN
IN 1863 SLAVERY WAS ... ABOLISHED
UNFORTUNATELY THE PROBLEMS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS DID NOT END THERE... • In 1865 southerners created BLACK CODES to control and limit the freedom of former slaves. • In 1866 the codes were suspended
CHANGES WERE MADE TO THE U.S. CONSTITUTION WHICH GAVE HOPE FOR A BETTER LIFE... 1868 1870 Fifteenth Amendment Gave Black American adult males the right to . Fourteenth Amendment Stated Black people had the right to and be treated by law in the same as White people. freedom vote
THE JIM CROW LAWS WHAT WERE THESE JIM CROW LAWS?? WHAT DO YOU THINK THE JIM CROW LAWS WERE DESIGNED TO DO?
THE JIM CROW LAWS... • Laws passed by the states between 1877 and the mid-1960s. • The wanted to over the Blacks Southern South keep control
WHO WAS JIM CROW??? • 1828 Thomas Dartmouth Rice • Performed a song-and-dance routine pretending he was a black man • Made fun of black people stupid, lazy & unreliable
WATCH A CLIP FROM BIRTH OF A NATION (1915) AND THE JAZZ SINGER (1928)... WHILE WATCHING THE CLIPS THINK ABOUT HOW THEY ARE PORTRAYING BLACK PEOPLE AND WHY THE FILM STUDIOS DIDN’T HIRE BLACK PEOPLE.
SO WHAT WERE THE JIM CROW LAWS? • Jim Crow laws created separate societies: • This is called • Under these laws, Black became legally inferior to whites two one black, one white segregation
Each Southern states had its own Jim Crow Laws... CAN YOU THINK HOW AND WHERE BLACK AND WHITE PEOPLE MIGHT HAVE BEEN KEPT SEPARATE OR SEGREGATED??
EXAMPLES... Education [The County Board of Education] shall provide schools of two kinds; those for white children and those for colored children. Texas
Theatres / Cinemas Every person...operating...any public hall, theatre, opera house, motion picture show or any place of public entertainment or public assemblage which is attended by both white and colored persons, shall separate the white race and the colored race and shall set apart and designate...certain seats therein to be occupied by white persons and a portion thereof , or certain seats therein, to be occupied by colored persons. Virginia
Barbers No colored barber shall serve as a barber [to] white women or girls. Georgia X
Buses All passenger stations in this state operated by any motor transportation company shall have separate waiting rooms or space and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races (Alabama).
Intermarriage All marriages between a white person and a negro, or between a white person and a person of negro descent to the fourth generation inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited. Florida EVEN NOW SOME PEOPLE ARE AGAINST INTERMARRIAGE
JIM CROW “ETIQUETTE” A Black man not allowed to offer to shake hands with a White man or woman. Not meant to eat together. If did Whites to be served first and a screen put between them.
JIM CROW “ETIQUETTE” Blacks had to address Whites formally, while Whites could call Black people by their first names.