Emerging Diseases and Pandemics (2:01). Click here to launch video. Click here to download print activity. Do Now: Pick 3 words and write down the definition. emerging infections – Pg. 645 Giardia – Pg. 647 Epidemic – Pg. 648 Pandemic – Pg. 648. Today ’ s Objectives.
Emerging Diseases and Pandemics (2:01) Click here to launch video Click here to download print activity
Do Now: Pick 3 words and write down the definition. • emerging infections – Pg. 645 • Giardia – Pg. 647 • Epidemic – Pg. 648 • Pandemic – Pg. 648
Today’s Objectives • Describe 2 different ways that emerging infections can spread. • Explain the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic.
Today, infectious diseases have the potential to spread quickly throughout the world.
Emerging Infections Some diseases are becoming more dangerous and widespread. Vaccines and modern technology have saved millions of lives, but communicable diseases continue to be the top cause of deaths worldwide.
Emerging Infections Health experts label some communicable diseases as emerging infections. Emerging infections Communicable diseases whose occurrence in humans has increased within the past two decades or threatens to increase in the near future
Emerging Infections Scientists now believe that some diseases once thought to be noncommunicable may, in fact, be caused by infectious pathogens. Such diseases include Alzheimer’s, diabetes, and coronary artery disease.
Emerging Infections Factors Contribute to the Spread of Emerging Infections Transport across borders Population movement Resistance to antibiotics Changes in food technology Agents of bioterrorism
Avian Influenza Avian flu is passed to humans if there is direct contact with infected birds or contaminated surfaces. Because there is no vaccine and no cure, and because humans have little or no resistance to the virus, health authorities are watching this disease very carefully.
West Nile Virus Mosquitoes sometimes feed on birds carrying the West Nile virus. When infected mosquitoes bite humans, they often transfer the virus. The best preventive measure is to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
Salmonella and E. coli Salmonella and E. coli are bacteria that sometimes live in animals’ intestinal tracts. If people come in contact with these bacteria by eating contaminated food produced by these animals, they may become ill.
Recreational Water Illnesses When water is contaminated by harmful strains of bacteria such as E. coli or by giardia, you run the risk of getting a recreational water illness, or RWI. Giardia A microorganism that infects the digestive system
Recreational Water Illnesses Swimming is a fun way to stay fit, but it can pose a risk of getting an RWI.
Other Emerging Infections Other emerging infections with serious health concerns include HIV/AIDS has become a global health threat. Lyme disease is transmitted to humans through tick bites. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral illness. Mad cow disease affects the brain functions of cattle.
Other Emerging Infections An epidemic can be of local or global proportions. Epidemic A disease outbreak that affects many people in the same place and at the same time
How Diseases Affect the World The world’s countries are connected through trade and travel, making it easy for infectious diseases to travel faster and farther than ever before. Diseases can spread with amazing speed.
How Diseases Affect the World When an epidemic is of global proportions, it becomes a pandemic. Pandemic A global outbreak of an infectious disease
How Diseases Affect the World There is always the possibility that an illness could become a pandemic. Health agencies plan for pandemics and develop rapid-response strategies to reduce their impact.
The Impact of Travel The mobility of people in our globalized world contributes to the spread of disease.
Mutation of Pathogens Pathogens become drug-resistant in a three-step process: 1 Pathogens invade the body and cause illness. 2 Antibiotics attack the pathogens. 3 The pathogens that survive the antibiotics reproduce, creating a new generation of drug-resistant pathogens.
Exit Ticket • T or F: A global outbreak of an infectious disease is called a mutation. • The most effective way to prevent infection from Salmonella and E. coli is to: a. visually inspect food before eating. b. avoid eating salmon. c. cook meat thoroughly. d. was your hands after you eat.
Answer • F • C • The mobility of people contributes to the spread of disease. A tourist can pick up an infection in another country, return home, and spread it to his family, friends, or coworkers.
After You ReadReviewing Facts and Vocabulary • What is an emerging infection? A communicable disease whose occurrence in humans has increased within the past two decades or threatens to increase in the near future
After You ReadReviewing Facts and Vocabulary • How are recreational water illnesses most commonly spread? Through swallowing or contact with water contaminated with untreated sewage
After You ReadReviewing Facts and Vocabulary • How is a pandemic different from an epidemic? A pandemic is a global outbreak of an infection, while an epidemic is an outbreak in which many people in the same place at the same time are affected.