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Penicillin Mice Blood Transfusions Dogs Tuberculosis Medicine Guinea pigs Meningitis Vaccine Mice Kidney Transplants Dogs and Pigs. Breast Cancer Treatments Mice, Rats and Dogs Asthma Inhalers Guinea Pigs and Rabbits Polio Vaccine Mice Insulin for Diabetics Dogs

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Benefits of Animal Research


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    1. Penicillin Mice Blood Transfusions Dogs Tuberculosis Medicine Guinea pigs Meningitis Vaccine Mice Kidney Transplants Dogs and Pigs Breast Cancer Treatments Mice, Rats and Dogs Asthma Inhalers Guinea Pigs and Rabbits Polio Vaccine Mice Insulin for Diabetics Dogs Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease Monkeys Benefits of Animal Research

    2. Vaccine for Smallpox Vaccine for Anthrax Rabies Vaccine Typhoid Vaccine Cholera Vaccine Treatment for Beriberi Treatment for Rickets Corneal Transplants Local Anaesthetics Discovery of Vitamin C Canine Distemper Vaccine Coronary Bypass Operation German Measles Vaccine MMR Vaccine Antidepressants and Antipsychotic CT Scanning for Improved Diagnosis Chemotherapy for Leukaemia Medicines to Treat Ulcers Inhaled Asthma Medication Combined Therapy for HIV infection Medicines for Type 2 Diabetes Cervical Caner Antibodies Bird Flu Vaccine Malaria Vaccine Modern Anaesthetics Tetanus Vaccine Diphtheria Vaccine Anticoagulants Streptomycin Kidney Dialysis Whooping cough Vaccine Heart Lung Machine Hip replacements Cardiac Pacemakers High Blood Pressure Medicines Replacements of Heart Valves Chlorpromazine Psychiatric Medicine MRI Scanning for improved Diagnosis Prenatal Corticosteroids for Premature Babies Treatment for River Blindness Life Support for premature Babies Medicines to control Transplant Rejection Hepatitis B Vaccine Leprosy Treatment Oral and Inhaled Insulin for Type 1 Diabetes Angiogenesis Inhibitors for Cancer and Blindness Gene Therapy for Muscular Dystrophy Alzheimer’s Vaccine Benefits Continued…

    3. US Yearly Benefits of Animal Research 450,000 Prescriptions for anabolic (growth) hormones1 520,000 Heart bypass operations2 1,500,000 Prescribed for Erythropoietin (for Anaemia)3 34,000,000 Anticoagulants dispensed4 95,000,000 Prescriptions for asthma5 150,000,000 Prescriptions for antibiotics6 1. Source: IMS Health, IMS National Prescription Audit TM, 2/2008 2. Source: IMS Health, ClinicalPlus 3. Source: IMS Health, IMS National Sales Perspectives TM, 2/2008 4. Source: IMS Health, IMS National Prescription Audit TM, 2/2008 5. Source: IMS Health, IMS National Prescription Audit TM, 2/2008 6. US Center for Disease Control and Prevention

    4. The Numbers…

    5. Numbers in Perspective

    6. Pain - The Percentages “Some Pain, No Anesthesia” This is only the case when anaesthesia (or other pain relief) would have affected results e.g., when testing another pain relief drug

    7. Veterinary advances Vaccines developed to protect pets, farm animals, working animals and animals in the wild

    8. Refinement • Better living conditions for animals • Minimising pain wherever possible • Better training for animal technicians

    9. Replacement • In Vitro Testing • Computer Modelling • MRI Scanning • Micro dosing

    10. Reduction • Re-evaluating minimum numbers of animals for statistical significance • Methods allowing multiple procedures on single animals • Better designed experiments to reduce numbers

    11. Speaking of research www.speakingofresearch.com contact@speakingofresearch.com