constitution of 1791 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
CONSTITUTION OF 1791 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
CONSTITUTION OF 1791

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 10

CONSTITUTION OF 1791 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 161 Views
  • Uploaded on

CONSTITUTION OF 1791. The Constitution of 1791 - The National Assembly writes a new constitution then disbands France becomes a constitutional monarchy King has few powers under the new constitution Legislative Assembly = the new national parliament of France

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

CONSTITUTION OF 1791


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
constitution of 1791
CONSTITUTION OF 1791

The Constitution of 1791 -

  • The National Assembly writes a new constitution then disbands
  • France becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • King has few powers under the new constitution
  • Legislative Assembly = the new national parliament of France
  • Active Citizens = those who could pay a tax and vote/Passive Citizens = those who couldn’t vote
the legislative assembly
THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

The Legislative Assembly -

  • Administrative restructuring = France is divided into “83 departments” which were local districts
  • Election of local councils and officials
  • Bourgeoisie /lawyers now control local government
  • Assignats = new revolutionary paper currency - hit by inflation
  • Massive financial problems for the govt - tax evasion
the jacobins
THE JACOBINS

The Jacobins =

  • members of a Paris political club which spread throughout France
  • they wanted more radical changes
the flight to varennes
THE FLIGHT TO VARENNES
  • June 1791 - The king tries to escape to Austria and is captured at Varennes near the border
  • The National Assembly begins governing in Oct. 1791 with a discredited and disloyal king heading the govt
opposition from abroad
OPPOSITION FROM ABROAD
  • Old Regime/Absolute monarchs in Europe opposed the French Revolution
  • Feared the rev would set a bad example
  • Feared that it might spread to their states
  • The Declaration of Pillnitz = Austria and Prussia call on all monarchs to join together to restore
  • King Louis to absolute power
  • The D. of P. angers the Nat. Assembly - France Declares war on Austria in April 1792

The Prussian King and the Austrian Emperor

- enemies of the French Revolution

the summer of 1792
THE SUMMER OF 1792

1. France does badly at the start of the war against Austria

2. Economic shortages

3. Radicals in Paris begin to demonstrate and protest - blame the king for all problems

4. The Paris Commune = radical leaders in Paris form their own city got to overthrow the existing got

5. August 1792 - Radical mobs attack the Tuileries (the king’s palace in Paris)

The kings guards are slaughtered and the king and family flee to the Nat. Assembly

Radical mobs attack the National Assembly

King is captured and imprisoned

National Assembly is forced to suspend the monarchy and create a new government

6. The new government will be created by the “National Convention”

whose members will be elected on the basis of universal

male suffrage (all males have right to vote)

7. The National Convention will write a new

constitution = create a republic/no more monarchy

the radical revolution
THE RADICAL REVOLUTION

August 1792 -

1. Marks the end of the monarchy

2. The end of the National Assembly

3. The end of the moderate phase of the revolution

4. The beginning of a new radical phase of the revolution

5. These events are sometimes called “the second revolution”

San-culottes - ordinary people without fine clothes/they wore pants not knickers or breeches

1. These people are the dominate force in the Paris Commune

2. These people demand that the revolution go farther and make more radical changes

september 1792
SEPTEMBER 1792

The September Massacres - massive numbers of suspected “enemies of the revolution”, counter-revolutionaries, supporters of the king and the national assembly are arrested…then the crowds seize the prisons and murder the prisoners

September 1792 - The National Convention begins meeting/they vote to abolish the monarchy & est. a republic

The Girondins and the Mountain = two different factions of the Jacobins in the National Convention

the execution of king louis xvi
THE EXECUTION OF KING LOUIS XVI

January 1793 – the King is put on trial then

executed by the guillotine

domestic crises
DOMESTIC CRISES
  • The Girondins
  • The Mountain
  • June 1793 – radical mobs force the arrest and execution of the Girondins
  • The Revolt of the Vendee
  • France 1793 = major domestic chaos and turmoil