Mnemonic Skills. Borrowed from Regina Wilson Adapted by Amanda Whitmire. When we learn, we do not just "acquire new response patterns." We think . We receive, store, integrate, retrieve, and use vast amounts of information. Memory.
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Borrowed from Regina Wilson
Adapted by Amanda Whitmire
Memory is definitely a psychological phenomenon, but it is undoubtedly a physiological process as well. The brain is a complex part of the body with many functions. There are several brain structures that are involved in memory.
A method for enhancing memory. When using the term mnemonic skills, most people are referring to a trick that one uses to help memorize something.
Should be employed to facilitate learning. They work by creating connections where no connection is immediately obvious to the learner.
To be remembered: The planets, in order of their distance from the sun: Mecurey, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, PlutoMnemonic Device: MVEMJSUNP = My Very Earnest Mother Just Served Us Nine Pickles
To be remembered: The colors of the rainbow, in order: Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet. Mnemonic Device: ROY G. BIV (A made-up name) - OR - Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain
To be remembered: The Great Lakes, from west to east: Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, SuperiorMnemonic Device: Some Men Hat Each Other. - OR - (not in order) HOMES
To be remembered: The lines of the treble staff - EGBDFMnemonic Device: Every Good Boy Does Fine - OR - Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge
To be remembered: The spaces of the base staff: ACEGMnemonic Device: All Cows Eat Grass
A rhyme is a saying that has similar terminal sounds at the end of each line. Rhymes are easier to remember because they can be stored by acoustic encoding
Our memory is much enhanced if we can find organization or create organization to what we have to remember.
Finding organization to what you need to memorize is often critical to understand the information. If you are able to group what you need to remember into categories, you process the information in more depth. You add meaning to what you are learning by making a judgment about the nature of the information. In some cases, you are incorporating the new knowledge with information you already know.
Subjective organization is categorizing seemingly unrelated items in a way that helps you recall the items later. (Benjamin, Hopkins, & Nation, 1994. p.266) This is useful because it breaks down the amount of information to learn. If you can divide a list of items into a fewer number of categories, then all you have to remember is the categories (fewer items), which will serve as memory cues so that you will also remember the items.
T WAN BAC BSC PRC IA
TWA NBA CBS CPR CIA
In order to use the method of Loci, you must first imagine a place with which you are familiar.
You must be able to identify several locations within that one place. It is best if these locations can be given a logical order, such as clockwise, or top to bottom.
Here are some examples that would work:
Place: your houseVarious locations: rooms in the house
Place: your roomVarious locations: objects, such as your bed, your desk, the closet, etc.
Place: a baseball fieldVarious locations: players' positions
Place: Your ride/drive to work/schoolVarious locations: stores or landmarks you see along the way.
When you are trying to remember someone's name, the first step is to come up with a mental image with which you will associate person, and perhaps even facts about him or her.
Learning a foreign language can be an ideal situation for using mnemonic devices.
Often, there are long lists of new vocabulary terms to memorize.
The key to memorizing the vocabulary is to associate the English meaning with an English word that sounds like the pronunciation of the foreign word.
For example, the Danish word for yellow is gul. You can think of a sea gull, which is a bird. Birds have yellow beaks.
* ASSOCIATIONS - linking two ideas; PICTURE/WORD
There is a myth about Napoleon Bonaparte's excellent memory. Napoleon memorized the rosters of his units. Every time he was to review the troops, he would greet the soldiers by name, causing them to feel a personal connection to their French emperor. (Kurland and Lupoff, 1999, p. 3-4)
Franklin Roosevelt, is also said to have a good memory. In reception lines, Roosevelt would not only greet each person by name, he would ask a question of, or comment about, each person, showing his interest. Roosevelt used a terrific external memory device. His advisor, James Farley, kept a file of index cards on every such person Roosevelt might come across in such occasions. Before such occasions, he would brief Roosevelt beforehand, who would memorize a key question, brief story, or fact. (Kurland and Lupoff, 1999, p. 4)
Arturo Toscanini had poor vision, but a terrific musical memory. Instead of following along with the score as he conducted, he memorized the entire score for each concert! He knew every note played by every instrument for 250 symphonies and 100 operas! (Yount, p. 70-71)