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The World Bank and Building Codes: Challenges and Opportunities Sanjaya Bhatia GFDRR, World Bank
Governance? OR ….. What is the true challenge? OR
World Bank Experience • Mexico Earthquake 1985 damage - based on codes assuming ground motion assessment which was exceeded • Inappropriate knowledge of seismic risk as well as inappropriate building techniques
World Bank Experience • Disaster Risk Mitigation and Adaptation Project ALBANIA • To invest in the protection of vital infrastructure adaptation measures include revisions of building codes and land use plans, etc. • Component 3: Development of Building Codes • The component objective is to • reduce risks from seismic activities through development of improved building codes • mechanisms for introduction of improved standards • The activities include: • development of a national building code; • train engineers in new design standards; and • developing a mechanism for licensing of engineers
World Bank Experience Mainstreaming Climate and Disaster Risk Management into Economic Development MADAGASCAR • Up gradation and Adoption of cyclone-proof norms and standards for public infrastructure– roads, schools and health centers. • Updating and adoption of cyclone proof standards • Awareness • Training on norms - Ministries, Academia, Private sector - Construction companies, Technicians, Rural builders • Workshops to disseminate new norms • Simple brochures/posters distributed strategically to region and local level
World Bank Experience • Uganda: Refurbishment of health facilities in projects directly managed by communities. • Government and donor have stipulated key conditions which the communities must meet – including use of standard plans and specifications. • Direct community participation can work if special structures are created in the project design - Ugandan experience supports this assertion. • A guide-book following these lines has been developed by the Ministry of Health in Mozambique • Building for health care : a guide for planners and architects of first and second level facilities; Michael Hopkinson, Kees Kostermans
World Bank Experience • Insurance sector can reduce vulnerability: 1960 Agadir EQ Morocco the only 29 high rise buildings that resisted the EQ were those that were insured • Insurance ensures compliance - Ensure to Insure • Public awareness • Training / Capacity development