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  1. Drugs “If Our Body Is A Temple, Then Why Do We Treat It Like Trash?”

  2. Bell Ringer #1 • Test your Drug IQ • Textbook, pg. 402 • Evaluating Media Messages • What’s your verdict • Textbook, pg. 403

  3. Prescription Drug Abuse-Myth or Fact? • Rx drugs provide a medically safe high -Myth, Rx drugs are EXTREMELY dangerous to physical, mental, emotional, & social health. • 1 in 5 teens report abusing Rx drugs -Fact, 19% or 4.5 million abused Rx that were not prescribed to them. • Teens use Rx drugs only to get high -Myth, teens use Rx drugs to relieve pain, sleep better, experiment, help with concentration & alertness • Rx drugs are safer than street drugs -MYTH! Teens believe Rx drugs are responsible, controlled or safe…it is completely wrong.

  4. Rx Drug Abuse-Myth or Fact? • Teens are not pressured to used Rx drugs like street drugs -Myth, 1/3 of teens they say they feel pressure to abuse Rx drugs. • There’s nothing wrong with using a Rx drug once in a while -Myth, they can cause serious health issues and even death with 1 use. • Rx Pain Relievers are not addictive like street drugs -Myth, Rx drugs are as physiologically and psychologically addictive as many street drugs

  5. Rx Drugs • Teens are turning away from street drugs & using Rx drugs to get high. • New users Rx drugs have caught up with new users of Marijuana • Next to Marijuana, the most common illegal drugs teens are using to get high are Rx medications • Teens are abusing Rx drugs because they believe the myth that these drugs provide a medically safe high • The majority of teens get Rx drugs easily and for Free, often from friends or relatives.

  6. Rx Drugs • Girls are more likely than boys to intentionally abuse Rx drugs to get high • Pain relievers such as OxyContin and Vicodin are the most commonly abused Rx drugs by teens • Adolescents are more likely than young adults to become dependent on Rx medication.

  7. Textbook: Read & Discuss • Read pages: • Drugs: pg. 404-405 • Rx Drugs: pg 406 • OTC Drugs: pg 407 • Herbal Supplements: pg 408 • Study Guide, pg 409 • Questions: 1,2,3,6-10, 12,14,20,23

  8. Alcohol “If Our Body Is A Temple, Then Why Do We Treat It Like Trash?”

  9. Bell Ringer #2 • Notebook Pg. 93 • “Alcohol Pre-Test”

  10. Drinking alcohol through a straw “filters out” the alcoholic content of the beverage. The alcohol content remains the same no matter how the drug is delivered into the body. Myth Or Fact?

  11. Someone who doesn’t seem drunk can’t be drunk. Many people, particularly those with alcohol problems, can drink a lot without showing the obvious signs of drunkenness. Myth Or Fact?

  12. Beer and wine are safer drinks than “hard” liquors like whiskey. One standard serving of beer, wine, or liquor contain the same amount of alcohol, 1.5 oz Proof= ½ alcohol content Myth Or Fact?

  13. Using alcohol on weekends or only once in a while is harmless. People can get into serious health, legal, and social situations anytime they use alcohol. Myth Or Fact?

  14. When a person has a hangover, coffee, a cold shower, or fresh air will sober him or her up. These practices do not speed up the liver’s ability to break down the alcohol, so they don’t help to sober a person up. Myth Or Fact?

  15. Activity • Health Notebook pg. 96 • “Being Assertive Takes Practice” • Situation #2- “The Binge”

  16. Bell Ringer #3 • Health Notebook pg. 97 • “Being Assertive Takes Practice” • Situation #3- “Love Me, Love My Friends”

  17. What Is Alcohol? • Alcohol is a powerful drug. • It can be produced naturally by fermentation of fruits, vegetables, or grains. • Fermentation is the chemical action of yeast on sugars.

  18. What Is Alcohol? • Water, flavoring and minerals are added to ethanol to form beer and wine. • Alcohol can be processed to create liquors such as whiskey, gin and vodka.

  19. What Is Alcohol? • At first Alcohol may give the drinker a certain energy or “buzz” • However its true nature as a depressant takes over causing the CNS to slow down. • Within time the person becomes intoxicated……

  20. What Is Alcohol? • Intoxication: is physical and mental impairment, ranging from inability to walk to unconsciousness.

  21. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • BRAIN- alcohol reaches the brain within minutes, and the brain becomes less able to control the body. Movement, speech, and vision may be affected.

  22. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • MOUTH & THROAT- Chemicals affect the tongue, gums, and throat.

  23. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • HEART- Alcohol causes the heart to beat faster and the blood vessels to widen. The increased blood flow to the surface gradually allows body heat to escape and body temperature to drop.

  24. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • LIVER- The liver changes alcohol into water and carbon dioxide. When a person drinks alcohol faster than the liver can break it down, the person becomes intoxicated.

  25. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • LUNGS- The carbon dioxide is released from the body through the lungs. The water passes out of the body in the form of urine, perspiration, and breath vapor.

  26. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • STOMACH- About 20% of the alcohol consumed passes through the lining of the stomach and into the bloodstream. Too much alcohol in the stomach may cause vomiting.

  27. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • Alcohol affects a persons judgment and may interfere with a persons emotions, decisions and behavior. • It may cause you to do something you normally wouldn’t do

  28. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases, unplanned pregnancies, date rape, and violence can result when under the influence of alcohol.

  29. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • The most deadly short term effect of alcohol is driving under the influence of alcohol. (DUI)

  30. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • Drinking & Driving: • Alcohol reduces the ability to judge distances, speeds, and turns. • Makes you take higher risks. • Slows reflexes. • “Legal Limit” • Over 21=0.08 • Under 21=zero tolerance

  31. Short-Term Effects Of Alcohol • Driving while intoxicated is the leading cause of death among teenagers! • Each day in the U.S. 11 teenagers are killed and 350 injured by drunk driving.

  32. Long-Term Effects Of Alcohol • Long-Term Excessive use of alcohol leads to major Brain Damage. • Even moderate drinking can destroy brain cells. • Which results in loss of intellectual abilities such as memory and problem solving.

  33. Long-Term Effects Of Alcohol • Drinking Alcohol while Pregnant • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome • Birth Defects such as: • Low birth weight • Deformations • Mental Impairments • Death

  34. Long-Term Effects Of Alcohol • Alcohol also interferes with the livers ability to break down fats. • The Liver cannot break down fats so the fat builds up in the liver and prevents it from functioning normally. • Prolonged heavy alcohol use can cause Cirrhosis of the liver. • This is a condition in which liver tissue is destroyed and then replaced with scarred tissue.

  35. Long-Term Effects Of Alcohol • Healthy Liver

  36. Long-Term Effects Of Alcohol • Liver Damaged By Alcohol

  37. Alcoholic Signs • Odor on breath • Glassy eyes • Memory Loss • Emotional Problems • Change in appearance • Failing Grades • Slow reflexes • Slurred Speech

  38. It’s Your Choice • You can choose to live an alcohol-free life in which you pursue your goals and work steadily at reaching them……… • Or • You can get sidetracked and thrown off course altogether by using alcohol.

  39. 1. Why is there a link between alcohol and violence?A) Because you have more control when you drink B) Because of alcohol withdrawal syndrome C) As a result of denial D) Because alcohol can make people act differently than they normally would 2. Which of the following people would have the highest BAC after 2 drinks?A) A 150 pound female B) A 115 pound female C) A 150 pound man D) A 200 pound man 3. Which of the following is the correct proof of a beverage that is 12% alcohol?A) 12 proof B) 24 proof C) 80 proof D) 20 proof 4. How can drinking games be dangerous?A) It is a form of binge drinking B) It causes drunk driving C) You can lose a lot of money D) You lose a lot of weight 5. A(n) _________ is an activity in which a person is forced to participate in a dangerous or demeaning act to become a member of a club or group.A) binge drinking B) hazing activity C) initiation D) party Why does your body experience a hangover when you drink?A) A large amount of alcohol in the body takes a long time to be excreted B) It's a form of withdrawal C) Because you had a blackout D) It's a form of cirrhosis Bell Ringer #4: Practice Quiz

  40. 7. Why is it dangerous to drink alcohol when you are as young as 15 years old?A) It increases the risk of becoming an alcoholic later in life B) It's illegal C) Because you had a blackout D) All of the above 8. __________ protects the baby from any alcohol a woman drinks when pregnant.A) Fetal alcohol syndrome B) The placenta C) Nothing D) The umbilical cord 9. How can someone rid the body of alcohol after drinking?A) Taking a cold shower B) Getting fresh air C) Drinking coffee D) There is no a way to quickly rid the body of alcohol 10. A friend is telling you about a party he went to where he drank so much he couldn't remember what he did there. He threw up at the party. His BAC was probably ________.BACEffects on the Body .02People feel relaxed and become talkative. Social confidence may increase. Thinking and decision making abilities may be impaired. .05Reasoning and judgment are impaired. People feel relaxed and confident. Speech may be impaired. .08-.10Reasoning, judgment, self control, muscular coordination, and reaction time are seriously impaired. People can no longer make responsible decisions or walk without staggering. Speech is slurred. In most states, they are considered legally drunk. .12Loss of coordination and balance. People may become confused, disoriented, and nauseous. .20Emotions are unpredictable and may change rapidly. People may pass out. .30A person will have little or no control over his or her mind and body. Most people cannot stay awake to reach this BAC. .40A person is likely to be unconscious. Breathing and heartbeat slow down. Death can occur. .50People may enter a deep coma and die.A) 0 B) 0.12 C) 0.3 D) 0.05

  41. Textbook: Read & Discuss • Read pages: • Alcohol & the Body: pg 411-415 • Thinking & Decision Making, pg. 416-417 • Violence & Illegal Behavior, pg 418 • Alcoholism, pg 419 • Getting Help, pg 420 • Alcohol Advertising, pg 421 • Resisting Peer Pressure, pg. 422 • Study Guide, pg 423 • Questions: 1-10, 15,16,17,20

  42. Daily Review • The general name for a disease in which a person has a dependence on alcohol is called alcoholism • An activity in which a person is forced to participate in dangerous or demeaning activities is called hazing • Consuming large amounts of alcohol in a short amount of time is called a Binge Drinking • Alcohol can be produced naturally by ___________ of fruits, vegetables, or grains fermentation • ________________ is physical and mental impairment, ranging from inability to walk to unconsciousness. intoxication

  43. Daily Review • Alcohol’s true nature is as a ____________, whichcauses the CNS to slow down. Depressant • How is a person’s alcohol intoxication level measured? blood alcohol concentration • What is the blood alcohol content to declare an automobile driver legally intoxicated in the State of Michigan? 0.08 • A person who drinks and cannot remember what happened has had a(n) _________. blackout • What is the most deadly short-term effect of alcohol abuse? driving under the influence of alcohol • What is the leading cause of death among teenagers? driving a motor vehicle while intoxicated

  44. Daily Review • Name the organ that processes alcohol oxidation liver • What percentage of alcohol is contained within a bottle of 80-proof liquor? 40% • What age do you have to be in the State of Michigan to buy or possess alcohol? 21 • What is the blood alcohol content to declare an automobile driver, who is under 21 years of age, legally intoxicated in the State of Michigan? Zero Tolerance • The measured amount of alcohol in a drink is called ___________ proof

  45. Daily Review • A disease caused by alcohol that causes chronic damage to liver cells is __________ cirrhosis • A poisonous substance is known as a(n) ___________. toxin • Hallucinations caused by withdrawal from alcohol is called _________. delirium tremens syndrome • A person who refuses to acknowledge he or she has a problem with alcohol is said to be in __________. denial QUIZ TOMORROW!

  46. ALCOHOL UNIT QUIZ Tomorrow

  47. Bell Ringer #5KWL “THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF TEEN ALCOHOL USE”

  48. Tobacco Unit “If Our Body Is A Temple, Then Why Do We Treat It Like Trash?”

  49. Tobacco • Cigarette-smoking is the leading cause of avoidable death in the United States, accounting for more deaths than AIDS, Car Crashes, Suicides, Homicides, Fires and Illegal Drugs Combined.

  50. Tobacco • Cigarettes Kill 4 million people a year, one death every 8 seconds!