Ranchers and the Cattle Industry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Ranchers and the Cattle Industry

  2. Texas and the Longhorn • Texas had ideal conditions for cattle • Warm climate year round • Water sources • Wide open range land • Longhorn- sturdy, short-tempered breed originally from southern Spain

  3. Cattle Business • Buffalo and Indians gone from the plains • Estimate: 5 million cows in Texas 1865 • Buy for $4 in Texas • Sell for $40 in East

  4. Getting Cattle to market • Cattle drive north from Texas • Chicago stock yard • Hub for railroads • Railroads provided • Quick and easy shipping to Eastern markets

  5. Cattle Drives • 1 Cowboy for every 200 – 300 cows • Drawback to life as a cowboy • Low wages • Loneliness • Occupational hazards • Sickness • Weather • Stampedes

  6. The End of Big Cattle • Barbed Wire and land ownership • Overgrazing • Overproduction = low beef prices • Natural Disasters • 1883 Drought • 1887 Blizzard and “Big Die-up” • Cattle Diseases