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Southwest “ Anasazi ” “Hopi” “Zuni” “Navajo”. Mountain View Elementary School Harrisonburg, VA 22801. Location of Southwest. The Anasazi are located in the desert that is the southwestern part of the USA.

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southwest anasazi hopi zuni navajo

Southwest“Anasazi”“Hopi”“Zuni”“Navajo”

Mountain View Elementary School

Harrisonburg, VA 22801

location of southwest
Location of Southwest
  • The Anasazi are located in the desert that is the southwestern part of the USA.
  • Today it is known as the Four corners and covers Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona.

Picture Credit:

http://www.nhusd.k12.ca.us/ALVE/NativeAmerhome.html/Navajo.html/Navajo_Land.html/nnmap.gif

culture of southwest
Culture of Southwest
  • They used animals skins for clothes.

Picture Credit:

http://www.nhusd.k12.ca.us/ALVE/NativeAmerhome.html/Navajo.html/Navajo_etc.html/Navajo_Music.html#dances

how they lived
How they lived?
  • They lived in adobe buildings. Some used cliffs made of sandstone for their homes.
  • Their first floor had no doors or windows in order to keep thieves out. They used a ladder to get to the second floor of their house.
  • Dry farming was used to grow the 3 sisters (corn, squash, and beans).

Picture Credit:

http://www.utep.edu/region19/modules/natast05/html/natast11.htm

southwest religion
Southwest Religion
  • They believed in Spirits in nature.
  • Kachina dances were done to bring rain to the crops.
  • They also had kivas, a religious building

Picture Credit:

http://www.uwec.edu/Academic/curric/greidebe/Indigenous/Student.Web.Pages/Art.indigenous/web.kachina/pics-meanings.htm

southwest art
Southwest Art
  • The Southwest made pots, cloths, and baskets as well as jewelry and dolls.

Picture Credit: http://inkido.indiana.edu/w310work/romac/art.htm

southwest clothing
Southwest Clothing
  • Their clothing was made from cotton but they didn’t need much since it was very hot
  • They did wear moccasins.

Picture Credit:

http://www.germantown.k12.il.us/html/southwest.html

what happened to the southwest
What happened to the Southwest?
  • Many of the Southwest Native Americans have moved on to other places.
  • Some Native Americans remain in the surrounding areas.

Picture Credit:

http://www.utep.edu/region19/modules/natast05/html/natast11.htm

location of mound builders
Location of Mound Builders
  • They lived in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys.

Picture Credit:

http://www.cr.nps.gov/aad/feature/builder.htm

how the mound builders lived
How the Mound Builders lived?
  • They grew and ate maize (field corn).
  • Cities were built on top of mounds of dirt.

Picture Credit:

http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/ancienttech/grinding_corn.html

mound builder religion
Mound Builder Religion
  • The Mound Builders’ got their name because they would bury people along with their goods in concical mounds on a hill.
  • Many mounds contain hundreds of people buried on top of one another creating a mountain.
  • Many of these mounds have tons of dirt and these people didn’t even have horses to help them. The people carried all the dirt!
  • The largest mound is found in Cahokia, Illinois and contains about 40,000 people.

Picture Credit:

http://members.tripod.com/~IS335/monks.html

mound builder religion 2
Mound Builder Religion 2
  • They believed that spiders and woodpeckers had special powers.
  • They also had a leader known as the “Great Sun.” When he died, his wives were killed and buried with him so he would have them in the next life.

Picture Credit:

http://members.tripod.com/~IS335/monks.html

what happened to the mound builders
What happened to the Mound Builders?
  • Most of them died as a result of the White man bringing disease with him from Europe.

Picture Credit:

http://members.tripod.com/~IS335/monks.html

location of plains
Location of Plains
  • The Plains Native Americans lived in the middle of the USA on the plains (flat land).
  • They especially lived in the Dakota prairies.

Picture Credit:

www.rootsweb.com/~rwguide/ notable/laura.htm

Click Here to see 360 view of Buffalo!

culture of plains
Culture of Plains
  • They had coup sticks for fighting other Native American tribes. If you could touch an enemy with a coup stick without getting killed, that was considered a great honor.

Picture Credit: www.nativetribe.com/

how the plains lived
How the Plains lived?
  • They owned horses so they hunted buffalo. The dried meat they ate was called jerky.
  • The 3 sisters (corn, squash and beans) were also grown.
  • Their houses consisted of either lodges and hogans or teepees when they were hunting buffalo and had to move often.

Picture Credit:

http://www.anthro.mankato.msus.edu/prehistory/settlements/regions/plains.html

plains art
Plains Art
  • A calendar was kept on buffalo hide. This was called a Winter Count.
  • Beads were also used for decoration.

Picture Credit:

http://www.galileo.org/tips/can-count/winter-tr.html

plains clothing
Plains Clothing
  • Buffalo hides provided clothing for this tribe.

Picture Credit:

http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports4/plains.htm

what happened to the plains
What happened to the Plains?
  • Many were killed by White European men.

Picture Credit: : www.whitko.k12.in.us/buildings/ wms/staff/home/

location of northwest
Location of Northwest
  • The Northwest Native Americans can be found in Southern Alaska.

Picture Credit:

http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports3/northwest.htm

culture of northwest
Culture of Northwest
  • Potlatch is the name given to parties in which the host gives a gift to all the guests and invites the guests to a feast for a few days.

Picture Credit: www.heard.org/

how the northwest lived
How the Northwest lived?
  • Fishing and whales provided the food.
  • “Salmon Run” is famous because that is when the Northwest catches a lot of fish due to the migration of salmon up the rivers.
  • They lived in wooden lodges.

Picture Credit:

http://www.germantown.k12.il.us/html/northwest.html

northwest religion art
Northwest Religion& Art
  • Totem poles are created out of wood to protect homes from bad spirits.
  • Totem poles are created and many families have them outside their village or longhouse.

Picture Credit:

http://intergate.cccoe.k12.ca.us/mdtech/nativeamerican/kwakieutl/wood.htm

northwest clothing
Northwest Clothing
  • Animal skins and bark provided clothing for the Northwest.

Picture Credit:

http://www.nhusd.k12.ca.us/ALVE/NativeAmerhome.html/KWAKIUTLS.html/CLOTHING.html

what happened to the northwest
What happened to the Northwest?
  • The descendants still live in Alaska and continue to fish and hunt whale.
  • In 1971, the USA gave some of their land back to them.

Picture Credit:

http://cooday8.tripod.com/alaska.htm

location of inuits
Location of Inuits
  • The Inuits can be found in northern Alaska and Canada.

Picture Credit:

http://ccins.camosun.bc.ca/~conklin/pages/martin/html/inuitlocation.htm

culture of inuits
Culture of Inuits
  • Husky dogs are used to pull sleds over the ice and snow.
  • There are yearly races called the iditarod.
  • Seal oil provides the fat for creating light similar to a candle.

Picture Credit:

http://www.iditarod.com/index.shtml

how the inuits lived
How the Inuits lived?
  • Most Inuits live in an igloo.
  • Harpoons are spears used to kill fish, seals, and even whales.

Picture Credit:

http://ccins.camosun.bc.ca/~conklin/pages/martin/html/inuitHousing.htm

inuits religion
Inuits Religion
  • Anningan is the moon god shown on the right.
  • The moon god is always chasing his sister, Malina, the sun goddess across the sky.
  • Anningan forgets to eat so that is why the moon changes shape.

Picture Credit:

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/mythology/anningan_moon.html

inuits art
Inuits Art
  • They Create masks for religious dances and also make wooden carvings.
  • Toys for kids would be made from bone or wood.

Picture Credit:

http://ccins.camosun.bc.ca/~conklin/pages/martin/html/inuitRAC.htm

inuits clothing
Inuits Clothing
  • They wear heavy fur clothing to keep themselves warm along with boots for walking in the snow.

Picture Credit:

http://ccins.camosun.bc.ca/~conklin/pages/martin/html/inuitdress.htm

what happened to the inuits
What happened to the Inuits?
  • They still live in the cold, icy climate of Alaska and Canada today.

Picture Credit:

http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports3/inuit.htm

eastern woodland 1300 1600 ad powhatan iroquois cherokee

Eastern Woodland(1300-1600 AD) “Powhatan”“Iroquois”“Cherokee”

eastern woodland location
Eastern Woodland Location
  • These Native Americans are located on the Eastern Coast of the USA which includes Virginia.

Picture Credit:

http://www.germantown.k12.il.us/html/woodland2.html

eastern woodland culture
Eastern Woodland Culture
  • In many tribes, the women had the power of leadership.
  • The game la crosse was invented by this culture.

Picture Credit:

http://www.oneida-nation.net/lacrosse.html

how the eastern woodland lived
How the Eastern Woodland lived?
  • Longhouses and wigwams is what these tribes used for housing.
  • Deer, rabbit, squirrel, moose, elk were hunted while the 3 sisters (squash, beans, and corn) were farmed.

Click here to see a Native American village

slide41

Eastern Woodland Longhouse!

Picture Credit: http://www.germantown.k12.il.us/html/woodland2.html

eastern woodland religion
Eastern Woodland Religion
  • They had visions.
  • Most tribes believed in a supernatural being.

Picture Credit: http://www.germantown.k12.il.us/html/woodland2.html

eastern woodland art
Eastern Woodland Art
  • Wampum belts were used by the Iroquois to tell stories and keep history alive.
  • Beads were also used for decoration.
  • Weaving was also done by the women.

Picture Credit: www.cshore.com/waabanaki/ images/wampbelt5lg.jpg

eastern woodland clothing
Eastern Woodland Clothing
  • They used animals skins for clothing.
  • They wore shirts, leggings, and moccasins.
  • The children wore nothing.

Picture Credit: www.cshore.com/waabanaki/ images/wampbelt5lg.jpg

what happened to the eastern woodland native americans
What happened to the Eastern Woodland Native Americans?
  • Many of the USA constitution ideas derived from the Iroquois Confederacy.
  • Most were killed off by White men.
  • However, some still live on reservations today.

Picture Credit: www.cshore.com/waabanaki/ images/wampbelt5lg.jpg