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Debate Orientation. Volunteers make it Happen!. YOU are here for a very special purpose YOU are making an investment in the future YOU make it possible for young people to learn communication skills Thank You!. You Are Qualified to Judge.

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Debate orientation

Debate Orientation

Volunteers make it happen
Volunteers make it Happen!

  • YOU are here for a very special purpose

  • YOU are making an investment in the future

  • YOU make it possible for young people to learn communication skills

  • Thank You!

You are qualified to judge
You Are Qualified to Judge

  • You already participate in communication activities.

    • It is the speaker’s job to communicate with you.

    • It is not your job to be a debate expert before coming.

  • Our goal is for our students to speak to

    “the thinking man and woman on the street”

    That’s you!

What is debate
What is Debate?

  • Two opposing teams argue an idea (The resolution)

    • Affirmative (for the resolution)

    • Negative (refutation of Affirmative)

  • Debaters alternate sides during course of tournament

  • Stoa debate
    Stoa Debate

    3 Styles Offered:

    • Team Policy (two person teams) ~ 90 minutes

    • Lincoln Douglas (one person team)~45 minutes

    • Parliamentary (two person team, impromptu debate) ~40 minutes

    2011 2012 debate resolutions
    2011-2012 Debate Resolutions

    Team Policy Debate

    Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially reform its marine natural resource policies.

    Lincoln Douglas Debate

    Resolved: The United States has a moral obligation to mitigate international conflicts.

    Parliamentary Debate

    A new resolution is debated every round.

    Primary role of the judge
    Primary Role of the Judge

    • Listen to the debate

    • Decide which team best supports their position

    • Reach a conclusion and cast a vote

      - for the team that best supports their position

    • Give the debaters written feedback on the ballot

    Role of the judge
    Role of the Judge


    • Check the names on the ballot

    • Start on time

    • Monitor distractions (cell phones)

    • Stay in the room throughout the round

    Role of the judge1
    Role of the Judge


    • Request or accept written material offered by debaters before or during the round

    • Interrupt speakers/debaters

    • Disclose your decision

    Debater s role
    Debater’s Role

    • The debaters are responsible for making their ideas clear to the judge, including:

      • Debate Theory

      • Organization of the Round

      • Details of the Topic

    What you will need to judge
    What You Will Need to Judge

    1.Something to write with (black or blue pen)

    2. Flow Sheet (used to take notes/follow an argument)

    3. Ballot (used to score a round)

    What to expect
    What to Expect

    • Number of judges:

      • 1 in preliminary rounds

      • possibly 3 or more in elimination rounds

  • Timekeeper

    • Ask him/her to sit next to you

  • Greeting

    • Debaters will introduce themselves by name and may ask your judging philosophy.

  • The ballot
    The Ballot

    • Check to make sure:

      • You have not judged or watched any of these debaters at this tournament

      • You don’t know them

    • Find the Room Number

    • Make sure the tournament knows which ballot you have

    • Fill in your name (if needed)

    Ld round structure
    LD – Round Structure

    C = Constructive

    R= Rebuttal

    Cross-examination = 3 minutes

    A = Affirmative N = Negative

    (prep time)

    Tp round structure
    TP – Round Structure

    Cross-examination = 3 minutes

    1 = 1st speaker

    2 = 2nd speaker

    C = Constructive

    R = Rebuttal

    A = Affirmative N = Negative

    (prep time)

    Cross examination

    Team Policy and Lincoln Douglas

    • Three minutes

    • Follows each constructive speech

    • Only direct interaction in the round

    • One-on-one question and answer

    • Debaters face you

    Parli round structure
    Parli Round Structure

    Government Team

    Opposition Team

    C = Constructive

    R = Rebuttal

    Debater interaction
    Debater Interaction

    • Points of Information and Points of Order

    • Exchanges between debaters during the round

    • Interaction should be respectful and constructive

    • Debaters will handle these exchanges

    • May or may not affect your ballot

    Audible feedback in parli
    Audible Feedback in Parli

    • Judges and observers are allowed to provide audible feedback respectfully during the round

      • “Hear, hear!”

      • “Jolly good!”

    • Feedback should not be distracting or “drown out” the speaker

    • Audience feedback should not influence the judge’s decision



    • Organizes the ideas in a round

      • Use flow sheet or plain paper

      • Just a tool to help you

      • Not to be turned in

    • The right note-taking system allows you to:

      • Absorb the presentation

      • Reach a conclusion and cast a vote

      • Give the debaters written feedback

    Other considerations
    Other Considerations

    Time Limits

    • Once the time is expired at the end of a speech,

      a debater may complete a sentence, but

      should not start a new thought.

    • Once time has expired, judges are free to

      discard additional comments or speech

      content when evaluating the round.

      Debater Communication

    • Debaters may communicate and pass notes discretely at the


    When the round is over
    When the Round is Over

    • You may request to review evidence for clarification or accuracy if you like (any quoted material)

      • Please return any evidence you review before leaving the room

    • Don’t ask questions or give verbal feedback.

    • Don’t disclose your decision!

    • Don’t solicit opinions about the round from other observers in the room.

    • Immediately following round, take your ballots to the designated area for completion.

    Filling out the ballot
    Filling Out the Ballot

    • Two Independent Decisions:

      • Decide which team wins the round

      • Reward individual speaking ability

    • Set aside personal bias/opinion


    Burden of clarity is on the debaters: If something doesn’t make sense, find something else to vote on!

    Speaker points
    Speaker Points

    Each speaker should be judged in these six categories:

    • Organization

    • Analysis & Reasoning

    • Proof/Support (TP has “evidence”)

    • Cross-Examination

    • Refutation/Clash

    • Delivery

      In those categories, each speaker should be rated from 1 -5 using the following scale:

      1 – poor……………………………………5 - excellent

    The ballot speaker rank
    The Ballot - Speaker Rank

    • Speaker points determine rank.

    • Speaker points may be tied.

    • Break ties with rank.

    • Lower speaker points may win round.

    Helpful terms
    Helpful Terms

    You might hear some of these terms as the debaters argue the resolution.

    • Topicality – are we on the topic?

    • Significance (Harms) – asks is the problem significant enough to require action?

    • Inherency – Does the Affirmative plan exist right now? If not, why doesn’t it?

    • Solvency – will the plan work?

    • Advantages – benefits of the Affirmative plan.

    • Disadvantages – undesirable affects of the affirmative plan.

    Lincoln douglas terms
    Lincoln Douglas Terms

    • Values – Universally recognized principles

    • Criteria - Achieves, measures, or limits the value

    • Analysis – Interpretation of the resolution

    • Contention - Examples used to support a position

    The ballot reason for decision
    The Ballot: Reason For Decision

    • Provide Written Feedback to the DEBATERS!

      • Your investment in and encouragement for our students

    • Set aside your personal bias/opinion

    • Judge round based upon issues discussed in the round

      • Decide based on how well each side argues for their position

      • Be prepared to vote for a position you do not personally hold

    • Double Loss = disciplinary only

    Event judging record dance card
    Event Judging Record (Dance Card)

    • Please fill in competitors whom you:

    • judge

    • time

    • or watch