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GREEN MANUFACTURING. GREEN MANUFACTURING. “ We borrow the Earth from our descendants ” Depletion of resources Polluting the environment. GREEN MANUFACTURING. Enables economic progress Minimize pollution and waste Conserve resources . GREEN MANUFACTURING.

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green manufacturing2
GREEN MANUFACTURING
  • “We borrow the Earth from our descendants”
  • Depletion of resources
  • Polluting the environment
green manufacturing3
GREEN MANUFACTURING
  • Enables economic progress
  • Minimize pollution and waste
  • Conserve resources
green manufacturing4
GREEN MANUFACTURING
  • Manufacturing methods that support and sustain a renewable way of producing products and/or services that do no harm to you nor the environment. 
pollutants
POLLUTANTS
  • Careless disposal of waste
  • Newly identified toxins
  • "Big Company problem"...right?
  • Toxic hazards present in everyday household products

- Food

- Synthetic fragrance

pollutants6
POLLUTANTS
  • "Many times, because of extensive use, we assume a product is safe.  But any chemical ingredient warrants a closer look, no matter how long it's been on the market. We need to ask ourselves whether we should be careful of using such ingredients on a daily basis, and if necessary, we should explore other options for our customers.”
choices
CHOICES
  • Use natural raw ingredients, including organics
  • Do not use hazardous chemical conditioners, chemical anti-bacterials or chemical preservatives
  • Use botanically-derived,colour, spices etc
  • Cold manufacturing process for soap
depletion of resources increasing pollution
DEPLETION OF RESOURCES & INCREASING POLLUTION
  • As much fresh water has been withdrawn in the last 30 years as in the last three centuries.
  • Globally, there is a 160 billion cubic meter overdraft of groundwater per year.
  • The rate of increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide between 1970 and 2000 is nearly double that between 1960 and 1970 (1.5 ppm vs. 0.88 ppm per year).
depletion of resources increasing pollution9
DEPLETION OF RESOURCES & INCREASING POLLUTION
  • Carbon emissions have increased by more than 1.5 times since 1970.
  • The U.S., EU and Japan are by far the world’s biggest producers of solid waste, with the U.S. at about 14 times that of Japan and the EU combined.
  • Solid waste strategies: In Japan, it’s "Minimize at source"; In Europe, it’s "Producer responsibility"; In the U.S., it’s "There’s always more space
waste generation
WASTE GENERATION
  • Manufacturing generates maximum wastes
natural resources
NATURAL RESOURCES
  • Natural resources are vital to

- Economic activity

- Personal satisfaction

- Health

  • Need to be preserved for future generation
  • balancing environmental and business needs
cost green practices
COST & GREEN PRACTICES
  • Gap remains between societal benefits and private business benefits. But that gap may be narrowing
  • Examples

- Compact fluorescent lightbulbs,

- Software distribution via the Internet,

- Hybrid electric vehicles

- More efficient refrigeration

is it win win
IS IT WIN WIN
  • What's good for the environment is good for business ?
  • Regulation can confer specific and narrow benefits on some firms at the expense of others.
  • Example : Montreal Protocol

Wiped out the market for commodity CFCs

Benefited Dupont and ICI

sustainability
SUSTAINABILITY
  • Using regulatory actions to secure production cost advantages
  • Sugar Industry : bagasse & mud paste
  • Molasses to Alcohol

- What remains after taking out alcohol

- Highly toxic

- Discharged on land or in to river

sustainability16
SUSTAINABILITY
  • Metalworking fluids (emulsions of oil, water and stabilizing agents)

- 12 percent of metals manufacturing costs

- Limited reuse & high cost of disposal

-Environment friendly vegetable oil substitutes

-Microfiltration techniques to extend the useful life of these fluids virtually indefinitely

sustainability17
SUSTAINABILITY
  • Public and industry awareness campaigns
  • Adding business value can drive environmental solutions to "self-assemble“
  • Corporate involvement
global market
GLOBAL MARKET
  • Overseas environmental regulations
  • Growing consumer demand for a new generation of environmentally friendly products
  • Green products and production techniques are a competitive weapon
  • Example (1)

European directorate for the environment said it would eliminate brominated flame retardants used in electronics

global market19
GLOBAL MARKET
  • Siemens could not find a replacement
  • Sony Corp. produced a viable alternative
  • Example (2)

-New clean air emissions limits for

automobiles

-Honda and Toyota produced new engines to meet and exceed requirements.