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Interwar Neutrality. Isolationism: To stay away from political & economic entanglements Neutrality: Avoid taking sides. Isolationism v. Neutrality. Write this down on your handout In this box…. Failure of Peace: Munich Conference (1938). Appeasement.

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isolationism v neutrality
Isolationism:

To stay away from political & economic entanglements

Neutrality:

Avoid taking sides

Isolationism v. Neutrality

Write this down on your handout

In this box…

appeasement
Appeasement
  • To give into demands of rival power to avoid conflict

Write this down on your handout

In this box…

neutrality acts 1935 1939
Neutrality Acts (1935-1939)

In Europe…

In the USA…

  • 1938-39
    • Germany takes Austria & Poland
    • Italy invades Albania

Neutrality Act of 1939

“Cash and Carry”

  • 1937
  • Hitler & Mus. aid Franco in Civil War
    • Japan invades China

Neutrality Act of 1937

Neutrality Acts apply to Civil Wars

FDR delivers “Quarantine Speech”

  • 1936
    • Germany gets Rhineland

Neutrality Act of 1936

No loans belligerent countries

US citizens can’t travel on ships from these countries

  • 1935
    • Italy invades Ethiopia

Neutrality Act of 1935

Can’t sell or transport arms to countries at war

neutrality acts
Neutrality Acts
  • For nations at war:
    • No sale or shipment of arms
    • No loans on
    • No traveling of US citizens on their ships

Write this down on your handout

In this box…

cash and carry
“Cash and Carry”
  • US allows sale of goods to warring nations IF
    • They pay in cash
    • They ship them with their own ships

Write this down on your handout

In this box…

destroyers for bases agreement 1940
Destroyers-for-bases Agreement (1940)
  • US agreed to give 50 destroyers to Britain
  • Britain gives US rights to build bases
fate of the 50 destroyers
Fate of the 50 Destroyers
  • Britain gives some destroyers to:
    • Netherlands
    • Norway
    • Canada
    • Soviet Union
slide13
*Plus one

base in

Newfoundland,

Northern Canada

lend lease act march 1941
Lend-Lease Act (March, 1941)
  • US supplies war material to Britain, Soviet Union, China and France.
    • They don’t have to pay the US until after the war.

Soviets receive shipment of American tanks.

1941-1942, US tanks accounted for 15% of

Soviet tanks.

slide16
US spent a total of $50 billion ($700 billion at 2007 prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs
lend lease deliveries to ussr
Lend-Lease Deliveries to USSR
  • Aircraft 14,795
  • Tanks 7,056
  • Jeeps 51,503
  • Trucks 375,883
  • Motorcycles 35,170
  • Machine guns 131,633
  • Building equipment valued $10,910,000
  • Locomotives 1,981
  • Food supplies 4,478,000 tons
  • Machines and equipment $1,078,965,000
  • Army boots 15,417,001 pairs
arsenal of democracy 1941
“Arsenal of Democracy” (1941)
  • In a fireside chat, FDR introduced the Lend-lease Acts
  • He called Detroit, Michigan an “arsenal of democracy”

*Arsenal – a weapons manufacturer

fdr s four freedoms speech jan 1941
FDR’s Four Freedoms Speech(Jan, 1941)
  • FDR proposed that “everyone in the world” ought to enjoy:
    • Freedom of speech and expression
    • Freedom of Religion
    • Freedom from want
    • Freedom from fear

*Compare this to what Hitler, Mussolini and Hirohito are saying!

norman rockwell s paintings of the four freedoms
Norman Rockwell’s Paintings of the Four Freedoms
  • Inspired by FDR
  • Published in 1943, The Saturday Evening Post
  • US Department of Treasury toured the series to raise war bonds
    • Raised over $130 million in War Bonds
the atlantic charter august 1941
The Atlantic Charter(August, 1941)
  • FDR & Churchill met on a ship to discuss post WWII aims
  • Some goals were…
agreed upon points of atlantic charter
Agreed Upon Points of Atlantic Charter
  • No territorial gains
  • All peoples had a right to self-determination
  • Trade barriers were to be lowered
  • Freedom from want and fear
  • Disarmament of aggressor nations
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