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PRENTICE HALL LITERATURE TIMELESS VOICES , TIMELESS THEMES SILVER LEVEL. FORMS OF LITERATURE. FORMS OF LITERATURE. Just as various types of government and society have developed over the course of history, so have different forms of literature.

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prentice hall literature timeless voices timeless themes silver level
PRENTICE HALL LITERATURE

TIMELESSVOICES, TIMELESSTHEMES

SILVERLEVEL

FORMSOF LITERATURE

forms of literature
FORMS OF LITERATURE
  • Just as various types of government and society have developed over the course of history, so have different forms of literature.
  • Each of these forms, called a genre, has its own characteristics.
  • In this introduction you can find explanations and examples of each genre.
novel and novella
NOVEL AND NOVELLA
  • Novels and Novellas are long works of prose fiction that tell a story about imaginary people or animals called characters who live in a made-up world, or setting.
  • A novella is briefer than a novel. However, each has a plot, a series of events linked by cause and effect that reveals a conflict or struggle, and usually shows its resolution.
  • This works of longer fiction may also have subplots, smaller plots related to the main one.
  • The plot and subplots explore a theme, or central idea or question about life.
novel and novella1
NOVEL AND NOVELLA
  • Sample question to be asked:

What do you learn about the main character and setting of this novel from this passage?

Buck did not read the newspapers, or he would have known that trouble was brewing, not alone for himself, but for every tide-water dog, strong of muscle and with warm, long hair, from Puget Sound to San Diego…

short stories
SHORT STORIES
  • A short story is a brief form of prose fiction with characters, a setting, and a plot.
  • It resembles longer forms of fiction in exploring an insight into life.
short stories1
SHORT STORIES
  • Sample question to be asked:

Which details show that the story is set during the Civil War?

He saw a general on a black horse gazing over the lines of blue infantry at the green woods which veiled his problems.

short stories2
SHORT STORIES

LITERARY ANALYSIS:

  • Plot and Conflict
  • Characters
  • Point of View
  • Setting
  • Theme
nonfiction
NONFICTION
  • Nonfiction tells the story of a person’s life, narrates a series of true events, describes a real scene, or presents information.
nonfiction1
NONFICTION
  • Samplequestion to be asked:

Who is the subject of this nonfiction piece?

O f all the great artists of Japan, the one Westerners probably like and understand best is Katsushika Hokusai…

nonfiction2
NONFICTION

LITERARY ANALYSIS:

  • Autobiography
  • Biography
  • Exposition
  • Essay
  • Informational Text
drama
DRAMA
  • Dram, which can be told in prose or poetry, tells a story through the words and actions of actors who impersonate the characters.
  • The text of a drama contains the character’ spoken words, or dialogue, and bracketed information, called stage directions, telling actors how to move and speak.
  • Most dramas are meant to be performed, and you should imagine actors speaking the dialogue as you read it.
drama1
DRAMA
  • Samplequestion to be asked:

Which part of this dramatic text is dialogue and which is stage directions?

Miep: Are you all right, Mr. Frank?

Mr. Frank: [Quickly controlling himself] Yes, Miep, yes.

drama2
DRAMA

LITERARY ANALYSIS:

  • Staging
  • Historical Context
  • Plot and Subplot
  • Dialogue
poetry
POETRY
  • Poetry is literature that appears in verse form.
  • Many poems have regular rhythm and possibly a rhyme scheme.
  • Most poems use highly concise, musical, and powerful language to tell a story or to convey a single image or idea.
poetry1
POETRY
  • Samplequestion to be asked:

What qualities of the passage reveal that it is poetry?

Slowly, silently, now the moon

walks the night in her silver shoon;

This way, and that, she peers, and sees

Silver fruit upon silver trees…

poetry2
POETRY

LITERARY ANALYSIS:

  • Purpose and Form
  • Narratives and Ballads
  • Lyric Poetry
  • Symbols
  • Imagery
  • Figurative Language
the american folk tradition
THE AMERICAN FOLK TRADITION
  • The myths, tales, ballads, and tall tales that make up the American folk tradition are a kind of rugged, outdoor literature. They were shaped by singers and storytellers around campfires for generations before they being brought to the “indoors” of a printed page.
  • The literature of the American folk tradition expresses the insights, explanations, values, hopes, and fears of the groups and individuals that created them.
  • It often explains natural phenomena like thunder and hurricanes. It may also celebrate the heroes of the American frontier.
  • To get the full flavor of these works, imagine them as being told or sung to you rather than lying quietly on a page.
slide18

THE AMERICAN FOLK TRADITION

  • Samplequestion to be asked:

What natural fact does this folk tale “explain” in the African American dialect, or regional speech, of the South?

De wind is a woman, and the water is a woman too…When you see a storm on the water, it’s the wind and the water fightin’ over demchillun.

the american folk tradition1
THE AMERICAN FOLK TRADITION

LITERARY ANALYSIS:

  • Folk Tale
  • Myth
  • Tall Tale