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Mental and Emotional Problems. Chapter 5. Think about Today…. How many emotions have you felt? Happiness Excitement Unpleasant Anger Anxiety Sadness Fear. In small doses, fear and anxiety can help you meet challenges, but too much anxiety is disabling. Anxiety.

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Think about today
Think about Today….

  • How many emotions have you felt?

    • Happiness

    • Excitement

    • Unpleasant

    • Anger

    • Anxiety

    • Sadness

    • Fear

In small doses fear and anxiety can help you meet challenges but too much anxiety is disabling
In small doses, fear and anxietycan help you meet challenges, but too much anxiety is disabling.


Normal instinctive response.

Triggers stress response.

Fears can turn into phobia’s .

High energy

Rapid heart rate and breathing, sweating, trembling, increased muscle tension.

Increased alertness.

Overwhelmed/freeze up.


Sadness and grief
Sadness and Grief


Normal reaction (bad grade or breakup)

Mild and brief or deep and long-lasting.

Temporary emotion.

Deepest form of sadness (death of a loved one)

Serious illness.

Interferes with daily life.


Guilt can remind you of your values shame is harmful and can contribute to serious mental problems
Guilt can remind you of your values. Shame is harmful and can contribute to serious mental problems.


Conscience driven.

Prompt your values.

Admitting you are wrong can minimize guilt.

Inherently unworthy.

Incapable of changing mistakes.

Associated with depression and eating disorders.


Mental illness disorders of thought emotion or behavior that reduce a person s ability to function
Mental Illness: disorders of thought, emotion, or behavior that reduce a person’s ability to function.

  • Phobias

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Depression

  • Bipolar Disorder

  • Schizophrenia

  • Eating Disorders

  • Addiction

Warning signs of mental illness
WARNING signs of Mental Illness

  • Sudden, noticeable change in personality.

  • Bizarre or unrealistic ideas.

  • Excessive anxiety.

  • Prolonged depression or indifference to the world.

  • Dramatic change in eating/sleeping.

  • Extreme highs or lows in mood.

  • Thoughts of suicide or homicide.

O bsessive c ompulsive d isorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  • Uncontrollable fixation on specific thoughts and behaviors.

    • Dirt and germs – washing their hands over and over again.

    • Repeated behaviors interfere with everyday life.

    • Therapy and medications can help.

  • What is OCD?

P ost t raumatic s tress d isorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

  • Experience a serious stress reaction in response to a terrifying event.

    • PTSD triggered by: war, terrorist attack, bombings, serious accidents, violent crime, natural disasters and abuse.

    • Flashbacks

    • Trouble sleeping or concentrating on tasks.

    • Emotionally numb, aggressive, violent.



  • A persistent feeling of apathy, hopelessness, or despair.

  • Affects 1 out of 10 people each year.

    • Sadness, anxiety, anger, feelings of indifference, thoughts of death or suicide.

    • Lack of energy, insomnia, unexplained weight loss or weight gain.

    • Withdrawal from family and friends.


Bipolar disorder
Bipolar Disorder

  • Extreme highs and lows of emotion.

  • LOWof depression and HIGH of mania

    • Manic phase- energy shoots way up.

    • Sleep less

    • Euphoric happiness

    • Poor judgment, reckless behavior, difficulty concentrating.


  • Severe mental disorder that causes people to lose touch with reality.

    • Hallucinations

    • Partly hereditary

    • Faulty brain chemistry

    • Tend NOT to be violent (danger to themselves)

    • Drugs can relieve symptoms but not cure.


  • Beautiful Mind:

  • Soloist:

  • Own World:

Eating disorders
Eating Disorders

Bulimia Nervosa

Extreme fear of weight gain.

Starve themselves and exercise excessively.

Self-perception of being overweight.

Binge and purge

Ridding body of the food they ate by vomiting or laxatives.

Anorexia Nervosa

Teens and suicide

Teens and Suicide

Chapter 5, Section 3

The truth
The Truth

  • During one average day in the U.S, about 12 young people aged 15 to 24 end their own lives. Of these, 10 are male and 2 are female. Far more teens attempt to kill themselves but fail. Only accidents and homicides kill more teens than suicides do.

The truth continued
The Truth continued…

  • Many teens who attempt suicide, however, don’t really want to die. For them, a suicide attempt may be a way to show how much they are hurting. Suicide can often be prevented if people learn to recognize the factors that put teens at risk and the warning signs of a possible suicide attempt.

Suicide risk factors
Suicide Risk Factors

  • Symptoms of depression

  • Substance abuse

  • Mental disorder

  • Family history of suicide

  • Abuse of violence within the family.

  • Living in a home where guns are present.

  • Spending time in prison.

  • Feeling alone or isolated.

  • Death of a loved one, parent divorce, in combination with depression.

Facts vs myths
Facts vs. Myths

  • “Only young people are at risk.” Suicide is most common among people aged 65 or older.

  • “ They aren’t serious.” Most people who commit suicide talk about it or give other clear signals beforehand.

  • “There’s no way to stop them.” Most people who talk about suicide are looking for help or another way to deal with their pain.

  • It’s dangerous to talk about suicide with them.” People are afraid to talk to depressed people about suicide with the fear of “putting the ideas in their heads”. However, speaking openly can ease the person’s mind and reduce the risk.

Signs of an approaching suicide
Signs of an Approaching Suicide

  • Abrupt changes in personality.

  • Alcohol or drug abuse.

  • Giving away possessions.

  • Loss of interest in favorite activities.

  • Reference to “going away” or “I won’t be around much longer.”

  • Self-inflicted injuries.

  • Withdrawal

  • Thinking, talking or writing about death.

Megan meier s story
Megan Meier’s Story