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Poetry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Poetry. Types of Poems How to Read Figurative Language Mood/Tone. Figurative Language. Although figurative language appears in many different kinds of writing, it is very common in poetry. . Types of Figurative Language. Simile Metaphor Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Alliteration Idiom

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Types of Poems

How to Read

Figurative Language


Figurative language
Figurative Language

  • Although figurative language appears in many different kinds of writing, it is very common in poetry.

Types of figurative language
Types of Figurative Language

  • Simile

  • Metaphor

  • Onomatopoeia

  • Hyperbole

  • Alliteration

  • Idiom

  • Oxymoron

  • Personification


  • Compares two “things” that do not appear to be similar. This helps the reader get a clearer description of the “thing” being compared & adds interest to your writing.

  • Examples:

    • The angry customer was a bull, angry and stubborn.

    • When she is happy, my sister is a bird, singing and floating around our house all day.

    • Her eyes were fire, angry enough to burn you with just one look.

Metaphor continued
Metaphor Continued

  • Underline the two things in each sentence that are being compared.

    • The student was a deer in headlights, caught completely off-guard and completely confused.

    • Her hair was silk, soft and shimmering in the light.

    • The selfish, dishonest salesman was a snake.

Metaphor 3
Metaphor #3

  • Finish the following phrases:

    • My alarm clock was _______________, annoying and unwanted, at 7:00 A.M. on Sunday morning.

    • The singer’s voice was _______________, confident and strong.

    • My boss is _________________, firm and authoritative when he gives me directions.


  • Comparing two unlike “things” using “like” or “as” in the middle.

  • Examples:

    • Her eyes were as blue as the Gulf of Mexico.

    • The bell was likeseatbelt saving us from doing anymore class work.

    • The students were likecalculators, solving problems in their heads in just a few seconds.

Create your own similes
Create Your Own Similes

  • Choose 3 things to compare:

    • _______________________________ like / as

    • _______________________________ like / as

    • _______________________________ like / as


  • Not everything that has “like” or “as” in it is a simile. Which one is not a simile?

    • He runs like a cheetah.

    • She is as honest as Abe Lincoln.

    • If you like Pepsi, you’re probably not a fan of Coke.

    • It was as dead as a doornail.

A way to remember it
A Way to Remember It!!

  • Metaphors and similes are a lot alike.

    • What do they both do?

      One way to remember that a simile includes “like” or “as” & a metaphor does not is by remember that both SIMILE & “LIKE or AS” have the letters L and S in them.

What do all of these have in common
What do all of these have in common?

  • I am so hungry, I could eat a horse.

  • I am going to sleep for 1000 years when I get home.

  • I have seen you in forever!


  • Extreme exaggerations.

    • We will be best friends for all time.

    • “I’m gonna love you forever, forever and ever, amen.”

    • I am the best singer that ever lived.

Fill in the hyperbole
Fill in the Hyperbole

  • It was so gross…

  • She runs faster than a …

  • They were sadder than a …

  • I wanted it more than…

  • It was more boring than…


  • Common phrases that only make sense within your own culture.

    • It’s raining cats and dogs.

    • You’ve got a chip on your shoulder.

    • A little birdy told me…

Underline the idioms what do they mean
Underline the idioms. What do they mean?

  • Keep an eye on your sister.

  • If you don’t, you won’t be keeping your word.

  • I’ll kick myself if I lose this bet.

  • I’m at my wit’s end with you!!

  • This deal is no-strings-attached.

  • He always jumps down my throat.

  • It’s time to grow up and face the music.

Idiom bank
Idiom Bank

  • http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/americanidioms/lefgidioms_f.html

Say these
Say these…

  • Sally sold sea shells by the sea shore.