Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra Born September 29 1547 was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists. His masterpiece Don Quixote (dawn-key-ho-tay) has been translated into more languages than any other book except the Bible.
His major work, Don Quixote, sometimes considered the first modern novel, is a classic of Western Literature, regarded among the best works of fiction ever written.His influence on the Spanish language has been so great that the language is often called la lengua de Cervantes ("the language of Cervantes“.) • In 1569, in forced exile from Castile, Cervantes moved to Rome, where he worked as a chamber assistant to a cardinal. Then he enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish Navy Infantry regiment and continued his military life until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary pirates. After five years of captivity, he was released on payment of a ransom by his parents and the Trinitarians, a Catholic religious order, and he returned to his family in Madrid.
In 1585, Cervantes published a pastoral novel titled La Galatea. He worked as a purchasing agent for the Spanish Armada and later as a tax collector for the government. In 1597, discrepancies in his accounts for three years previous landed him in the Crown Jail of Seville. • In 1605, Cervantes was inValladolid when the immediate success of the first part of his Don Quixote, published in Madrid, signaled his return to the literary world. In 1607, he settled in Madrid, where he lived and worked until his death. During the last nine years of his life, Cervantes solidified his reputation as a writer.